International Affairs (INAF) Courses

INAF 5002 [0.5 credit]
International Development Policy
Review of current political, social and economic issues in international development policy. Sample topics include international institutions and global governance, development assistance, economic liberalization, gender, the environment and natural resources, food security, crime and conflict.
Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School
INAF 5003 [0.5 credit]
Project Operations in a Developing Country Context

Evolution, institutional framework and central policy issues of international development programming. Practical emphasis, with applications to project operations and planning, finance and funding, capital mobilization, administration, procurement, preventing fraud and corruption, monitoring, effectiveness measurement, and options for improving the planning and delivery of assistance.
Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5006 [0.5 credit]
Food Security and Rural Development

How the agricultural sector affects rural development and food security. Topics include an examination of the global agricultural market, biofuels, structural change in agriculture and agrarian reform, agriculture and the environment, and public policies affecting agriculture and rural development.
Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5007 [0.5 credit]
Theories of Development and Underdevelopment
A comparative analysis of approaches to the study of development processes and underdevelopment, including structural-functional, neo-classical, Marxist, and dependency theories.

Prerequisite(s): enrolment in the Development Administration stream of the M.A. program in the School of Public Policy and Administration, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5008 [0.5 credit]
Economic Development Policy and Planning
Developing country policies and planning and their impacts, including macro and sectoral techniques employed in development planning, budgeting, and problems in development administration.

Prerequisite(s): enrolment in the Development Administration stream of the M.A. program in the School of Public Policy and Administration, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5009 [0.5 credit]
International Aspects of Economic Development
Economic theory and policy dimensions of key issues in international economic development. Topics include: trade theory and policy for developing countries; debt, adjustment and macroeconomic stabilization; the role of international financial institutions; financial flows and the role of multinational corporations.

Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5011 [0.25 credit]
Policy Process and International Affairs
Examines the theory and practice of policy-making with a focus on international dimensions and issues. Topics include the Canadian international policy process, theories of policy formulation and their relationship to policy analysis and evaluation.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5001 (no longer offered).
Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5012 [0.25 credit]
Law and International Affairs
Introduction to international law and its role in international affairs. International legal sources and subjects, state responsibility, succession, jurisdiction and immunities, dispute settlement, domestic implementation, and theories concerning compliance and the use of law by states and other actors.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5001 (no longer offered).
Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5013 [0.25 credit]
Research Design and Methods for International Affairs

Key principles of social sciences research, basics of research design, and techniques of analysis. Emphasis on applications to international affairs and policy evaluation.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5001 (no longer offered).
Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5014 [0.25 credit]
Statistical Analysis for International Affairs

Applications of statistics to international policy issues, using statistical software to understand and present large sample empirical information. Topics include describing data, presenting data, comparing variables and hypothesis testing, and basic multiple linear regression.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5001 (no longer offered).
Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5100 [0.5 credit]
Canada in International Affairs

Canada’s role in international affairs; issues of conflict and conflict resolution, international political economy, and international development. Analysis of the content and formulation of Canada’s international policies.
 INAF 5101 [0.5 credit]
The Politics and Institutions of International Trade
Canadian trade practice; trade policy within the broader context of Canadian policy-making, comparison of Canadian policy and practice with that in the United States, Europe, Japan, and the major developing countries.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (taken prior to 1997-98).
INAF 5102 [0.5 credit]
Canada-U.S. Relations

The relationship between Canada and the United States from political, economic, diplomatic, military, and cultural perspectives. The history of Canada’s relations with the United States, as our neighbor, trading partner, ally, and sometime antagonist.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409, if taken 2003/04, 2004/05.
INAF 5108 [0.5 credit]
Conflict Analysis

