Candidates must demonstrate reading ability in a language other than English, normally by successfully completing a reading course. This requirement should be completed prior to the submission of the dissertation proposal. The second language should enhance the primary area of research. If you have already passed a language requirement at the MA level and if the MA transcript documents the fulfillment of this requirement, you do not need to satisfy Carleton’s PhD language requirement.

The language requirement may be satisfied by a suitable language course taken at the university level, or by taking FINS 2105 (French) and obtaining a grade of B- or better. FINS 2105, Written Comprehension 1, a course given in English and offered by the French department, is designed to enable specialists from other departments in the humanities, social sciences and sciences to read technical texts in French with reasonable ease. The course involves basic French grammar, the reading of selected material from various fields, and an individual assignment in the student’s specialization. Registration in FINS 2105 does not count as a credit toward the PhD requirements. For the date and time when FINS 2105 will be offered, please check the French department’s class schedule.