Ph.D., Economics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver (Thesis: “Multilateral Approaches to the Theory of International Comparisons”; Supervisor: W. Erwin Diewert).

M.A., Economics, University of British Columbia.

B.Sc. (with distinction), Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Toronto.

S.S.H.G.D., Jarvis Collegiate Institute, Toronto (Grades 10 through 13).

Milneford Junior High School, Don Mills, Borough/City of North York (Grades 7 through 9).

Ranchdale Public School, Don Mills, Borough of North York (Grades 1 through 6).