The causes of international and intrastate war and violent conflict, with a focus on preventable causes. Explores major theories, hypotheses, debates and historical controversies from a range of social science perspectives, with emphasis on the implications for diplomacy, foreign and military policy.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5105 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5109 [0.5 credit]
Conflict Management: Theory and Evidence
Evaluation of conflict management theory and practice in regional, interstate and intrastate conflict. Analyse the various dimensions of conflict management – including prevention, mitigation, and containment, as well as military engagement – and assess the efficacy of these approaches in contemporary case studies.
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 INAF 5200 [0.5 credit]
Peacebuilding and Reconstruction: Theory and Practice
Complexities and challenges of contemporary peacebuilding, reconstruction and reconciliation after violent conflict. Critical evaluation of post-war political, social, legal, and security arrangements and institutions for preventing violence and enhancing long-term peace and stability in war-torn societies.
INAF 5201 [0.5 credit]
Disarmament, Arms Control and Nonproliferation

Origins, theory and practice, with a focus on so-called weapons of mass destruction and current controversies. Emphasis on treaty negotiation and implementation, including monitoring, verification, facilitation and enforcement of compliance.

Also listed as IPIS 5301.
INAF 5202 [0.5 credit]
C
ontemporary International Security
The evolving contemporary strategic and security environment, encompassing both traditional and non-traditional concepts. Topics include hegemony; the rise of new powers; terrorism; multilateralism; human security; and new security threats, including climate change.

Also listed as IPIS 5302.
 INAF 5203 [0.5 credit]
International Mediation and Conflict Resolution

Exploration of various approaches to the prevention, management and resolution of international conflict including peacekeeping, preventive diplomacy, mediation and peacebuilding, as well as less formal mechanisms for third party collaborative problem solving.
INAF 5204 [0.5 credit]
Intelligence and International Affairs
The evolution and role of intelligence in contemporary foreign and security policy. Examines the strategic and policy requirements related to intelligence, capabilities of selected services, interactions within government and civil society. Emphasis on the intelligence communities of Canada, the US and UK.

Also listed as IPIS 5303.
INAF 5205 [0.5 credit]
Economics of Conflict

The economic dimensions of conflict and the application of economic methods to understanding conflict and conflict management.Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 [formerly 46.549R] (taken in 2002-03).
INAF 5206 [0.5 credit]
Civil-Military Relations

Theoretical and practical issues of civil-military relations; analysis of the multidisciplinary and multidimensional nature of the relationship between society, political authority and the military, using comparative and global frames of reference.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 sections R and S (taken 2002/03, 03/04).
INAF 5207 [0.5 credit]
Middle East Economic and Political Relations
Economic and political relations among countries of the Middle East; emphasis on the peace process and arrangements for regional security and regional economic cooperation; prospects for regional collaboration.
INAF 5208 [0.5 credit]
U.S. Foreign and Security Policy
Causes and consequences of U.S. foreign and security policy. Explanation and evaluation of past and present U.S. policies. Cases will be drawn from 20th century wars, interventions and crises; post-Cold War and post 9-11 U.S. policies.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 section ‘X’ (taken 2001/02, 02/03).
INAF 5209 [0.5 credit]
Conflict and Development

Examination of competing interpretations of conflict in developing countries; material conditions, institutional factors, and ideological, or identity-based framing processes. The impact of war on development, and implications for policy.
INAF 5214 [0.5 credit]
Economics for Defence and Security

Examines the economic analysis of defence and security, applying economic analysis to topics such as defence production, procurement, offence and defence balance, alliance theory, deterrence, arms races, terrorism and terrorist financing.
INAF 5218 [0.5 credit]
Post-Conflict Justice: Theory and Practice
Domestic and international responses to war crimes, wartime atrocities, and human rights abuses. Emphasis on theoretical and policy debates, and relationship of post-war trials, truth commissions, and other accountability measures to democratic development, rule of law, reconciliation, and violent conflict resolution and prevention.
INAF 5219 [0.5 credit]
Rights, Development, and Conflict
Uses economic institutionalism to examine the intersection of development and conflict, focusing on how the connection between property rights and development affects conflict. Topics include gender, land conflict, urban peripheries, migration and refugees, domestic and transnational crime, and state violence.
INAF 5224 [0.5 credit]
Intelligence and National Security

The roles and activities of intelligence services of selected countries. Their performance will be assessed in the light of historical experience, and in the context of the policy, legal and ethical constraints.

