1. Resources in Ottawa – specific for Social Enterprises
  2. Resources in Ottawa – general on entrepreneurship
  3. Resources in Eastern Ontario
  4. University / College Research Centers and Social enterprises
  5. University / College Research Centers and Entrepreneurship
  6. Networks of organizations
  7. Reports / laws from Governments
  8. Research Reports
  9. Funding Agencies
  10. Publications related to ICSEM Canada Project
  11. Elements of definitions of SE
  12. Examples – Social Entreprises
  13. Papers / Articles
  14. Academic associations / Journals / Revues
  15. Guides
  16. Other / Autres

SCSE Web portal – Social Enterprises
/ Portail web CSES – entreprises sociales

site maintained by the Sprott Centre for Social Enterprises / Centre Sprott pour les entreprises sociales (SCSE/CSES) website
(François Brouard, DBA, FCPA, FCA; Professor and Director, SCSE-CSES)
Sprott School of Business, Carleton University • Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Resources in Ottawa – specific for Social Enterprises

  • Summary

Social Enterprise Support Guide – Ottawa PDF (forthcoming)

  • Educational institutions and activities on social enterprises

Carleton University
SCSE/CSES (Sprott Centre for Social Enterprises / Centre Sprott pour les entreprises sociales) website
3Ci (Carleton Centre for Community Innovation) website
SIx (Social Innovation@Carleton) website

Saint-Paul University / Université Saint-Paul
École d’innovation sociale Élisabeth-Bruyère website
Atelier d’innovation sociale Mauril-Bélanger

Algonquin College
Algonquin College- Summit website

  • Organizations offering help (coaching, events, spaces)

Impact HUB Ottawa website
Centre for Innovative Social Enterprise Development (CSED Ottawa) website
mécènESS website
SOCIUS website
Institut social website
Innoweave website
Volunteer Ottawa / Bénévoles Canada website

  • Ressources en Outaouais

Pole d’économie sociale de l’Outaouais site web
Incubateur en économie sociale de l’Outaouais site web
Coopérative de développement régional Outaouais-Laurentides site web

Resources in Ottawa – general on entrepreneurship

  • Educational institutions and activities in entrepreneurship

Ottawa region educational institutions consortium
Capital Entrepreneurs Ottawa website
(Campus Linked Accelerator (CLA) (Carleton, uOttawa, Algonquin, Invest Ottawa))

Carleton University
Carleton Lead to Win website
Enactus Carleton Sprott website
Carleton Entrepreneurs Association (CEA) website
Carleton Future Funder website

University of Ottawa / Université d’Ottawa
uOttawa- Entrepreneurship Hub website
uOttawa- The Entrepreneurship Club (TECDE) website
uOttawa- Makerspace website
uOttawa- Startup Garage website
Enactus uOttawa Telfer website

Algonquin College
Algonquin College website
Algonquin College- Applied Research & Innovation Office website

La Cité collégiale
La Cité – Entrepreneurship website

  • Organizations offering help (coaching, events, spaces)

Invest Ottawa website
City of Ottawa – Ottawa Public Library website
City of Ottawa – Business website
City of Ottawa – Locate Ottawa website
Startup Ottawa website
Code factory website
eSax, entrepreneurial network website

  • Organizations helping with funding

Ottawa Community Foundation / Fondation communautaire d’Ottawa website
Ottawa Community Loan Fund (OCLF) / Fonds d’emprunt communautaire d’Ottawa (FECO) website
United Way / Centraide Ottawa website
Community Forward Fund (Ottawa) link
Just Change website
Awesome Ottawa website
Soup Ottawa website

Resources in Eastern Ontario

Social Enterprise Support Guide – Eastern Ontario PDF (forthcoming)

