General Readings and References
Please also visit the Heritage Conservation Symposium website
The following is a compendium of key references in the heritage conservation field, with a particular focus on its development and evolution in Canada. The references may be understood to constitute the core elements of a professional’s heritage conservation library. Every working professional in this field should be familiar with most or all these sources at some level.
This list as also used as the base for constructing reading lists for courses in the heritage conservation programme in the School of Indigenous and Canadian Studies.
Any prospective student thinking about entering the heritage conservation programme of instruction at the Carleton School of Indigenous and Canadian Studies will find this list useful for consultation; equally all those working within the programme and the field will find it of great benefit.
This list is never complete, and never a perfect reflection of changing circumstances and needs in the field, and undoubtedly also reflects the author’s personal biases and limitations. However, it is reviewed and updated on a regular basis to achieve the best balance possible for current and incoming students.
Current version: July 2010, Herb Stovel.
Key references among those entered on the list, are shown in bold.
- History And Background
Choay, Francoise L’allegorie du patrimoine. Paris. 1992. (Published in English in 2004 as The Invention of the Historical Monument)
Erder, Cevat. Our Architectural Heritage: from Consciousness to Conservation. UNESCO, Museums and Monuments XX. 1986.
Fawcett, Jane (ed.) The Future of the Past. NY. 1976.
Jokilehto,Jukka. A History of Architectural Conservation. Bath, UK. 1999.
Marston-Fitch, James Historic Preservation: The Curatorial Management of the Built Environment. USA. 1982.
Mason, Randall, and Page, Max. eds., Giving Preservation a History: Histories of Historic Preservation in the United States Routledge, 2004.
Murtaugh, William J. Keeping Time: The History and Theory of Preservation in America., 2006 Hoboken, NJ. 249 pages.
Stipe, Robert (ed.). A Richer Heritage: Historic Preservation in the Twenty-First Century. North Carolina. 2003
Stubbs, John H. Time Honored: A Global View of Architectural Conservation John Wiley and Sons, 2008.
- Ways Of Looking
Brand, Stewart. How Buildings Learn: What Happens After They’re Built. New York. 1995
Clay, Grady How to Read the City Chicago 1973.
Hiss, Tony The Experience of Place New York 1999.
Hoskins, W. G. The Making of the English Landscape London 1955. (Revised edition 1988 with additional material by Christopher Taylor)
Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Vintage Press. 1962.
Jacobs, Jane. The Economy of Cities. Vintage Press. 1970.
Jacobs, Jane. Cities and the Wealth of Nations. Vintage Press. 1985.
Liebs, Chester From Main Street to Miracle Mile: American Roadside Architecture Boston 1988.
Longstreth, Richard (ed.) «Cultural Landscapes: Balancing Nature and Heritage in Preservation Practice». University of Minnesota press. 2008.
Lowenthal, David, The Past is a Foreign Country. Cambridge, New York. 1985.
Lowenthal, David Possessed by the Past: The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History. New York. 1996.
Lowenthal, David and Binney, Marcus (editors). Our Past Before Us: Why Do We Save It? Great Britain. 1981.
Lynch, Kevin The Image of the City Boston 1960.
Kunstler, H. The Geography of Nowhere: The Rise and Decline of America`s Man-made Landscape. New York. 1993.
Meinig, D.W. (ed.), The Interpretation of Ordinary Landscapes Oxford 1979.
Schama, Simon Landscape and Memory Toronto/ New York 1995.
Whyte, William H. The Last Landscape Pennsylvania rev. 2002
- Doctrine, Theory, Principles, Ways Of Thinking
——————. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology: Vol. XXXIX No. 2-3, 2008. Special theme edition on Authenticity (including 9 up to date articles on authenticity Stovel (below) and Cameron, C., «From Warsaw to Mostar: World Heritage Committee debates on authenticity»
Avrami, E., Mason, R., de la Torre, Marta. Values and Heritage Conservation: a Research Report. GCI. Los Angeles. 2000.