Also listed as IPIS 5304.
INAF 5234 [0.5 credit]
National Security Policy and Law

The international legal and policy implications of identifying and responding to national security threats. Topics include: intelligence gathering; verification regimes; military and counter-terrorism operations; criminal prosecution; and, balancing human rights and security concerns.

Also listed as IPIS 5305.
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INAF 5244 [0.5 credit]
Terrorism and International Security
Contemporary international terrorism in comparative perspective, including religious and ideological motivations, recruitment and participation, evolving structures and dynamics of terror networks, financing and operations, and counter-terrorism measures. Examples are drawn from international and domestic terrorism.

Also listed as IPIS 5104.
Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 Section “W” in Winter 2008.
INAF 5300 [0.5 credit]
Political Economy of Multinational Enterprises
Recent economic and political developments in the fields of international economics and industrial organization as they affect multinational enterprises. The course develops concepts and analytical approaches to examine the impact of multinational enterprises on international affairs and the implications for public policy.
INAF 5305 [0.5 credit]
International Bargaining and Negotiation: Theory and Practice

An examination of bargaining and negotiation in international economic, political, and security issue areas, using case studies and theoretical analysis.
INAF 5306 [0.5 credit]
Trade Policy in North America

Canadian, American and Mexican trade and trade policy from colonial times to present, emphasizing the development of trade relations and the negotiation and operation of bilateral, regional (NAFTA), and multilateral trade agreements.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409, section ‘F’ (taken in 2005/06). 
INAF 5308 [0.5 credit]
International Trade: Theory and Policy
The pure theory of international trade and selected policy issues. Topics include theories of the pattern of trade, the gains from trade, the theory of distortions and welfare, and theories of endogenous trade policy formation.

Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5309 [0.5 credit]
International Finance: Theory and Policy
Theory and policy in open economy macroeconomics and international finance. Topics include: exchange rate and output determination, balance of payments adjustment, monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes, and the structure and performance of the international monetary system.

Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5400 [0.5 credit]
Trade Policy Analysis
Selected trade and trade-related policy issues. Topics are drawn from current policy debates, and may include: multilateral vs. preferential trade liberalization; standards harmonization as a precondition for free trade; and globalization and the rising skill wage premium.

Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5401 [0.5 credit]
International Financial Institutions and Policy

Institutional arrangements, international financial flows, and critical events in international finance; development and operation of international financial institutions, and how they have shaped modern financial markets, events, and policy.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (taken prior to 1997-98). 
INAF 5402 [0.5 credit]
Territory and Territoriality
Contemporary geographical and international relations theorizing is challenging conventional notions of boundaries and territories in the political organization of modernity. Using contemporary writings on geopolitics, security, sovereignty, self-determination and identity politics, this course investigates territoriality as a political and intellectual strategy.

Also listed as GEOG 5400.
INAF 5405 [0.5 credit]
International Organizations in International Affairs
The theory of international organizations, the history of their accelerated emergence since World War II and a critical analysis of the roles they play in international affairs, with an emphasis on the United Nations and its subsidiary, specialized and associated agencies, and regional and sub-regional organizations.
INAF 5407 [0.5 credit]
International Relations Theory
Overview of theories of international relations. Organized both historically and conceptually, the course will examine a variety of theoretical approaches to international relations, among them the realist, liberal, structural, neo-realist, and critical perspectives.
INAF 5408 [0.5 credit]
Gender in International Affairs

