Photo of Stephen Azzi

Stephen Azzi


Degrees:Ph.D. (University of Waterloo)
Office:2435R Richcraft Hall

Stephen Azzi is one of the original core faculty members of the Clayton H. Riddell Graduate Program in Political Management. Previously, he worked as aide to four members of Parliament. In the Department of National Defence, he served as speechwriter for the minister, as policy analyst on Canada’s international policy review, and as intelligence officer responsible for analyzing Islamist terrorism in Asia. From 2005 to 2011, he was associate professor at Laurentian University, where he taught US history and foreign policy. At Carleton, he has taught in the Political Management program, the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, the School of Canadian Studies, the Department of History, the Department of Political Science, and the School of Journalism and Communication. He is a senior fellow at the Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History at the University of Toronto.

Professor Azzi’s research focuses on prime ministerial leadership in Canada, Canada–US relations, and Canadian economic and cultural nationalism. Professor Azzi is accepting graduate students in history; please contact him to inquire about specific areas of supervision.

Select Publications


Historical Dictionary of Canada. 3rd ed. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 2021. 724 pp. (with Barry Gough)

Reconcilable Differences: A History of Canada–US Relations. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2015. 312 pp.

Walter Gordon and the Rise of Canadian Nationalism. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1999. 328 pp.


Articles and Book Chapters

“Living the Good Life? Canadians and the Paradox of American Prosperity.” Chapter 9 in North of America: Canadians and the American Century, 1945–60, edited by Asa McKercher and Michael D. Stevenson. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2023. Pp. 235–258.

The Thwarted Ambitions of Paul Martin.” Chapter 13 in Statesmen, Strategists, and Diplomats: Canada’s Prime Ministers and the Making of Foreign Policy, edited by Patrice Dutil. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2023. Pp. 304–330.

“Prime Minister Lester Pearson: A Leadership Biography.” Chapter 5 in People, Politics, and Purpose: Biography and Canadian Political History, edited by Greg Donaghy and P. Whitney Lackenbauer. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2023. Pp. 132–158.

“The Presidents and the Polls, 1963–2021: An Inquiry into Canadian Anti-Americanism.” American Review of Canadian Studies 52, no. 4 (winter 2022): 381–401. (with Norman Hillmer)

“The Right Honourable Jeanne Sauvé.” Chapter 23 in The Governors General of Canada, 2nd ed., edited by Jean Chevrier et al. Montreal: New Federation House, 2022. Pp. 87–90.  Translated as “La très honorable Jeanne Sauvé.” Chapter 23 in Les Gouverneurs Généraux du Canada, 2nd ed., edited by Jean Chevrier et al. Montreal: Maison nouvelle fédération, 2022. Pp. 87–90.

“The Nationalists of 1968 and the Search for Canadian Independence.” Chapter 4 in 1968 in Canada: A Year and Its Legacies, edited by Michael K. Hawes, Andrew C. Holman, and Christopher Kirkey. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of History and University of Ottawa Press, 2021. Pp. 71–94.

“Ranking Prime Ministers: Canada in a Commonwealth Context.” Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 49, no. 1 (February 2021): 22–43. (with Norman Hillmer)

“Minority Governments and Canada’s Confused Foreign Investment Policy.” International Journal 75, no. 4 (December 2020): 502–515.

“The Predominant Prime Minister: St-Laurent and His Cabinet.” Chapter 3 in The Unexpected Louis St-Laurent: Politics and Policies for a Modern Canada, edited by Patrice Dutil. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2020. Pp. 72–88.

“The Problem Child: Diefenbaker and Canada in the Language of the Kennedy Administration.” Chapter 5 in Reassessing the Rogue Tory: Canadian Foreign Relations in the Diefenbaker Era, edited by Janice Cavell and Ryan M. Touhey. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2018. Pp. 103–120.

“Political Time in a Westminster Democracy: The Canadian Case.” American Review of Canadian Studies 47, no. 2 (June 2017): 19-34

“Lester Pearson and the Substance of the Sixties.” Chapter 5 in Mike’s World: Lester B. Pearson and Canadian External Affairs, edited by Asa McKercher and Galen Perras. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2017. Pp. 107-129.

“Intolerant Allies: Canada and the George W. Bush Administration, 2001-2005.” Diplomacy and Statecraft 27, no. 4 (December 2016): 726-745. (with Norman Hillmer)

“The Honourable Kathleen O’Day Wynne.” In The Premiers of Ontario, edited by Jean Chevrier. Ottawa: New Federation House, 2016. Pp. 97–100.

“Foreign Investment and the Paradox of Economic Nationalism.” In Modern Canada, 1945 to Present, edited by Catherine Briggs. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2014. Pp. 244-257.

“Evaluating Prime Ministerial Leadership in Canada: The Results of an Expert Survey.” Canadian Political Science Review 7, no. 1 (2013): 13-23. (with Norman Hillmer)

“Evaluating Prime-Ministerial Performance: The Canadian Experience.” Chapter 11 in Understanding Prime-Ministerial Performance: Comparative Perspectives, edited by Paul Strangio, Paul ’t Hart, and James Walter. London: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 242-263. (with Norman Hillmer)

“The Nationalist Moment in English Canada.” Chapter 11 in Debating Dissent: Canada and the Sixties, edited by Lara Campbell, Dominique Clément, and Gregory S. Kealey. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012. Pp. 213-228, 327-332.

“The Strange Afterlives of Canadian Prime Ministers.” Chapter 4 in Former Leaders in Modern Democracies: Political Sunsets, edited by Kevin Theakston and Jouke de Vries. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. Pp. 54-77.

Last Revision: January 23, 2024