Photo of Kanika Samuels-Wortley

Kanika Samuels-Wortley

Assistant Professor

Degrees:Ph.D. Sociology, University of Waterloo; MA Criminology, University of Ontario Institute of Technology; BA Honours Criminology & Sociology, University of Toronto

On Leave July 1, 2022 – June 30, 2023.


Kanika Samuels-Wortley’s areas of interest include race and racism, youth delinquency, policing, corrections, and critical race theory. Her research explores the complex relationship between race and crime and is committed to better understand the overrepresentation of Black and Indigenous youth in the criminal justice system. Samuels-Wortley’s research aims to advance critical race discourse in Canada through empirical mixed-methods approaches. Her current study incorporates both quantitative and qualitative methods to explore how perceptions and experiences with racial discrimination by law enforcement officials may contribute to victimization and offending among Black and Indigenous youth, thus maintaining their oppression and marginalization in Canadian society.

Kanika is currently collaborating on a number of projects including exploring race and racialization among incarcerated individuals, the policing of hate crime, and the surveillance of racialized communities.

Research Interests

  • Policing
  • Youth and Crime
  • Race and Racism
  • Youth Delinquency
  • Youth Victimization
  • Youth Diversion
  • Rehabilitation
  • Corrections
  • Violence Against Women
  • Critical Race Theory
  • Quantitative Critical Race
  • Mixed Methods

Recent Publications

Samuels-Wortley, K. (2021) To serve and protect whom? Using composite counter-storytelling to explore Black and Indigenous youth experiences and perceptions of the police in Canada. Crime and Delinquency, Vol 67(8), pg. 1137-1164.
Kabiri., S., Shadmanfaat, S., Samuels-Wortley, K., and Gallupe, O. (2020).  Does moral identity matter in situational action theory? Some evidence of Iranian fans’ cyberbullying perpetration. Forthcoming in International Criminal Justice Review.
Samuels-Wortley, K. (2019) Youthful discretion: Police selection bias in access to pre-charge diversion programs in Canada. Race and Justice,
Samuels-Wortley, K. (2019). Violence against Black youth in the great white north: Exploring the prevalence of victimization among Black women from a Canadian context. In A. Kalunta- Crumpton (Ed.) pp. 229-248, Violence Against Women of African Descent: Global Perspectives. New York: Lexington/Rowman & Littlefield.

Selected Media Highlights

PODCAST: Criminologia. Critical Race Theory and the Criminal Justice System in Canada. Featured Guest.
Quan, Douglas (2021, Feb 21). ‘Glaring gap’ in addressing anti-Indigenous and anti-Black racism in RCMP’s new cultural humility course, experts say.
De’L’eglise Justine, and Meloche-Holubowski, Melanie (2021, February 11). C’est Notre Seule Arme: Ils Ont Braqué lear camera sur les abus policiers. Radio-Canada
Regis Korchinski-Paquet’s death and anti-Black violence in policing. The Toronto Star
Black youth more likely to be charged and less likely to be cautioned for minor crimes, study of Durham police data finds. The Toronto Star likely-to-be-cautioned-for-minor-crimes-study-of-durham-police-data-finds.html.
Why racialized youth perceptions of police matter. The Power to Persuade.
Op-Ed. Safer Ontario Act will increase distrust and erode police legitimacy. The Toronto Star. distrust-and-erode-police-legitimacy.html.
Justice Focus – Episode 18 – Race, Diversion, and Police Selection Bias in Canada.