Community Opportunity and Innovation Network (COIN) Peterborough website

University / College Research Centers and Social enterprises

  • Ontario

Carleton – Sprott Centre for Social Enterprises (SCSE / CSES) website EN
Carleton – Centre Sprott pour les entreprises sociales (SCSE / CSES) website FR
Carleton – Carleton Centre for Community Innovation (3ci) website
Queen’s – Centre for Social Impact (CSI) website
Queen’s – Public Policy and Third Sector Program Initiative (TSP) (2001-2011) website
UToronto – Centre for Learning, Social Economy & Work (CLSEW) website
UToronto – The Mowat Centre website
Ryerson – Centre for Voluntary Sector Studies (CVSS) website
Ryerson – Social Ventures Zone (SVZ) website
Waterloo – Waterloo Institute for Social Innovation and Resilience (WISIR) website
Waterloo – Social Innovation Generation (SiG@Waterloo) website

  • Québec

HEC – IDEOS Pôle en gestion des entreprises sociales website
HEC – Institut international des coopératives Dorimène et Alphonse Desjardins website
HEC – Chaire de gestion des arts Carmelle et Rémi Marcoux website
McGill – Social Economy Initiative (SEI) website
Sherbrooke – IRECUS coopératives et mutuelles website
Sherbrooke – Chaire Desjardins en finance responsable website
Sherbrooke – Centre sur les pratiques socialement responsables website
Sherbrooke – Groupe de recherche en responsabilité sociétale des organisations website
UQAM – Chaire de recherche du Canada en économie sociale website
UQAM – Chaire de coopération Guy-Bernier website
UQAM – Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales (CRISES) website
UQAM – Chaire de responsabilité sociale et de développement durable website
UQAM – PhiLab Laboratoire de recherche sur la philanthropie canadienne website
UQAM – Alliance de recherche universités-communautés (ARUC) en économie sociale (/2014) website
UQO – Chaire de recherche du Canada en développement des collectivités (CRDC) website
UQO – Chaire de recherche du Canada en organisation communautaire website
UQO – Centre d’étude et de recherche sur l’intervention sociale (CÉRIS) website

  • Western Canada

Saskatchewan – Center for the Study of Cooperatives website
Winnipeg – Business Chair in Coop-enterprises website
Mount Royal – Institute of Community Prosperity website
Alberta – Canadian Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility (CCCSR) website
Alberta – Canadian Centre for Social Entrepreneurship (CCSE) (closed)
UBC – Centre for Social Innovation & Impact Investing website
Simon Fraser – RADIUS, Social innovation lab and venture incubator website
Victoria – Centre for Social and Sustainable Innovation (CSSI) website
Victoria – Centre for Co-operatives & Community-Based Economy website

  • Eastern Canada – Maritimes

CBU – Cape Breton University (MBA-CED) website
Memorial MUN – Centre for Social Enterprise website
Moncton – Chaire des caisses populaires acadiennes en gestion des coopératives website
Moncton – Groupe de recherche sur la gestion des coopératives website
MSVU – Social Economy and Sustainability Research Network / Partenariat sur l’économie sociale et la durabilité website
Saint Mary’s – Centre of Excellence in Accounting and Reporting for Co-operatives (CEARC) website
UNB – Pond Deshpande Centre – Social Enterprise website

  • United States

Harvard University – Social Enterprise website
Northeastern University – NU Social Enterprise Institute website
New York University – Social Enterpreneurship website
Columbia University – Research initiative on social entrepreneurship (RISE) website
Pace University – Wilson Center for Social Entrepreneurship website
Duke University – Fuqua Center for the advancement of Social Entrepreneurship (CASE) website
Stanford – Center for Social Innovation website

  • Europe

ESSEC Chaire en entrepreneuriat social (France) website
School for social entrepreneurs (UK) website
London Business School website
Oxford Said – Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship website
Social Entrepreneurship and Education Consortium (SEEC) website
EURICSE – European Research Cooperative Social Entreprise website

University / College Research Centers and Entrepreneurship

  • Ontario

Carleton – Master TIM website
Wilfrid Laurier – Entrepreneurship website
Wilfrid Laurier – Lazaridia Institute for the Management of Technology Enterprises website