Clark, Kate. ed., Capturing the Public Value of Heritage: the Proceedings of the London Conference. English Heritage, 2006).
De la Torre, Marta, (ed.), Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage: a Research Report. GCI. Los Angeles. 2002.
ICOMOS, «The Venice Charter/ La Charte de Venise» Proceedings of 40th anniversary meeting, Hungary, May 22-27, 2004. ICOMOS Monuments and Sites XI. 221 pages. 2005.
INTBAU, «The Venice Charter Revisited: Modernism & Conservation in the Postwar World». 2009.
Jokilehto, Jukka, with contributions from Cristina Cameron, Michel Parent and Michael Petzet. «Defining the Outstanding Universal Value of Cultural World Heritage Properties» ICOMOS. 111 pages. 2008.
Larsen, K. E.(editor) with J. Jokilehto, R. Lemaire, K. Masuda, N. Marstein and H. Stovel.(editorial group), Nara Conference on Authenticity in relation to the World Heritage Convention. Proceedings, Nara , Japan, Nov. 1-6, 1994. UNESCO World Heritage Centre – ICCROM – ICOMOS, 1995. Oslo, Norway, 1994.
Mason, Randall. “Theoretical and Practical Arguments for Values-Centered Preservation.” CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship 3.2 – 2006.
Reigl, Aloïs. The Modern Cult of Monuments. 1903 (Le culte moderne des monuments, french translation. Jacques Boulet Harmattan, 2003).
Semes, Steven W. «The Future of the Past: A Conservation Ethic for Architecture, Urbanism, and Historic Preservation». Oct. 2009.
Stanley Price, Nicholas, Talley, M. Kirby Jr., Vaccarro, A. M. Historical and Philosophical Issues in the Conservation of Cultural Heritage. Getty Conservation Institute. Los Angeles 1996.
Stovel, Herb. Origins and Influence of the Nara Document on Authenticity. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology: Vol. XXXIX No. 2-3, 2008. pp. 9-18. Special theme edition on Authenticity.
Stovel, Herb. Effective use of authenticity and integrity as World Heritage qualifying conditions. City and Time (electronic journal). Vol. 2, No. 3, 2007. Paper available at: http://www.ct.ceci-br.org/novo/revista/ This paper was originally prepared for the ICOMOS Theory Committee Conference held in Florence March 1-4, 2007 and titled “Authenticity, integrity and “outstanding universal value” – the four “c”s – connections, conundrums, and confusion on the way to conservation”.
Stovel, Herb. «The Development of Restoration Charters» (1983) published by Heritage Canada for inclusion in their Technical Dossier Series on Restoration Philosophy, later adapted and revised as “Introduction to Charters and Conventions” pp. 3-6, in The Catalog of Charters and Other Guides, by François Leblanc (ed.), Quebec City: ICOMOS Canada, 1991
Tschudi-Madsen, Stefan, Restoration and Anti-restoration. Oslo. 1982.
- Approaches, Conservation And Management
De la Torre, Marta, ed., Authors: de la Torre, Marta MacLean, Margaret G. H., Mason, Randall, and Myers, David. Heritage Values in Site Management: Four Case Studies Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles. 2005. 230 pages.
Denhez, Marc, and Dennis, Stephen. «Legal & Financial Aspects of Architectural Conservation» The Smolenice Castle Conference Central Europe.. 208 pages. 1997.
Feilden, B.M., Jokilehto, J., Management Guidelines for World Cultural Heritage Sites. ICCROM. Rev. 2005.
National Main Street Centre, National Trust for Historic Preservation «Revitalizing Main Street: A Practitioner’s Guide to Comprehensive Commercial District Revitalization», 2009.
Matero, Frank, and Teutonico, Jeanne-Marie Managing Change: Sustainable Approaches to the Conservation of the Built Environment Getty Conservation Institute 2001.
Matero, Frank, and Weaver, Martin E. Conserving Buildings: Guide to Techniques and Materials 1993, rev. New York: Preservation Press, 1997).