The role of gender differences in international affairs gender in the social sciences and feminist theories regarding war, nationalism, human rights, development, and the global economy.
INAF 5409 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5410 [0.5 credit]
Global Public Policy
Public policy making at the international level, including the roles of international institutions, states and non-governmental organizations in developing and implementing global policies in areas such as health, social policies, environment, labour, and migration.
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INAF 5419 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5429 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5439 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5449 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in Conflict Analysis and Resolution
INAF 5459 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Affairs
INAF 5469 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in Intelligence and National Security
INAF 5479 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Organizations and Global Public Policy
INAF 5489 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in International Development Policy
INAF 5499 [0.5 credit]
Selected Topics in Development Projects and Planning
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INAF 5500 [0.5 credit]
Comparative Trade Policy

Examination of trade policies of various states, and their associated institutional arrangement. Countries and country groupings to be examined include the United States, Japan, the European Union, and key developing countries.
INAF 5501 [0.5 credit]
Global Political Economy

The interaction between states, interest groups, firms and markets, how the global nature of the world economy affects states, especially Canada, and the governance of economic issues at the international level including trade, investment, finance and development.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5000 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5502 [0.5 credit]
State Sovereignty and Globalization
How increased political, social and economic integration internationally affects a government’s ability to formulate policy; examination of domestic and international policy issues and whether and how global forces and their domestic counterparts shape the policy-making environment.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5000 (taken prior to 2001).
INAF 5504 [0.5 credit]
Advanced International Law: Principles and Practice
Critical assessment of international law in key areas of international affairs, including its development, content, application, and relationship to the behaviour and interests of various actors. Specific areas include human rights, self-determination, armed force, trade, criminal justice, and environmental law.

Prerequisite(s): INAF 5012 and M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, or permission of the School of International Affairs.
INAF 5505 [0.5 credit]
International Law: Theory and Practice

Theoretical perspectives on international law and the role international law plays in the international system. Topics include basis, creation and sources of international law, international dispute resolution, and international law and world order transformation.

Also listed as LAWS 5603. 
INAF 5506 [0.5 credit]
International Law: Use of Force

How legal constraints govern the use of force in international relations. Topics include legal options available to states and the international community, the use of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, peacekeeping, and humanitarian intervention.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (taken in 2003).
INAF 5507 [0.5 credit]
International Economic Law: Regulation of Trade and Investment
Study of regulation of international economic relations. International institutions, legal aspects of integration, governmental regulation of trade and investment.

Also listed as LAWS 5200.
Prerequisite(s): open only to graduate students in their master’s year who have not previously studied international economic law.
INAF 5509 [0.5 credit]
Law, Politics, and Economics in International Affairs
Linkages and differences between the disciplines of law, political science and economics as they relate to international affairs. How underlying assumptions of each discipline affect the way different issues in international affairs are considered.

Prerequisite(s): M.A./JD standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School.
INAF 5600 [0.5 credit]
Human Resource Development

The economic analysis and theory of the major areas of human development in developing areas, including demography and population, education, health, nutrition, women and development, social security, labour markets, and human resources planning.

Prerequisite(s): M.A. standing in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs or permission of the School. 
INAF 5601 [0.5 credit]
Social Theory and International Development
This seminar examines the theoretical foundations for understanding international development policy and practice. It provides a space for thinking about development as a normative ideal and about the possibility of generating alternative horizons.
INAF 5602 [0.5 credit]
Development Assistance: Theory and Practice
Economic, moral, and political arguments for development assistance, aid effectiveness; the role of bilateral and multilateral donors; aid accounting, human development and human rights; NGOs and international assistance.
INAF 5603 [0.5 credit]
Issues in Development in Africa
Analysis of structures and processes of political, social, and economic change in intertropical Africa at scales ranging from the intrahousehold and local community to the state and international system. An objective will be to integrate gender and the environment into analyses which draw on theories of political economy.
INAF 5604 [0.5 credit]
Issues in Development in Latin America