  • Québec

HEC – Institut d’entrepreneuriat Banque Nationale website
HEC – Chaire d’entrepreneuriat Rogers – J.A. Bombardier website
HEC – EntrePrism L’inclusion par l’entrepreneuriat website
HEC – Centre des familles en affaires Deschenes Molson Lesage website
HEC – Chaire sur la relève et sur les entreprises familiales website
Laval – Entrepreneuriat Laval website
Laval – Centre d’entrepreneuriat de PME website
Laval – Chaire en entrepreneuriat et innovation website
Sherbrooke – Entrepreneuriat website
UQAM – Centre d’entrepreneuriat ESG UQAM website

  • Western Canada
  • Eastern Canada – Maritimes

Acadia – Entrepreneurship Centre website
Dalhousie – Norman Newman Centre for Entrepreneurship website
Moncton – Centre Assomption de recherche et de développement en entrepreneuriat (CARDE) website
Saint Mary’s – Sobey Master MTEI website
UNB – Pond Deshpande Centre website

Networks of organizations

  • Canada – National

ASHOKA website international / website Canada
B Corporation website / website Canada
Buy Social Canada website
Canadian Community Economic Development Network / Réseau canadien de développement économique communautaire (CCEDNet-RCDEC) website
Canadian Council on Social Development / Conseil canadien de développement social (CCSD) website
Centre for Social Innovation (CSI) website
Enterprising Nonprofits (enp) Canada website
Futurepreneur Canada website
Réseau de développement économique et d’employabilité (RDÉE Canada) website
Social Enterprise Alliance (SEA) link
Social Enterprise Council of Canada / Conseil des entreprises sociales du Canada (SECC) website
Social Enterprise Ecosystem Project website
Social Enterprise Institute website
Soshent website

  • Ontario

Conseil de la Coopération de l’Ontario (CCO) website
LIAISOn (Linking Infrastructure And Investment for Ontario) website
MaRS Discovery District website
MaRS Centre for Impact Investing website
MaRS Centre for Social Innovation (CSI) website
Ontario Cooperation Council website
Ontario Co-operative Association (ON co-op) website
Ontario Network of Entrepreneurs website
Ontario Nonprofit Network (ONN) website
ONN’s Rural Social Enterprise Constellation (RSEC) website
Ontario Centres of Excellence website
PARO Centre for Women’s Enterprise in Northwestern Ontario website
Pillar Nonprofit Network website
Société économique de l’Ontario (SEO) website
SE Ontario website
Social Enterprise Toronto (SET) website
Social Innovation Generation (SiG National) website
The Greater Toronto Area (GTA) Co-op Network website
The School for Social Entrepreneurs – Ontario (SSE-O) website

  • Québec

Chantier de l’économie sociale website
Conseil québécois de la coopération et de la mutualité website
Économie sociale Québec website
Fiducie du Chantier de l’économie sociale website
Réseau d’investissement social du Québec (RISQ) website
PME Mtl website

  • Western Canada

BC Partners for Social Impact website
BC Social Innovation Council website

  • Eastern Canada – Maritimes

Atlantic Canada Council for Community and Social Enteprise / Conseil atlantique pour la Communauté et l’entreprise sociale (ACCSE/CAESC) website
Common Good Solutions website
Social Enterprise in New Brunswick website
Social Enterprises Network of Nova Scotia (SENNS) website

  • International

Grameen Creative Lab website

  • United States
  • Europe

Reports / laws from Governments

  • Canada – National
  • Ontario

Ontario (2016). Social Enterprise Strategy 2016-2021 report ??
Ontario (?). Impact: A Social Enterprise Strategy for Ontario report ??
Ontario (2008a). Seizing Global Opportunities: Ontario’s Innovation Agenda, Government of Ontario – Ministry of Research & Innovation, 30p. report
Ontario (2008b). Breaking the Cycle: Ontario’s Poverty Reduction Strategy, Government of Ontario – Ministry of Children and Youth Services, 45p. report
Ontario (2012). Draft Ontario’s Social Innovation Policy Paper, 27p. report
Ontario (2013a). State of the Sector: Profile of Ontario Not-for-Profit and Charitable Organizations – Volume I: Overall Report, Queen’s Printer for Ontario, Pollara, September 19, 79p. report
Ontario (2013b). Impact: A Social Enterprise Strategy for Ontario – For a strong economy and a fair society, Queen’s Printer for Ontario, September, 32p. report

