Based on section 718.2 of the Criminal Code of Canada, a criminal offence committed against an individual(s) or her/his property that is motivated by the suspect/offender’s hate, bias, or prejudice towards a group identified by race, colour, place of origin, ethnic origin, ancestry, language, religion, sexual orientation, sex, gender identity, disability/handicap or any other similar factor.
A hate crime is intended to harm or terrify not just the targeted individual, but the entire group to which she/he belongs or is perceived to belong.
There are three kinds of hate crimes:
- Advocating genocide.
- Publicly inciting hate.
- Wilfully promoting hatred.
A number of individuals who collectively regard an identifiable group with hate and hostility. Some hate groups in operation in Canada are Heritage Front, Aryan Nations, Hammerskins, and World Church of the Creator.
Actions of Hate Groups include:
- Advocating violence against an identifiable group.
- Asserting superiority over identifiable groups.
- Spreading hate messages to other people in an attempt to recruit members.
- Inciting hatred towards identifiable groups often via hate propaganda (e.g. websites, literature, rallies, telephone recordings, graffiti, posters, business cards)
Reporting Hate Propaganda
- If possible, keep the material in your possession. If the material is not removable, record the propaganda either with written notes or photography.
- Contact the Department of University Safety at 520-2600 ext. 3612 (emergency call 520-4444). You are also encouraged to call Equity Services at 520-5622.
- Provide Safety or Equity Services with the hate material documentation.
Victims of Hate Crimes
- Report the incident to Ottawa Police at 236-1222 ( emergency call 911); or the Department of University Safety at 520-2600 ext. 3612 (emergency call 520-4444); or Equity Services at 520-5622.
- Seek medical attention for injuries.
- Save evidence from the crime.
- Document the incident in writing. Keep note of dates, times, witnesses, and specifics of the incident.
- Seek support, assistance, and resources from Equity Services.
- Seek additional emotional support as needed.