Principal developmental trends, problems, and policies in the region since 1945; the design and implementation of future alternative developmental strategies.
INAF 5605 [0.5 credit]
The Ethical Dimension of International Affairs
Critical examination of the ethical dimensions of development, global conflict, and international political economy; beliefs and values, rights and obligations, individual and state morality.
INAF 5609 [0.5 credit]
Development Project Evaluation and Analysis
Examination of social cost-benefit analysis and other micro-economic methods of project evaluation in the context of the project cycle in developing countries with emphasis on policy analysis and implementation practice, case studies of development projects, including those of non-governmental organizations.
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INAF 5612 [0.5 credit]
International Development Institutions
Structure, operations and effects of major international development institutions on international development policy and the development process. Key institutions include the World Bank, and the regional development banks, UNDP, and other public and private institutions.
INAF 5701 [0.5 credit]
Global Environmental Change: Human Implications

Global environmental change; its significance for societies, economies and international relations. Value systems underlying environmental discourse; political economy of the environment; sustainability and security. Environmental diplomacy and grassroots environmentalism. Regionalized impacts of pressures on natural environments; challenges of adaptation.

Also listed as GEOG 5005. 
INAF 5702 [0.5 credit]
International Environmental Affairs
International environmental issues, with a focus on policy options and institutions relevant to addressing these issues. Topics include the relationship between the environment and trade, investment, globalization, development and conflict.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409 (formerly 46.549U)(taken in 2002/03).
INAF 5703 [0.5 credit]
International Public Economics
The economic analysis of institutions and of factors associated with global governance, including theories of cooperation, bureaucratic behaviour, externalities, common resource and environmental problems, public goods and other economic theories for state intervention applied to the international level.
INAF 5704 [0.5 credit]
Human Security: From Policy to Practice
Human security issues including perspectives of key governmental, international and non-governmental actors. Micro-disarmament, the protection of civilians, war economies, and post-conflict security issues.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5409, section ‘W’ if taken in 2004/05 or 2005/06.
INAF 5705 [0.5 credit]
Global Social Policy

Concepts of and approaches to international social policy. Concepts of social justice, comparative welfare regimes and citizenship. Topics include social reform, changes in the public/private provision of social services, participation in social policy, poverty reduction, health and education.

Also listed as PSCI 5208. 
INAF 5706 [0.5 credit]
Global Health Policy
Global dimensions of health issues, including the relationship between health and governance, development, human rights, and security. Develop skills to examine global health challenges, such as HIV/AIDS and pandemic influenza, and to evaluate the international policy responses.
INAF 5707 [0.5 credit]
Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
The causes of humanitarian emergencies, their impact on civilians and the responses of national actors. Policy responses of the international community – including donor governments, multilateral organizations, the military and non-governmental organizations.
INAF 5709 [0.5 credit]
Human Rights: International Politics and Policies
Overview of key international human rights policies and debates. Themes include human rights and religion, development, trade, culture, and gender. Readings from applied and scholarly disciplines, focusing on the actions of governments, civil society, development agencies, international organizations and regional bodies.
INAF 5800 [0.5 credit]
Asia Pacific Economic and Political Relations

The evolving pattern of economic and political relations in the Asia-Pacific region. Topics will include security issues; trade and investment; and development cooperation; institutional arrangements, including ASEAN, APEC, AFTA, and Canada’s role in the regional affairs. 
INAF 5801 [0.5 credit]
Regional Cooperation Among Developing Countries
The discourse between traditional and Southern theorists on regional integration among developing countries. The effects of regional trade, governance, investment, security and environmental agreements on development.
INAF 5802 [0.5 credit]
The International Political Economy of Transition
Problems of reintegration into the world economy and dilemmas of transition from command to market economies. Topics may include new trade and investment patterns, role in regional and international economic organizations, search for appropriate exchange rate policies, impact of Western assistance.

Also listed as EURR 5102.
INAF 5803 [0.5 credit]
European Economic Integration
Economic issues and policies related to the process of European integration and the development of the post-World War II European Union.