  • Québec

Québec. Loi sur l’économie sociale (chapitre E.1.1.1) lien

  • Western Canada
  • Eastern Canada – Maritimes

Nova Scotia Social Enterprises Sector Strategy (2017) pdf

  • United States

Research Reports

  • Canada – National

SESS – Social Enterprises Sector Survey report series
Canadian Task Force on Social Finance (2010). Mobilizing Privatye Capital for Public Good, December, 40p. report

  • Ontario

Enterprising Change – 2015 Social Enterprise Survey for Ontario ? report

  • Québec
  • Western Canada
  • Eastern Canada – Maritimes
  • United States
  • Europe

Funding Agencies

  • Canada – National

The J.W. McConnell Family Foundation website
Trico Charitable Foundation website
BDC – Business Development Bank of Canada website
Canada Business Ontario website
Canada Small Business Financing Program website
Canada’s Business Network – Funding Opportunities website
Government of Canada’s Concierge: Guide to Innovation website
Imagine Canada website
The Natural Step Canada website

  • Ontario

Ontario Trillium Foundation / Fondation Trillium de l’Ontario (OTF) website
Ontario Network of Entrepreneurs (ONE) website
Toronto Enterprise Fund website

  • Québec

Caisse d’économie solidaire Desjardins website

  • Western Canada

Canadian Social Entrepreneurship Foundation (CSEF) website

  • Eastern Canada – Maritimes
  • International

Schwab Foundation for Social entrepreneurship link
The Institute for Social Entrepreneurs link
Skoll Foundation link

Publications related to ICSEM Canada Project

Brouard, F. (2014). Note on Financial Statements for Social Enterprises, February, 17p. PDF
see page ICSEM Canada Group web page

Elements of definitions of SE

– Brouard, F., Larivet, S. (2010). «Essay of clarifications and definitions of the related concepts of Social Enterprise, Social Entrepreneur and Social Entrepreneurship», in Fayolle, A. and Matlay, H. (Ed.)
Handbook of Research in Social Entrepreneurship, Edward Elgar Publishing, 352p. (chapter 3 – p.29-56) PDF
– Brouard, F. (2015). Characteristics and Definition of Social Enterprises, SCSE-CSES Note, December 11, 2p. PDF
– Brouard, F. (2015). Characteristics and Definition of Social Entrepreneurs, SCSE-CSES Note, December 11, 2p. PDF
– Brouard, F. (2015). Characteristics and Definition of Social Entrepreneurship, SCSE-CSES Note, December 11, 2p. PDF
– Brouard, F. (2015). Relationships between SE Concepts (Social Enterprise, Social Entrepreneur, Social Entrepreneurship), SCSE-CSES Note, December 11, 2p. PDF
– Brouard, F. (2015). List of the Main and Secondary Laws for Social Enterprises in Ontario, SCSE-CSES Note, May 5, 2p. PDF
– Definition ESSEC link

