The focus of learning in any university is its library. At Carleton University, the MacOdrum Library houses more than a million volumes and almost a million other items that includes an increasing collection of microfilms, archival material, maps, slides, and other items. The library also subscribes to a large number of national and international journals and periodicals.

At the University of Ottawa, several specialized libraries exist, with a total collection of 1.4 million volumes and 3.4 million of other documents and material. The Vanier Library houses 167,000 volumes and 2,000 different periodicals on natural sciences and engineering. Students also have access to the humanities and social sciences, the health sciences, and the law libraries.

Additional library resources in the Ottawa region include The National Library of Canada, The Public Archives of Canada, National Science Library, the Library of Parliament and other specialized government libraries.