Ost, Christian, Van Droogenbroeck, «Report on Economics of Conservation. Centre for Economic Research». SIEGE ICHEC Brussels Business Schools. 123 pages. ICOMOS 1998.
Rodwell, Dennis. Conservation and Sustainability in Historic Cities. 260 pages. Oxford, U.K., 2007.
Stovel, Herb. Risk Preparedness: A Management Manual for World Cultural Heritage Rome: ICCROM, 1998. 145 pages.
Stovel, Herb. Safeguarding historic urban ensembles in a time of change: A Management Guide Quebec City: Parks Canada, 1991. (Also published in Spanish, La Conservacion de los conjuntos historicos urbanos en periodico de evolucion una guia de ggestion and in French, La sauvegarde des ensembles historiques urbains en période d’évolution : un guide de gestion.)
Stovel, Herb (ed.) with Dr. Nicholas Stanley-Price and Robert Killick. Conservation of Living Religious Heritage Rome: ICCROM 2005. (A peer reviewed book of papers from the ICCROM international workshop, “Living Religious Heritage: Conserving the Sacred” held by ICCROM in Rome 20-22 October 2003).
Stovel, Herb (ed.) (with the assistance of Marc Hockings for articles on natural heritage). Monitoring World Heritage. World Heritage Papers 10 Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2004. (Proceedings of workshop held in Vicenza, Italy, 11-12 November, 2002, within UNESCO World Heritage Convention 30th anniversary conference “World Heritage: Shared Legacy, Common Responsibility”, Venice, 13-16 November 2002).
Stratton, Michael (ed.) . Structure and Style: Conserving 20th century buildings. Oxford, 1997
Teutonico, Jeanne Marie, Matero, Frank. Managing Change: Sustainable Approaches to the Conservation of the Built Environment, GCI, 2001.
Tilden, Freeman. Interpreting Our Heritage Chapel Hill, N.C., USA. 1977. (Third edition).
Tunbridge, J. E., and Ashworth, J. G., Dissonant heritage: the management of the past as a source of conflict. Chichester, N. Y., 1996.
- Articles And Books On Conservation In Canada
Cameron, Christina. “Heritage Conservation, Rehabilitation and Urban Revitalization: an international perspective” World Planners Forum, Vancouver, June 17. 2006. 18 April 2008. http://www.patrimoinebati.umontreal.ca/pdf/vancouver%20text.short.pdf
Cameron, Christina. The Spirit of Place: The Physical memory of Canada. Journal of Canadian Studies/ Revue d’etudes canadiennes 25 (1): 77-94. 2000.
Cameron C. Commemoration: A Moving Target? The Place of History: Commemorating Canada’s Past (Ottawa: The Royal Society of Canada, 1997), 27-39.
Denhez, Marc. “The Heritage Strategy Planning Handbook”. Dundurn. 72 pages. 1997.
Denhez, Marc The Heritage of Heritage Policy Lecture given at Carleton U. Feb. 5, 2008.
Falkner, Ann. Without Our Past? A Handbook for the Preservation of Canada’s
Architectural Heritage .University of Toronto Press, 1977.
Fram, Mark. Well-Preserved: The Ontario Heritage Foundation’s Manual of Principles and Practice for Architectural Conservation Erin: Boston Mills Press, 1988, rev. 1992, 2003.
Holdsworth, Deryck (ed.) . Reviving Main Street. University of Toronto Press, 1985.
Kalman, Harold. The Evaluation of Historic Buildings Parks Canada, 1980.
Kerr, Alastair. “Considerations for a Values-Based Approach to Heritage Conservation within Canada.” Paper given at the 20th anniversary of the inscription of Oaxaca and Monte Alban (Mexico) on the World Heritage List. Dec. 2007.
Ontario Heritage Foundation. Ontario’s Heritage : A celebration of conservation. Ontario Heritage Foundation 1997 ed. Paul Bator . 208 pages.
McIlraith, Thomas E., Looking for Old Ontario: Two centuries of Landscape Change. U. of Toronto Press. 1997.
