Google Scholar – Shawn Kenny

Note: Names in boldface font are Highly Qualified Personnel (HQP) including graduate students and post-doctoral fellows

Invited Presentations

  1. Kenny, S. (2020). 2020 OGRA Conference – Vision for a Prosperous Tomorrow, “Workshop: The State of Infrastructure – Climate Change Effects on Asset Performance and Service Delivery”, February 23-26, Toronto Canada. Invited workshop presentation on climate change effects on core civil infrastructure. 2020 OGRA – Kenny (2020 02 25), doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22667.23846.

Book Chapters (3 Published)

  1. Kenny, S. (2017). “Offshore Pipelines – Elements of Managing Risk.” Chapter 8, In Methods in Chemical Process Safety: Volume 2, F. Khan and R. Abbassi Editors, Academic Press, eBook ISBN 9780128140284, ISBN 9780128140277, pp.289-325, doi: 10.1016/bs.mcps.2018.04.005.
  2. Kenny, S. and Jukes, P. (2017). “Polar and Arctic Technology.” In Offshore Section C, Chapter 13, Encyclopedia of Marine and Offshore Engineering; J. Carlton, P. Jukes and Y.S. Choo Editors, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., ISBN 978-1118476406, 21p., doi: 10.1002/9781118476406.
  3. Kenny, S. and Jukes, P. (2015). “Pipeline/Soil Interaction Modelling in Support of Pipeline Engineering Design and Integrity”. In Oil and Gas Pipelines: Integrity and Safety Handbook, R.W. Revie Editor, ISBN 978-1-118-21671-2, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 93p.

Journals Under Review (1 In Review)

  1. Ebrahimi, A., Mohammadi, M. and Kenny, S. (2020). “Failure Mechanisms of Equal and Unequal Wall Thickness Hybrid Maraging Steel-P20 Tubular Joints: Effects of Welding Residual Stresses”, J. OMAE-19-1042.

Journals (26 Published)

