Homophobia/heterosexism presents itself in many different forms. The following are some of the ways in which it might be manifested.


  • Derogatory or offensive remarks, anti-gay jokes, anecdotes, or slurs (including derogatory nicknames)
  • Name calling, insults, or slurs of a homphobic or transphobic nature
  • Unwelcome comments about a person’s sexual orientation or gender identity
  • Negative stereotypes about gays, lesbians, bisexual or two-spirited individuals
  • Jokes that are homophobic or reinforce stereotypes
  • Mocking or imitating a person’s manerisms


  • Written harassment, including e-mail messages, that target an individual or group on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity
  • Websites that promote the inferiority of homosexuals
  • Pamphlets that espouse hatred of homosexuals
  • Homophobic graffiti
  • Defacement of posters as disapproval of sexual orientation


  • Physical harassment or assault, including the threat of a physical violence
  • Threatening gestures towards a person based on real or perceived difference


  • Heterosexist bias in assessment and evaluation
  • Heterosexist bias in appointment, tenure, promotion, and renewal
  • Heterosexist bias on forms and/or applications There are many different ways that we can speak out and take action against discrimination based on sexual orientation.