The student can expect from the supervisor scholarly guidance throughout the stages of researching and composing the essay or thesis. The supervisor can assist in selecting and planning a manageable research topic, because he or she should be either familiar with the specific topic or willing to acquire that familiarity. The student should not hesitate to arrange meetings through email or in person. A supervisor will make himself or herself available for consultation about the project: depending upon the research itself and particularly on the student’s stage of work, meetings may take place once a week or once a month. A supervisor must consult with the Graduate Supervisor or student about continuity of supervision before leaving for an extended period of time. Overall, supervisors should respond expeditiously, thoroughly, and constructively to drafts of the student’s writing. But in approving the complete paper or thesis examination, the supervisor does not in any way commit the department to accepting the paper. After the examination, the student can expect the supervisor to advise him or her about any compositional changes required by the examiners.