  1. Nakhostin, E., Kenny, S. and Sivathayalan, S. (2020). “Performance assessment of buried corrugated metal culverts subject to service loads.” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Invited publication, doi: 10.1139/cjce-2019-0316.
  2. Kenny, S. (2019). “Asset Management of Linear Civil Infrastructure – Through the Lens of a Changing Climate.” J. Cur Trends Civil & Struct Eng., 2(3), CTCSE.MS.ID.000537, 6p.
  3. Oliver, P., Samson, C. and Kenny, S. (2019). “Systematic preparation and processing of interferometric SAR data for monitoring linear transportation infrastructure.” J. of Applied Remote Sensing, 13(2), doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.13.024504
  4. Roy, K., Hawlader, B.C., Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2018). “Upward pipe-soil interaction for shallowly buried pipelines in dense sand.” J. Geo. Geoenv. Eng., 144(11): 04018078, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001957.
  5. Roy, K., Hawlader, B.C., Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2018). “Uplift failure mechanism of pipes buried in dense sand.” Int. J. Geomech, 18(8): 04018087, doi: 1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0001226.
  6. Roy, K., Hawlader, B.C., Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2018). “Lateral resistance of pipes and strip anchors buried in dense sand.” CGJ-2017-0492, 55(12):1812-1823, doi: 1139/cgj-2017-0492.
  7. Ebrahimi, A., Kenny, S. and Hussein, A. (2018). “Finite Element Investigation on the Tensile Armour Wire Response of Flexible Pipe for Axisymmetric Loading Conditions Using an Implicit Solver.” J. OMAE-15-1067, 140(4): 041402, doi: 10.1115/1.4039132.
  8. Fatemi, A. and Kenny, S. (2017). “Parameters affecting local buckling response of high strength linepipe.” J. OMAE-15-1119, 139(3):15p., doi: 10.1115/1.4035995.
  9. Pike, K., and Kenny, S (2016). “Offshore pipelines and ice gouge geohazards: Comparative performance assessment of decoupled structural and coupled continuum models”. Can. Geo. J., Invited publication for special issue, 53(11):1866-1881, doi: 10.1139/cgj-2016-0090.
  10. Ebrahimi, A., Kenny, S. and Hussein, A. (2016). “Radial buckling of tensile armour wires in subsea flexible pipe – Numerical assessment of key factors.” J. OMAE-15-1039, 138(3):8p., doi: 10.1115/1.4032894.
  11. Ebrahimi, A., Kenny, S. and Hussein, A. (2015). “Finite element modelling of flexible pipe: Challenges and solutions.” J. Pipeline Eng., 14(4):275-287.
  12. Roy, K., Hawlader, B., Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2015). “Finite element modeling of lateral pipeline-soil interactions in dense sand.” Can. Geo. J., 53(3): 490-504, doi: 10.1139/cgj-2015-0171
  13. Brazil, N., Rideout, G., Nakhla, S. and Kenny, S. (2015). “Dynamic analysis of a deployable oil dispersant system towards UAV technology.” Int. J. Unmanned Sys. Eng., 3(3):21-30, doi: 10.14323/ijuseng.2015.10.
  14. Pike, K., Kenny, S., and Hawlader, B. (2014). “Numerical and constitutive model development to aid design against pipeline geohazards.” J. Pipeline Eng., 13(3):201-209.
  15. Mahdavi, H., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2013). “Significance of geotechnical loads on local buckling response of buried pipelines with respect to conventional practice.” Can. Geo. J.; 50(1):68-80. doi: 10.1139/cgj-2011-0423.
  16. Hasan, S.M., Khan, F. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Probabilistic transgranular SCC analysis for oil and gas pipelines.” J. PVT-11-1187, 134(5):9p. doi: 10.1115/1.4006125.
  17. Hasan, S., Khan, F. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Probability assessment of burst limit state due to internal corrosion.” J. PVT, 89:48-58. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2011.09.005.
  18. Hasan, M., Khan, F. and Kenny, S. (2011). “Identification of the cause of variability of probability of failure for different codes and standards.” J. PVT, 133(4), 9p. doi: 10.1115/1.4002862.
  19. Daiyan, N., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2011). “Investigating pipeline/soil interaction under axial/lateral relative movements in sand.” Can. Geotech. J., 48(11):1683-1695. doi: 10.1139/t11-061.
  20. Al-Showaiter, A., Taheri, F. and Kenny, S. (2011). “Effect of misalignment and weld induced residual stresses on the local buckling response of pipelines.” J. PVT, 133(4). doi: 10.1115/1.4002858
  21. Nobahar, A., and Kenny, S. (2007). “Analysis and design of buried pipeline for displacement controlled hazards: A probabilistic approach”. J. OMAE. Vol.129, pp.219 228. doi: 10.1115/1.2426989
  22. Nobahar, A., Kenny, S. and Phillips, R. (2007). “Buried pipelines subject to subgouge deformations.” Int. J. Geomechanics 7(3), pp.206-216. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1532-3641(2007)7:3(206).
  23. Kenny, S., Taheri, F. and Pegg, N. (2002). “Experimental investigations on the dynamic plastic buckling of a slender beam subject to axial impact.” Intl. J. Impact Eng., 27(1), pp.1-17. doi: 10.1016/S0734-743X(01)00026-4.
  24. Kenny, S., Pegg, N. and Taheri, F. (2002). “Dynamic elastic buckling of a slender beam with geometric imperfections subject to an axial impulse.” J. Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, 35(3), pp.227-246. doi: 10.1016/S0168-874X(99)00067-0.
  25. Kenny, S., Pegg, N. and Taheri, F. (2002). “Finite element investigations on the dynamic plastic buckling of a slender beam subject to axial impact”. Intl. J. Impact Eng., 27(2), Feb., pp.179-195. doi: 10.1016/S0734-743X(01)00048-3.
  26. Meaney, R., Kenny, S. and Sinha, N.K. (1992). “Medium-scale ice/structure interaction: failure zone characterization.” Musk-Ox, 39:24-30.