Osborne, Brian. From patriotic pines to diasporic geese: Emplacing culture, setting our sights, locating identity in a transnational Canada. Canadian Journal of Communications, Vol. 31, 147-175. 2006.
Osborne, B.S., “Landscapes, Memory, Monuments, and Commemoration:
Putting Identity in its Place,” Canadian Ethnic Studies, Vol. XXXIII,
No. 3, 39-77. 2001.
Pannekoek, Frits. “Canada’s Historic Sites: reflections on the last 5 years 1999-2004”. University of Calgary, March 2004, 1-38.
Parks Canada Agency, National Historic Sites of Canada System Plan, 2002.
Parks Canada Agency. Guidelines for the Preparation of Commemorative Integrity Statements Revised 16/10/95.
Parks Canada Agency. Nomination document prepared for the Rideau Canal. 2005. (Can be downloaded from the Parks Canada web site).
Stovel, Herb, editor and principal author, with Nick Adams, Barbara Humphreys, David Jacques, Jim Mountain, Meryl Oliver and Rob Snetzinger. The Rideau Canal Corridor Cultural Landscape Conservation Study, Ottawa: Parks Canada, 1998, 406 pages. (Published by Parks Canada in CD format.)
Stovel, H. Authenticity in Canadian conservation practice, paper read at US-ICOMOS Interamerican Symposium on Authenticity in the Conservation and Management of the Cultural Heritage, San Antonio, 1996, and subsequently maintained on US ICOMOS web site.
Stovel, Herb. “Canadian Approaches to Heritage Conservation” in proceedings of the 10th ICOMOS General Assembly, Colombo, Sri Lanka (1993). Pages 8-15. ICOMOS. 1996.
Stovel, Herb (translated into French by Hélène Deslauriers) Appropriate Design on Main Street . The Heritage Canada Foundation, 1989.
Stovel, Herb “Defining the Canadian Cultural Identity” in ICOMOS 1984. Proceedings of ICOMOS Scientific Symposium and Seventh General Assembly, Rostock, East Germany. May 1984. Paris: ICOMOS, 1985.
Symons, Thomas H. B., OC, FRSC (ed.) The Place of History: Commemorating Canada’s Past. Proceedings of the National Symposium held on the Occasion of the 75th Anniversary of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, 1997.
Taylor, C.J., Negotiating the Past: the making of Canada’s national historic parks and sites. Montreal 1990.
Wiebe, Christopher. “The Quest for a Heritage Conservation Ethic in Canada”. MA Research Essay, Carleton University, School of Indigenous and Canadian Studies. August 15, 2008.
Wiebe, Christopher. “Lost Capital: An Edmonton Warehouse Holds a Valuable
Lesson About Downtown Revitalization.” Alberta Views Jan/Feb 2002: 34-40.
- National Charters, Compilations Of International Charters And Doctrinal Texts
Historic Scotland. (Bell, Dorothy) The Historic Scotland Guide to International Conservation Charters. (This is an annotated guide to the charters). 1994.
UNESCO, ICOMOS, US ICOMOS and ICOMOS Canada (and others) have all produced compilations of charters and doctrinal texts, and also placed these on their web sites.
Examples of compilations:
UNESCO. UNESCO Conventions and Recommendations for the Protection of Cultural Heritage 1983 rev. 1987. Now largely supplanted by web based materials
ICOMOS Canada. Preserving our Heritage: A catalogue of charters and other guides. 1990.
US ICOMOS. ICOMOS Charters and other International Doctrinal Documents US/ ICOMOS Scientific Journal, Vol. 1, Number 1, 1999.
Australia ICOMOS (Meredith Sykes). The Illustrated Burra Charter. Most recent version published in 2004.
Parks Canada Historic Places Initiative. Standards for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada, with Guidelines for Preserving, Rehabilitating, and Restoring Historic Landscapes, Buildings, Engineering Works, , and Archaeological Sites. 2003.
Stovel, Herb assisted by Julian Smith. FHBRO (Federal Heritage Building Review Office) Code of Practice Ottawa: Public Works Canada, 1993; revised edition, 1996. 49 pages (Also published in French: Code de pratique du Bureau d’examen des édifices fédéraux du patrimoine (BEEFP).)
