- Research spotlight: Climate change extremes & Ontario agriculture
- Researchers in the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Carleton faculty members Ruth Waldick and Scott Mitchell from the department of Geography and Environmental Studies (in collaboration with Kathryn Lindsay of the Biology department) have spent the last three years on a project that aims to address two key information gaps of vital importance to agriculture and related sectors in Ontario:
- Risks for local agriculture caused by extreme weather events under a changing climate, specific to key crop development and farm operation stages; and
- Climate change information on the region, describing the nature and extent to which future weather conditions are expected to change.
Future weather projections are commonly presented in general terms, for large geographic areas, and coarse time scales; these provide limited value to farmers and the agricultural sector. In their work, Profs. Waldick and Mitchell focus on methods to transform climate model scenarios into weather projections that can be used at seasonal time scales and across localized areas (e.g. within sub-regions of eastern Ontario); this provides information regarding the nature of change, by season, that can be applied to operations on individual farms.
The use of a Geographic Information System approach allows these outcomes to be presented not just as graphs or tables, but also visually, using maps of the local area to show areas at risk of greater changes than others. Dynamic models of land use change and agricultural operations are being developed and refined, based on consultations with farmers and environmental managers in the area, and the visual outputs from scenario runs of the model provide information for local scale planning discussions. [Climate Change Extremes & Ontario Agriculture 2017]
This project is funded by the New Directions funding program of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. The data being collected here has value for many people and applications, and as such, findings are being disseminated through a general access website. You can also view the team’s webinar recordings and leave your comments and questions on their very own YouTube channel.
Associate Professor of Environmental Studies and Human Geography, Eastern Ontario Research Node Co-Lead for Nourishing Ontario and Research Associate for the Centre for Sustainable Food Systems. Campus-community partnerships that foster healthy, resilient and environmentally sustainable communities.
Chancellor’s Professor. Human dimensions of environmental change: coupled human-environment systems, global environmental change and human security, agricultural adaptation; climate change impacts and adaptations; environmental policy.
Chancellor's Professor, Geography and Environmental Studies, and Northern Studies. Relations between climate and permafrost; response of ground temperatures and the active layer to climate warming in the western Arctic; environmental and regulatory review of northern development projects.
Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies. Critical northern geographies; mineral exploration and mine development in the Canadian Arctic; how mining interweaves with comprehensive land claim agreements, environmental assessment institutions, self-determination movements, and histories of colonial knowledge production.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, Research Scientist at the National Wildlife Research Center (Environment Canada). Metal pollution in the environment, ecosystem responses to these perturbations; movement of metals through aquatic ecosystems and accumulation in food webs.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies. Sea ice properties and processes; indicators and impacts of climate change in the cryosphere; consequences of warming climate (atmospheric and oceanic) on cryospheric systems; environmental change detection of arctic ice shelves, sea ice and lake ice using microwave and optical remote sensoring; drift and deterioration of large icebergs.
Adjunct Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies. Member of COVE (Centre on Values and Ethics.) Critical geopolitics; environmental security; globalization; empire.
Adjunct Research Professor, Manager of Earth Observation in Agriculture Canada's Centre for Agroclimate, Geomatics and Earth Observation (ACGEO). Geomatics, remote sensing, spatial analysis and spatio-temporal modeling.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, manager of the Population Biomonitoring Section at Health Canada. Impacts of contaminants on human health; climate change and human health; risk communication and management; application of science to public policy.
Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair in Climate Change Impacts/Adaptation in Northern Canada. Permafrost; mountain environments; climate change impacts; cryosphere control on slope instability; heterogeneous environments and their quantification with measurements and models; uncertainty in computer simulations; wireless sensing networks and customized sensor technology.
Assistant professor in Geography and Environmental Studies. Changing resource economies, environmental politics, and struggles over sustainability in the subarctic and circumpolar North. Intersection of critical human geography, cultural anthropology and political ecology.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies. Global environmental politics (MEAs, IENGOs, etc.); indigenous development; environmental conflict.
Associate Professor. Exchange of carbon dioxide, water vapour, and energy between ecosystems and the atmosphere and the effects of natural and human-induced disturbances on this type of ecosystem function. More recently, interactions between climate change and peatland ecosystems in temperate and arctic regions.
Adjunct Research Professor, Permafrost Scientist. Permafrost and terrain stability in the NWT; influence of permafrost on infrastructure stability; making geoscience accessible to the public.
Gita Ljubicic (born Laidler)
Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies. Effects of climate change on arctic environments and people; political implications of circumpolar access and control; socio-economic challenges in remote communities; ongoing struggles for Aboriginal rights and cultural vitality.
Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies. Quarternary sea level change; Karst geomorphology and speleology; paleoclimate and geochronology of carbonates.
Edward (Ted) Manning
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, President of Tourisk Incorporated. Sustainable development of tourism; community based regional planning; risk management for impacted communities and destinations; development of policy and management instruments in support of sustainable development.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, Research Scientist at Agriculture and Agri-food Canada. Development of methods to derive land and soil information (land cover, crop residue, tillage, soil moisture, and crop biophysical characteristics) from synthetic aperture radar (SAR); multispectral and hyperspectral sensors; development of pre-processing image analysis approaches.
Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies, co-director of Carleton's Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Laboratory. Uncertainty in environmental modelling and monitoring; geographic information systems (GIS), decision support and model interfaces; primary productivity/crop yield, carbon cycling and landscape productivity patterns, especially in semi-arid areas.
Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies. Arctic ice shelves, epishelf lakes, ice islands and icebergs, indicators and impacts of climate change in the cryosphere, remote sensing of ice and cryospheric change.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, Director of the Inuit Knowledge Centre (working to develop and enhance social, cultural, economic, health and environmental conditions in Inuit communities across Canada.)
Associate Professor, member of the Carleton University Paleoecological Laboratory. Quarternary climate and vegetation change, dendrochronology, fire history and the importance of fire in the northern boreal ecosystem.
Associate Professor, co-leader of WIRL. Hydrology; water quality; snow; mercury; watershed systems; limnology; wetlands; peatlands; GIS; remote sensing; geo-computation; digital terrain analysis; spatial statistics; ecohydrology; LiDAR; DEMs; Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).
Associate Professor of Geography and Environmental Studies. Use, management and conservation of natural resources and landscapes by indigenous peoples of Central America and Mexico; participatory mapping; indigenous land tenure, local knowledge, and critical cartography.
Adjunct Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies. Science and policy of global and climate change; vulnerability of Canada to climate change; evolution of national and global regimes to address the issue; communicating the science to governments, the private sector and the public.
J. Kenneth Torrance
Professor Emeritus of Geography and Environmental Studies. Soil and soil freezing; landslides in post-glacial marine sediments; agricultural sustainability (particularly in the humid tropics.)
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, Research Scientist at Agriculture and Agri-food Canada. Flux measurement of trace gases from soil and water (N2O, CH4, CO2, NH3); estimating greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions from whole farms using inverse modeling; improved manure management techniques and technology; evaluating and improving the environmental impact of agricultural practices (air, soil, water); agricultural water management; decentralized wastewater treatment including treatment wetlands; sustainability assessment (Life Cycle Assessment, Carbon footprints, Ecological Goods and Services) and data needs (Life Cycle Inventories).
Assistant professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, cross appointed to Environmental Science. How environmental change, particularly land-use and climate change, are impacting freshwater ecosystems; impact of climate warming and nutrient enrichment on lakes and streams; ecosystem resilience, regime shifts, and recovery in freshwater systems; the importance of extreme events (e.g. droughts, storm surges, permafrost slumps) in altering aquatic ecosystems.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, Research Scientist at Agriculture and Agri-food Canada. Extreme weather and climate change impact assessment; agricultural and rural risk assessment; agri-environmental systems.
Professor Emeritus of Geography and Environmental Studies. Economic globalization in the Anthropocene Era; human dimensions of global environmental change; theology, epistemology and the nature of geography.
Associate Professor. The spatial governance of informal settlements; the politics of land use regulation; land, housing and the right to the city; urban food security and informality; anti-poverty programs and urban security.
Professor Emeritus of Geography and Environmental Studies. Remediation of contaminated soils in cold environments, remediation engineering, petroleum.
Adjunct Research Professor in Geography and Environmental Studies, Research Scientist at Natural Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada. Permafrost; eolian geomorphology; climate change impacts; northern infrastructure; drought; wind erosion (and energy); coastal processes; paleo-environmental change on the Great Plains of the U.S. and Canada.
Professor of History at Carleton, Assistant Professor of Environment and Sustainability (Freshwater Policy) at Western Michigan University. Environmental history and policy; water studies and policy; Canada-US relations; borderlands and transnationalism; envirotech; political ecology; GIS; hydroelectricity; energy history and policy; sustainability.
Professor of Philosophy. Development ethics; global ethics; human rights; ethical risks that arise when development displaces people and their communities; the capacity of diverse moral outlooks to reach agreement on practical solutions, including the right to development.
Professor of Philosophy. Development ethics; feminist philosophy; social and political philosophy; practical ethics; moral theory.
Assistant professor. Human-animal relations; value; (post)colonialism; political ecology; U.S.-indigenous politics; Alaska.
Adjunct Research Professor with the Institute of African Studies at Carleton University, Senior Fellow with the Centre on Governance at the University of Ottawa, Senior Research Fellow with the UN University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa. Water and environment, health and social governance, sustainable development.
Adjunct Professor in the Institute of African Studies and Lead Consultant at the SubSahara Centre. Water and international law; river basins cooperative treaties; water basins and conflict with focus on Africa and the Middle East; the Nile basin and tension in the horn of Africa; water structures and the rights of indigenous peoples and communities; tackling diminishing discharge of major rivers; water harvesting; water as a human right,.
Associate Professor in the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies. Modern coloniality/decoloniality; socio-environmental justice; intersectional-communal feminisms; Indigenous epistemologies and epistemic self-determination in struggle; critical human rights and citizenship.
Associate Professor in the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies. The intersection of global and public health and human rights; dimensions that link the environment and human health; synergies between public health and human rights; human rights and social justice implications of global health policies; how state and non-state institutions mobilize responses to epidemics of global proportions.
Grace Adeniyi Ogunyankin
Assistant Professor in Women's and Gender Studies. New cities in Sub-Saharan Africa, critical race theory, postcolonial and transnational feminisms, postcolonial urbanisms, global political economy of development, gender and urban development planning, social justice and the city, and gender, development and NGOs.
Associate Professor of Indigenous and Canadian Studies. Colonization, racialization, racism, and Canadian nation-building; Indigenous self-representation and state representational practices; Metis women's political organization and activism; urban Indigenous identity; Indigenous resistance movements.