Also listed as EURR 5105.
Prerequisite(s): ECON 1000.
INAF 5804 [0.5 credit]
International Relations in Europe

International relations and organizations in Europe from theoretical and historical perspectives. Origins and development of European organizations such as the European Union and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 
INAF 5805 [0.5 credit]
The EU in International Affairs
The impact of the EU on international affairs; the internal development of the EU, the evolution of integration theory, and the growth of the EU’s external relations capabilities.

Also listed as EURR 5109.
INAF 5807 [0.5 credit]
The European Union and its Eastern Neighbours
The EU’s European Neighbourhood Policy and Eastern partnership policy, the Russia-EU “strategic partnership”. Policies and reactions of non-EU East European countries toward the EU. The interaction of Member state policies and EU policies. May include attention to historical legacies, cultural factors, public opinion, energy security.
Also listed as EURR 5205.
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INAF 5901 [0.5 credit]
Tutorials in International Affairs
To be chosen in consultation with the director.
INAF 5904 [0.5 credit]
Quantitative Research Methods
A basic introduction into the theory and application of quantitative analysis, primarily applied basic econometrics for the constructions and analysis of data sets with standard software packages.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 6002.
Prerequisite(s): permission of the School.
INAF 5905 [0.5 credit]
Qualitative Research Methods and Design

Problem statements, research questions and approaches to knowledge acquisition in international affairs, focusing on policy relevance. Topics include advantages and limitations of inductive and deductive research methods, variable selection and hypothesis development, case studies and field research, data gathering, and methodology choice.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 6001.
Prerequisite(s): permission of the School.
INAF 5906 [1.0 credit]
M.A./JD Research Essay
A research essay that allows an M.A./JD. student to integrate legal and international affairs studies in an analysis of a topic of his or her choice.

Prerequisite(s): permission of the School after the submission of a satisfactory proposal and identification of a suitable supervisory team.
INAF 5908 [1.0 credit]

Research Essay
A research essay option that allows an M.A. student to apply their international affairs studies to a topic of his or her choice.

Prerequisite(s): permission of the School after the submission of a satisfactory proposal and identification of a suitable supervisory team.
INAF 5909 [2.0 credits]
M.A. Thesis
A research thesis option that allows a student in the M.A. program to combine original research with international affairs studies in an analysis of a topic of his or her choice.

Prerequisite(s): A- average in all M.A. required courses and a minimum of 3.0 full course credits, permission of the School after the submission of a satisfactory proposal and identification of a suitable supervisory team.
INAF 5913 [0.0 credit]
Co-operative Work Term

Prerequisites: registration in the Co-operative Education Option of the Master of Arts program.
INAF 5919 [2.0 credits]
M.A./JD Thesis
A research thesis option that allows a student in the M.A./JD program to combine original research with legal and international affairs studies in an analysis of a topic of his or her choice.

Prerequisite(s): A- average in all M.A. required courses and a minimum of 3.0 full course credits, permission of the School after the submission of a satisfactory proposal and identification of a suitable supervisory team.
INAF 5921 [0.5 credit]
Tutorial in International Affairs
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
 INAF 5922 [0.5 credit]
Tutorial in International Affairs
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
 INAF 5923 [0.5 credit]
Tutorial in International Affairs
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
 INAF 5924 [0.5 credit]
Tutorial in International Affairs
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
 INAF 5925 [0.5 credit]
Tutorial in International Affairs
Prerequisite: permission of the School.
INAF 6001 [0.5 credit]
Qualitative Research Methods
Problem statements, research questions and approaches to knowledge acquisition in international affairs, focusing on policy relevance. Topics include advantages and limitations of inductive and deductive research methods, variable selection and hypothesis development, case studies and field research, data gathering, and methodology choice.