Conferences (81 Published; 0 In Review)

  1. He, X. and Kenny, S. (2019). “Mechanical performance of a pressure pipe CIPP liner with stress concentration effects associated with local defects.” Proc., ASCE UESI Pipelines Conference.
  2. Nakhostin, E., Kenny, S. and Sivathaylan, S. (2019). “Buried corrugated steel culvert failure mechanisms due to environmental deteriorations.” Proc., ASCE ICSI, Los Angeles, CA USA, 12p.
  3. Kenny, S., Dupré, K. and McEvoy, A. (2019). “Asset management of rural Ontario core infrastructure – Drivers and barriers associated with climate change considerations.” Proc., CSCE Conference, CSCE GEN090:10p., Laval, QC, Canada. 2019 Kenny CSCE GEN090
  4. Dupré, K., Kenny, S. and McEvoy, A. (2019). “Individual perceptions and climate change initiatives.” International Convention of Psychological Science (ICPS), #21361, Paris, France. 2019 Dupré APS
  5. McEvoy, A., Dupré, K, & Kenny, S. (2018). “Rural community perceptions of climate change.” Symposium: The Who, What, and How of Responses to Climate Change, Division 34: Society for Environmental, Population and Conservation Psychology, American Psychology Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA USA. 2018 McEvoy APA Abstract
  6. Kenny, S., Dupré, K. and McEvoy, A. (2018). “Climate change considerations within the asset management of core infrastructure for rural Ontario municipalities – An initial assessment.” Proc., CSCE-GC126:10p., Fredericton, NB Canada. 2018 Kenny CSCE-GC126
  7. Ebrahimi, A., Kenny, S. and Mohammadi, M. (2018). “On bending performance of additively manufactured Steel Catenary Riser (SCR) – Effect of welding residual stress on bending strain capacity.” Proc., OMAE-77055:8p.
  8. Nakhostin, E., Kenny, S. and Sivathayalan, S. (2017). “Examination of buried corrugated metal culvert failure mechanisms using finite elements methods.” Proc., GeoOttawa-447:8p, Ottawa, ON Canada.
  9. McDonald, R.P., Van Geel, P.J. and Kenny, S. (2017). “Predicting the mechanical behaviour of solid waste using numerical methods in landfill applications.” Proc., GeoOttawa-599:8p., Ottawa, ON Canada
  10. Marcotte, G., Kenny, S. and Sivathayalan, S. (2017). “Centrifuge modeling of lateral-axial oblique loading on buried pipelines in cohesionless soil.” Proc., GeoOttawa-428:8p., Ottawa, ON Canada
  11. Roy, K., Hawlader, B., Kenny, S. and Moore, I.D. (2016). “A comparative study between lateral and upward anchor-soil and pipe-soil interaction in dense sand.” Proc., IPC2016-64546:7p., Calgary, AB Canada.
  12. Kenny, S., Gordon, R. and Swank, G. (2016). “Alternative compressive strain capacity performance limits for strain based design applications.” Proc., IPC2016-64578:10p.
  13. Huo, X., Kenny, S., and Hussein, A. (2016). “Evaluation of back-bevel and counterbore-taper unequal wall thickness transition joint designs.” Proc., IPC2016-64390:12p.
  14. Roy, K., Hawlader, B., and Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2016). “Finite element analysis of strip anchors buried in dense sand subjected to lateral loading.” Proc., ISOPE-I-16-463:6p.
  15. Kenny, S., Debnath, P., Pike, K., and Hawlader, B. (2015). “Integrated framework in support of pipeline engineering design for geohazards.” Proc., GEOQuébec-749:8p.
  16. Roy, K., Hawlader, B., and Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2015). “Soil failure mechanism for lateral and upward pipeline-soil interaction analysis in dense sand.” Proc., GEOQuébec-334:9p.
  17. Roy, K.S., Hawlader B.C., Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2015). “Effects of post-peak softening behavior of dense sand on lateral and upward displacement of buried pipelines.” Proc., OMAE-42138:10p.