- Important Websites
Government of Ontario – Ministry of Culture
(Ontario Heritage Tool Kit)
The Ontario Heritage Tool Kit is a series of guides that explain different aspects the Ontario Heritage Act, the Planning Act, the Historic Places Initiative, and related programs.
It is designed to help municipal Councils, municipal staff, Municipal Heritage Committees, land use planners, heritage professionals, heritage organizations, property owners, and others understand the heritage conservation process in Ontario.
YOUR COMMUNITY, YOUR HERITAGE, YOUR COMMITTEE
A Guide to Establishing and Sustaining an Effective Municipal Heritage Committee
HERITAGE PROPERTY EVALUATION
A Guide to Listing, Researching and Evaluating Cultural Heritage Property in Ontario Communities
DESIGNATING HERITAGE PROPERTIES
A Guide to Municipal Designation of Individual Properties Under the Ontario Heritage Act
HERITAGE CONSERVATION DISTRICTS
A Guide to District Designation Under the Ontario Heritage Act
HERITAGE RESOURCES IN THE LAND USE PLANNING PROCESS
Cultural Heritage and Archaeology Policies of the Ontario Provincial Policy Statement, 2005
Ontario Heritage Connection:
MISSION: to serve as a tool for the exchange of information about Ontario’s culture, history, built and natural heritage, archaeology and the environment.
Built Heritage News
Built Heritage News is an e-newsletter published by Catherine Nasmith Architect to provide information and communication for those interested in our built heritage, past and future. It is distributed free of charge every two weeks by email. Between issues material is posted regularly, both by the editor and by subscribers.
Council of Heritage Organizations Ottawa
There is a long list of local heritage web sites available here, including all local museums
(The Heritage Canada Foundation)
Has an extensive set of links to international, national, provincial, local (municipal) web sites.
City of Ottawa – heritage
Example: City of Ottawa LACAC – meeting Sept. 17, 2009
APT (Association for Preservation Technology)
University of Waterloo
Canadian Built Heritage Database, Heritage Resource Centre
University of Montreal
University of Montreal Canada Research Chair – Conservation of the Built Environment
2009 Round Table Proceedings on-line
Conserving Historic Places: Canadian approaches 1950-2000
2008 Round Table Proceedings on-line
World Heritage: defining and protecting ” Important Views ”
2007 Round Table Proceedings on-line
Two UNESCO Conventions on Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage
2006 Round Table Proceedings on-line
Heritage and the Conservation of Historic Urban Landscapes: the Vienna Memorandum
INTBAU is a world wide organisation dedicated to the support of traditional building, the maintenance of local character and the creation of better places to live. We are creating an active network of individuals and institutions who design, make, maintain, study or enjoy traditional building, architecture and places.
UNESCO World Heritage
- Conservation Journals
The evolving path of thinking in practice is well worth trace in the field’s professional journals. The following are the principal journals. :
- ICOMOS’ reviews, variously known over time as Monumentum, Information, Scientific Journal, Monuments and Sites (current series)
- APT Bulletin (Journal of the Association for Preservation Technology) – from 1967 on
- CRM Bulletin (National Park Service – USA)
- ICOMOS Canada – Momentum (not to be confused with Monumentum) and Bulletin – from mid 80s on
- Le Conseil des monuments et sites du Québec – Continuité – from 1986 on
- Society for Study of Architecture in Canada – SSAC Bulletin – 1976 on
- Heritage Canada Foundation’s magazine from 1973 on – of particular note, all the editorials by Jacques Dalibard in the 80s and early 90s.
- Journal of Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites. (CMAS)
- Journal of Architectural Conservation
- City and Time (electronic journal, based in Brazil, Federal University of Pernambuco)
- Future Anterior (Columbia University Historic Preservation Programme)
- International Journal of Cultural Property
- International Journal of Heritage Studies
- Journal of Cultural Heritage.
- Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development
- Journal of Canadian Studies