Precludes additional credit in INAF 5406.
Prerequisite(s): standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6002 [0.5 credit]
Quantitative Research Methods

Basic theory and application of quantitative analysis, primarily applied basic econometrics for the construction and analysis of data sets with standard software packages.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5904.
Prerequisite(s): standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6003 [0.5 credit]
Advanced International Policy Analysis
International public policies of a number of countries, including Canada; approaches to the policy process and case studies of the formulation and evaluation of economic, political, and security policies.

Precludes additional credit for INAF 5905.
Prerequisite(s): standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6004 [0.5 credit]
Doctoral Comprehensive Examination in Policy and Research Methods
A comprehensive examination covering the policy and methods material in INAF 6001, INAF 6002, and INAF 6003.

Prerequisite(s): enrolment in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6100 [0.5 credit]
Doctoral Field Examination and Seminar in Conflict Management and Resolution
A comprehensive examination covering interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on key policy issues in security, conflict analysis, management and prevention. The material is drawn from a core reading list, the required economics and three field courses declared by the student and approved by the Ph.D. program supervisor.

Prerequisite(s): enrolment in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6200 [0.5 credit]
Doctoral Field Seminar in International Development Policy

A comprehensive examination covering interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on key policy issues in international development policy. The material is drawn from a core reading list, the required economics and three field courses declared by the student and approved by the Ph.D. Program supervisor.

Prerequisite(s): enrolment in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6300 [0.5 credit]
Doctoral Field Seminar in International Economic Policy
A comprehensive examination covering interdisciplinary and policy-oriented research on key policy issues in international development policy. The material is drawn from a core reading list, the required economics and three field courses declared by the student and approved by the Ph.D. Program supervisor.

Prerequisite(s): enrolment in the NPSIA Ph.D. program or permission of the School.
INAF 6800 [0.0 credit]
Doctoral Field Comprehensive Seminar
The seminar helps to prepare students for writing their doctoral field comprehensive examinations while exposing them to the issues and approaches across the different doctoral field.

Prerequisite(s): standing in the NPSIA Ph.D. program.
INAF 6900 [0.5 credit]
Doctoral Research Seminar and Prospectus Defence
A seminar to assist students in developing their research prospectus, and prepare for the prospectus defence. Other research issues, such as ethics clearance, scholarly articles submission and field work logistics are also addressed.  Satisfactory completion of the seminar requires the successful public defence of a research prospectus that will be the basis for the dissertation.Prerequisite(s): completion of comprehensive examinations and required courses in the NPSIA Ph.D. program.
INAF 6901 [0.5 credit]
Research Prospectus Defence
Public defence of a research prospectus that will be the basis for the dissertation.

Prerequisite(s): completion of INAF 6900. 
INAF 6909 [4.5 credits]
Doctoral Research Thesis

The doctoral dissertation, normally supervised by faculty in the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs with the possibility of supervision from faculty in other social sciences departments, schools, and institutes.

Prerequisite(s): completion of all other Ph.D. program requirements in the NPSIA Ph.D. program.
 INAF 6921 [0.5 credit]
Ph.D. Tutorial in International Affairs
Tutorials or reading courses on selected topics may be arranged with the permission of the supervisor of graduate studies and the approval of the supervising faculty member.
INAF 6922 [0.5 credit]
Ph.D. Tutorial in International Affairs
Tutorials or reading courses on selected topics may be arranged with the permission of the supervisor of graduate studies and the approval of the supervising faculty member.
INAF 6923 [0.5 credit]
Ph.D. Tutorial in International Affairs
Tutorials or reading courses on selected topics may be arranged with the permission of the supervisor of graduate studies and the approval of the supervising faculty member.
INAF 6924 [0.5 credit]
Ph.D. Tutorial in International Affairs
Tutorials or reading courses on selected topics may be arranged with the permission of the supervisor of graduate studies and the approval of the supervising faculty member.
INAF 6925 [0.5 credit]
Ph.D. Tutorial in International Affairs
Tutorials or reading courses on selected topics may be arranged with the permission of the supervisor of graduate studies and the approval of the supervising faculty member.
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