The program requirements for the M.A. program are completion of 5.0 credits. Students will complete the 5.0 credit program by Course Work Option, Research Essay Option or Thesis Option. All three options will allow students to complete one or more co-op terms and/or complete an international exchange. For further details, please speak to the MA Graduate Administrator.


  1. Students who wish to obtain the Field designation are required to complete 1.5 credits of field courses and their required economics field course if they choose the coursework option. For students in the IEP field both INAF 5308 and INAF 5309 must be completed in order to receive the field designation. If students choose to complete by Research Essay or Thesis, 0.5 credit  will be applied towards the field designation. Students in the African Studies Specialization, the Research Essay  or Thesis must cover both their field and the African studies component.
  2. For elective courses, 1.5 credits of the total required 5.0 credits may be selected from courses offered in other departments, with a maximum of 1.0 credit from a single department and a maximum of 1.0 credit selected from fourth year undergraduate courses. Any course not identified as an INAF 5000-level course must be approved by the M.A. Program Supervisor.
  3. Students must successfully complete an examination in second language proficiency administered by Carleton University’s School of Linguistics and Language Studies, or meet the equivalent standard as determined by the School of Linguistics and Language Studies. There is an administrative fee for the standard test (provides a certificate of language proficiency). Students are strongly encouraged to take the opportunity to improve their language skills during their studies, including during their summer terms. Details of the language requirement are provided on the School website.