  18. Ebrahimi, A., Kenny, S. and Hussein, A. (2015). “Parameters influencing the radial instability and birdcaging mechanism for subsea flexible pipe.”, ISOPE-I-15-211:21-26.
  19. Huo, X., Kenny, S. and Martens, M. (2014). “Mechanical integrity evaluation of unequal wall thickness transition joints in transmission pipelines.” Proc., IPC-33141:9p.
  20. Brazil, N., Nakhla, S. and Kenny, S. (2014). “Deployable oil dispersant system for fixed wing aircraft.” Proc., OCEANS, 9p.
  21. Kenny, S., Kazemi, K., Wang, J., Jodoin, T., and Goldak, J. (2014). “Strain based design of pipeline girth welds.” Proc., CanWeld – IIW Congress, 16p.
  22. Hanif, W., and Kenny, S. (2014). “Mechanical damage and fatigue assessment of dented pipelines using FEA.” Proc., IPC-33445:10p.
  23. Brazil, N., Nakhla, S. and Kenny, S. (2014). “Dynamic analysis of a deployable oil dispersant system for fixed wing aircraft.” Proc., IAEC, 10p.
  24. Roy, K.S., Hawlader B.C., Kenny, S. and Moore, I. (2014). “Finite element modeling of uplift pipeline/soil interaction in dense sand.” Geohazards6:8p.
  25. Pike, K., Kenny, S., Hawlader, B. and Moore, I. (2014). “Effects of geohazards on energy pipelines: Technology framework supporting engineering design and emerging tools.” Proc., Geohazards6:10p.
  26. Cooke, N. and Kenny, S. (2014). “Comparative study on the collapse response of flexible pipe using finite element methods.” Proc., OMAE-23306:10p.
  27. Dawood, A. and Kenny, S. (2014). “A parametric study on the influence of imperfections on pipe mechanical response during bending in reel-lay installation using finite element methods.” Proc., OMAE-24250:9p.
  28. Roy, K.S., Hawlader, B.C. and Kenny, S. (2014). “Influence of low confining pressure in modeling of lateral pipeline/soil interaction in dense sand.” Proc., OMAE-24601:9p.
  29. Haq, M. and Kenny, S. (2014). “Assessment of parameters influencing lateral buckling of deep subsea pipe-in-pipe system using finite element modeling.” Proc., OMAE-23731:12p.
  30. Bakhtyar, F. and Kenny, S. (2014). “Development of a fatigue life assessment tool for pipelines with local wrinkling through physical testing and numerical modeling.” Proc., OMAE-24082:10p.
  31. Hanif, W. and Kenny, S. (2013). “Mechanical integrity and defect of offshore pipeline systems using finite element modelling.” Proc., Pipeline Technology Conference.
  32. Haq, M. and Kenny, S. (2013). “Lateral buckling response of subsea HTHP pipelines using finite element methods.” Proc., OMAE2013-10585:8p.
  33. Dawood, A. and Kenny, S. (2013). “Finite element method simulating the pipeline mechanical response during reel-lay installation.” Proc., OMAE2013-10555:7p.
  34. Burden, J., Kenny, S. and Phillips, R. (2013). “Preliminary analysis of ice interaction with subsea infrastructure and the seabed.” Proc., POAC13-085:10p.
  35. Bakhtyar, F. and Kenny, S. (2013). “Development of a fatigue life assessment tool for pipelines with local wrinkles.” Proc., OMAE2013-10556:9p.
  36. Hanif, W. and Kenny, S. (2013). “Assessment of parameters influencing mechanical response of constrained and unconstrained dents using finite element modeling.” Proc., OMAE2013-10762:10p.
  37. Pike, K. Kenny, S. and Hawlader, B. (2013). “Advanced analysis of pipe/soil interaction accounting for strain localization.” Proc., CSCE GeoMontreal-305:6p.
  38. Fatemi, A. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Ovality of high-strength linepipes subject to combined loads.” Proc., ATC, OTC-23783, 11p.
  39. Pike, K. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Numerical pipe/soil interaction modelling: Sensitivity study and extension to ice gouging.” Proc., ATC, OTC-23731, 8p.
  40. Pike, K., Kenny, S., Kavanagh, K and Jukes, P. (2012). “Pipeline engineering solutions for harsh arctic environments: Technology challenges and constraints for advanced numerical simulations.” Proc., ATC, OTC-23734:9p.