Examples – Social Entreprises

  • Ottawa region

Adorit Boutique website
African Bronze Honey website
Antiques Hawkesbury (Groupe Convex) website
ArtWorks (Operation Come Home) website
Beads of Awareness website
BottleWorks (Operation Come Home) website
BYBO Buy Your Beau’s Online (Operation Come Home) website
Café Bistro (Groupe Convex) website
Café le Plateau (Groupe Convex) website
Causeway Work Centre website
(Cycle Salvation, Good Nature Groundskeeping, Krackers Katering, Right Bike)
Centre for Innovative Social Enterprise Development (CSED Ottawa) website
CompuCorps Services Ottawa website
Corala Cashmere website
Cycle Salvation (Causeway) website
EcoEquitable website
Emballage Prescott-Russell Packaging (Groupe Convex) website
Evidence for Democracy website
Express Net (Groupe Convex) website
Family Services Employment Assistance Program website
FarmWorks (Operation Come Home) website
FaunApparel website
Feline Cafe Ottawa website
FoodWorks (Operation Come Home) website
Gallery 101 website
Good Nature Groundskeeping (Causeway) website
Groupe Convex Prescott-Russell website
(Antiques Hawkesbury, Café Bistro, Café le Plateau, Emballage Prescott-Russell Packaging, Express Net, Les glaneurs / The Harvesters, Menuiserie Casselman Woodshop, Recycle-Action)
Good Food Box Ottawa Boîte de bonne bouffe website
Gourmet Xpress website
Grow Studios website
Hearty Tails Pet Food Treats website
Hidden Harvest Ottawa website
Highjink Ottawa website
Impact HUB Ottawa website
Impress Business Cards (Enactus uOttawa) website
Just Food Farm website
Krackers Katering (Causeway) website
Laundry Matters (Family Matter Co-op) website
Le Clé website
Les glaneurs / The Harvesters (Groupe Convex) website
Little Voice the Book website
Lost Ottawa website
Maison Tucker House website
Maker House Co – Handmade Furniture & Homewares website
Market Mobile Ottawa website
mécènESS website
Menuiserie Casselman Woodshop (Groupe Convex) website
Mom Friends website
Nu Grocery website
Operation Come Home (BYBO, BottleWorks, FoodWorks, FarmWorks, ArtWorks) website
ORCC Ottawa Rape Crisis Centre (ORCC) website
OREC Ottawa Renewable Energy Co-op website
Ottawa Incubator Kitchen website
Ottawa Inuit Children’s Centre website
Ottawa Tool Library website
Propeller Dance website
Recycle-Action (Groupe Convex) website
ReStore (Habitat for Humanity NCR) websiteRight Bike (Causeway) website
Savour Ottawa website
Spread the Joy website
SuraiTea website
Tetra Society of North America – Ottawa chapter website
Thirteen: a social enterprise website
Uptown Sox website
Vice versa (services linguistiques) (SEO) website

Ottawa Social Enterprise Directory link

  • Gatineau region

Dépanneur Sylvestre site web

  • Montréal area (Québec)

Fondation One Drop link
Cirque du soleil – Cirque citoyen link
Communauto link
Robin des Bois link
L’itineraire link

  • Other

Animal Justice (Toronto) website
Eepmon (Eric Chan) website
Tides Canada link
Thétis International (SEO) (Toronto) website


Papers / Articles

Dees (1998) The meaning of SE link
Dees (2001) The meaning of SE link
Ashoka – What is SE? link
Boschee & McClurg (2003) – Toward a better understanding of SE link
Authenticity Consulting – Social Entrepreneurship Toolbox link
Business structure link
Business Plan social Guide methodologie (2007) link

Academic associations / Journals / Revues

ANSER/ARES – Asociation for Nonprofit and Social Economy Research / Association decrecherche sur les organismes sans but lucratif et l’économie sociale link
ANSERJ – Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research / Revue camadienne de recherche sur les OSBL et l’économie sociale link
ARNOVA – Asociation for research on Nonprofit organizations and voluntary action link
NVSQ Nonprofit and Vokuntary Sector Quarterly link
SSIR Stanford Social Innovation Review link
JCAR Journal of Co-operative Accounting and Reporting (Saint Mary’s Sobey) link
JEOD Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity link
SB Social Business link
JSE Journal of Social Entrepreneurship website
RECMA Revue internationale de l’économie sociale website


  • Vidéos en français

Formation en bref – Centre de formatîon communautaire de la Mauricie (CFCM) capsules

Other / Autres

  • Canada – National
  • Ontario
  • Québec
  • Western Canada
  • Eastern Canada – Maritimes

Andy Horsnell Links link

  • United States
  • Europe

If you want to add or update a link to this list, send the link or PDF file to francois.brouard@carleton.ca

© Francois Brouard, All rights reserved / Tous droits réservés.
Updated / Mise-à-jour March 23 mars 2023