Role-play is a simulation methodology, which can be used as a training method for students to advance their knowledge and understanding, as well as acquire skills that are essential in their performance as professionals. It acknowledges that social context plays an important role in learning and it can be used to address and solve various problems.

Students can role-play interview situations with clients in medicine, psychology, social work, or human resources, which can subsequently be helpful in exploring potential issues. For example, students can role play as stakeholders pursuing certain goals in a community board meeting, which can help them to apply skills in a new situation.

Researchers identify two types of role-playing: Individual Role-Playing Exercises and Interactive Role-Playing Exercises.