  41. Rossiter, C. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Evaluation of lateral-vertical pipe/soil interaction in clay.” Proc., OTC-23735:13p.
  42. Hanif, W. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Pipeline mechanical damage assessment using finite element methods.” Proc., ATC, OTC-23779, 11p.
  43. Pike, K. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Continuum modeling of pipe-soil interaction.” Proc., IPC2012-90055, 6p.
  44. Drover, E. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Bounds on iceberg motions during contact with subsea equipment and the seabed.” Proc., ISOPE-12-TPC-0465:7p.
  45. Fatemi, A. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Characterization of initial geometric imperfections for pipelines and influence on compressive strain capacity.” Proc., ISOPE-12-TPC-0304:7p.
  46. Kenny, S., Hawboldt, K., James, L., Pan, Y. and Cai, J. (2012). “Pipeline transportation systems for carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) strategies: Observations and technology issues.” Proc., The Third International Forum on Transportation of CO2 by Pipeline:20p.
  47. Drover, E. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Finite element modelling of iceberg interaction with subsea protective structures and the seabed.” Proc., ATC, OTC-23760, 11p.
  48. Pike, K. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Advanced continuum modeling of the ice gouge process: Assessment of keel shape effect and geotechnical data.” Proc., ISOPE-12-TPC-0464:7p.
  49. Rossiter, C. and Kenny, S. (2012). “Assessment of ice/soil interactions: Continuum modeling in clays.” Proc., ISOPE-12-TPC-0304:8p.
  50. Seo, D., Kenny, S., and Hawlader, B. (2011). “Yield Envelopes for Oblique Pipeline/Soil Interaction in Cohesive Soil Using ALE Procedure.” Pan-Am CGS-845, 9p.
  51. Daiyan, N., Kenny, S., Phillips, R., and Popescu, R. (2011). “Numerical Investigation of Axial-Vertical Pipeline/Soil Interaction in Sand.” Pan-Am CGS-233, 9p.
  52. Pike, K., Kenny, S. and Hawlader, B. (2011). “Advanced Numerical Simulations of Ice Gouge Events and Implications for Engineering Design.” POAC11-100, 10p.
  53. Caines, J., Paulin, M. and Kenny, S. (2011). “An Engineering Assessment of Ice Gouge Statistics and Recommended Statistical Distributions for Extreme Ice Gouge Parameter Estimation.” POAC11-094:10p.
  54. Fatemi, A. and Kenny, S. (2011). “Continuum modelling framework for local buckling response of plain and girth welded pipes.” Proc., OTC-21998-PP, 10p.
  55. Pike, K., and Kenny, S. (2011). “Advancement of CEL procedures to analyze large deformation pipeline/soil interaction events.” Proc., OTC-22004-PP, 10p.
  56. Jukes, P., Kenny, S., Panapitiya, U., Jafri, S. and Eltaher, A. (2011). “Arctic and harsh environment pipeline trenching technologies and challenges.” Proc., ATC, OTC-22083, 11p.
  57. Pike, K., Seo, D. and Kenny, S. (2011). “Continuum modelling of ice gouge events: Observations and assessment.” Proc., ATC, OTC-22097, 12p.
  58. Daiyan, N., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2010). “Numerical investigation of oblique pipeline/soil interaction in sand.” Proc., IPC2010-31644, 6p.
  59. Daiyan, N., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2010). “Investigation of axial/lateral interaction of pipes in dense sand.” Proc., ICPMG, 6p.
  60. Fatemi, A., Kenny, S., Taheri, F., Duan, D.-M., and Zhou, J. (2010). “End boundary effects on local buckling response of high strength linepipe.” Proc., IPC2010-31397, 8p.
  61. Mahdavi, H., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. And Popescu, R. (2010). “Effect of soil restraint on the buckling response of buried pipelines.” Proc., IPC2010-31617, 10p.
