“Student engagement represents both the time and energy students invest in educationally purposeful activities and the effort institutions devote to using effective educational practices” (Leach, 2016, p.24).

Two factors that influence student engagement are:

  1. What institutions do to facilitate learning and development
  2. What students do during college/university (Wawrzynski & Baldwin, 2014).

When student engagement is examined, it considers how students socialize on campus (social), think (cognitive), feel (emotional) and behave (behavioral) (Gunuc & Kuzu, 2015).

Why is student engagement important?

  • Student engagement is positively related to academic outcomes such as progression, retention and completion (Leach, 2016).
  • It “has a positive relationship with quality learning outcomes and learning achievement” (Gunuc & Kuzu, 2015, p.587).
  • It is considered to be necessary or important for learning, persistence, performance, retention, experience and achievement (Gunuc & Kuzu, 2015).

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