M.A., Economics, University of British Columbia.
B.Sc. (with distinction), Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Toronto.
S.S.H.G.D., Jarvis Collegiate Institute, Toronto (Grades 10 through 13).
Milneford Junior High School, Don Mills, Borough/City of North York (Grades 7 through 9).
Ranchdale Public School, Don Mills, Borough of North York (Grades 1 through 6).