  62. Barrett, J., Kenny, S. and Phillips, R. (2009). “Effects of girth weld on the local buckling response of conventional grade pipelines.” Proc., OMAE2009-79394, 8p.
  63. Barrett, J., Kenny, S. and Phillips, R. (2009). “Investigation on the buckling behaviour of girth welded pipelines.” Proc., CSCE, IEMM-008, 10p.
  64. Caines, J., Kenny, S. and Paulin, M. (2009). “Engineering assessment of ice gouge statistics from the Canadian and American arctic oceans” Proc., CSCE, IHSC-004,10p.
  65. Daiyan, N., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2009). “Parametric study on axial-lateral pipeline/soil interaction events in clay.” Proc., CSCE, IEMM-005, 10p.
  66. Fatemi, A., Kenny, S., Sen, M., Zhou, J., Taheri, F. and Paulin, M. (2009). “Influence of Material and Geometric Imperfections on the Local Buckling Response of Plain and Girth Weld High Strength Linepipe.” Proc., 5th International Pipeline Technology Conference, PIPE-56, 22p.
  67. Fatemi, A., Kenny, S., Sen, M., Zhou, J., Taheri, F. and Paulin, M. (2009). “Parameters affecting the buckling and post-buckling behaviour of high strength pipelines.” Proc., OMAE2009-79578, 9p.
  68. Mahdavi, H., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2009). “Effect of embedment ratio on buried pipelines subject to combined loading.” Proc., CGS, 7p.
  69. Mahdavi, H., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2009). “Comprehensive parametric study on local buckling response of buried pipelines.” Proc., CSCE, GC-026, 10p.
  70. Barling, J. Dupré, K.E., Kavanagh, J.M., Kenny, S., Khan, F. and Veitch, B. (2008) “The Integration of High Performance Work Systems and Workplace Safety in the Oil and Gas Industry.” Proc., SPE-111573, 23p.
  71. Mahdavi, H., Kenny, S., Phillips, R. And Popescu, R. (2008). “Influence of geotechnical loads on local buckling behavior of buried pipelines.” Proc., IPC2008-64054, 9p.
  72. Al-Showaiter, A., Taheri, F. and Kenny, S. (2008). “Parametric study on the effect of weld misalignment on the local buckling response of pipelines.” Proc., IPC2008-64004, 9p.
  73. Fatemi, A., Kenny, S., Sen, M., Zhou, J., Taheri, F. and Paulin, M. (2008). “Investigations on the local buckling response of high strength linepipe.” Proc., IPC2008-64407, 9p.
  74. Paulin, M., Kenny, S., Palmer, A., Been, K. and Caines, J. (2008). “Offshore pipelines in cold regions – Environmental loadings and geotechnical considerations.” Proc., ICETECH08-176-R0, 8p.
  75. Kenny, S., Barrett, J., Phillips, R. and Popescu, R. (2007). “Integrating geohazard demand and structural capacity modelling within a probabilistic design framework for offshore arctic pipelines.” Proc., ISOPE2007-SBD-03, 9p.
  76. Fatemi, A., Kenny, S., and Taheri, F. (2007). “Continuum finite element methods to establish compressive strain limits for offshore pipelines in ice gouge environments.” Proc., OMAE2007-29152, 7p.
  77. Kenny, S., Phillips, R., Clark, J. and Nobahar, A. (2005). “PRISE numerical studies on subgouge deformations and pipeline/soil interaction analysis.” POAC, 10p.
  78. Phillips, R., Clark, J. and Kenny, S. (2005). “PRISE studies on gouge forces and subgouge deformations.” POAC, 10p.
  79. Kenny, S., Bruce, J., King, T., McKenna, R., Nobahar, A. and Phillips, R. (2004). “Probabilistic design methodology to mitigate ice gouge hazards for offshore pipelines.” IPC04-0527, 9p.
  80. Kenny, S., Phillips, R., McKenna, R. and Clark, J.I. (2000). Response of buried arctic marine pipelines to ice gouge events. OMAE00-5001, 8p.
  81. Meaney, R., Kenny, S. and Sinha, N. (1991). “Medium-scale ice-structure interaction. Failure zone characterization.”Proc., POAC, 1:126-140.