Course ID: CIVE 240 (University of Waterloo), Offered in: Spring 2016, Enrollments: 110, Class hours: 3hr/wk

Major Topics

Introduction to Sustainability 

  • Quantifying sustainability, Sustainability Index, The IPAT Equation, Ecological Footprint, Carbon Footprint, Water Footprint
  • MDGs and SDGs, Earth carrying capacity and population growth; J-shaped (Logistic curve) and S-shaped growth concepts
  • Sustainable design; People-centered design and IDEO’s human-centered design, Triple bottom line

Concepts of Life Cycle Analysis

  • Life Cycle Thinking, Definition of Product, Functional Unit, Reference Flow
  • Importance of life cycle thinking
  • Life cycle assessment framework
  • LCA Phases: Definition of goal and scope; inventory analysis of data, impact analysis
  • Materials flow analysis techniques
  • Embodied water; Embodied energy

Transportation Sustainability

  • A big picture of transportation engineering; historical development of technologies in transportation
  • Emerging technologies for transportation sustainability
  • Transportation infrastructure and sustainability
  • Transportation theories and models – an overview
  • Utility theory and transportation mode choice
  • Urban transportation systems and the impact on environments

Sustainable Built Environment

  • Definition of built environment, Importance of sustainable built environment
  • Concept: Land-use and land cover change, Development, Urban sprawl, Mix-use development
  • Zoning, regulations and importance in sustainable development, Building envelope, Setback, FAR
  • New urbanism, Smart growth, Environmentally sensitive design, Green infrastructure
  • Low impact development, Conservation design, Green building, LEED rating and certificate system
  • Strategies for building energy conservation

Climate Change

  • Climate and weather, Impacts of climate change, Causes of climate change – Greenhouse gas and effects
  • Understanding the science of climate change, Albedo, Estimating average temperature of earth
  • Climate forcings, Global warming potential (GWP), Control climate change

Sustainable Air Quality

  • Importance of Sustainable Air Quality; Impacts of Poor Air Quality; Highlights and Outcomes of North American Regulations on Clean Air; NAAQS, CAAQS; Determine AQI and Interpreting AQI for Health Effects
  • Fundamentals of Air, Air Pollutants and Emissions; Detail about Six Criteria Pollutants – Sources, Impacts and Mitigation Techniques; Estimate Emissions; Estimate Dispersion of Air Pollutants
  • Type of air pollutants; Sources, environmental and health effects and mitigation techniques of air pollutants: CO, NOx, N2O, VOCs, O3, PM, SO2, Pb and NH3
  • Methods of Estimating Emissions and Models, Dispersion Models

Sustainable Energy

  • Fundamental of energy, Different energy sources and characteristics, Role of energy on the economy
  • Analysis of local, national and global trends in energy consumption, Technical function of fossil fuel, solar, wind, hydraulic, nuclear, geothermal power systems
  • Mathematical model on sustainable energy

Sustainable Water Quality

  • Background on water quality, Water pollution, Water quality parameters
  • Biochemical oxygen demand, Nutrients in water, Modeling water pollution, Modeling dissolved oxygen in a stream
  • Biogeochemical cycle, Residence time, Hydrologic cycle, Pathways of water flow; evaporation, transpiration, infiltration, precipitation, runoff
  • Watershed, Water use: withdrawal, nonwithdrwal, consumptive water use, per capita water use, water price, Water budget