Photo of Paul Mkandaŵire

Paul Mkandaŵire

Co-Director (Human Rights and Social Justice), Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Associate Professor

Degrees:PhD (Western), MSc (Imperial College London)
Phone:613-520-2600 x 3101
Office:1320 Dunton Tower

Research Interests:

My research is broadly located at the intersection of global and public health and human rights. It is predicated on the premise that the promotion and protection of human health are intimately linked to the promotion and protection of human rights and social justice. I apply qualitative and quantitative methods to the investigation of dimensions that link the environment and human health, and of synergies between public health and human rights. I am also interested in providing a better understanding of how state and non-state institutions mobilize responses to epidemics of global proportions and human rights and social justice implications of global health policies.  Currently, I hold cross-appointments in Department of Geography, Institute of African Studies, and Institute of Health: Science, Technology and Policy. I also supervise graduate student research in areas relevant to my research interests.


Carleton University Research Achievement Award                           2016

Association of American Geographers Emerging Scholar Award     2016


Mkandawire, P., MacPherson, K., Madut, K., Atari, O. D., Rishworth, A., & Luginaah, I. (2019). Men’s perceptions of women’s reproductive health in South Sudan. Health & Place, 58,

Mkandawire, P., Arku, G., Luginaah, I., & Etowa, J. (2019). Informal transit, socio-spatial exclusion, and changing geographies of HIV/AIDS in urban Malawi. African Journal of AIDS Research18(1), 81-88.

Mkandawire, P., Atari, O., Kangmennaang, J., Arku, G., Luginaah, I., & Etowa, J. (2019). Pregnancy intention and gestational age at first antenatal care (ANC) visit in Rwanda. Midwifery68, 30-38.

Kangmennaang, J., Mkandawire, P., & Luginaah, I. (2019). Determinants of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents in Central African Republic, Eswatini and Ghana: evidence from multi-indicator cluster surveys. African Journal of AIDS Research18(1), 38-50.

Anfaara, F. W., Atuoye, K. N., Mkandawire, P., & Luginaah, I. (2018). Factors associated with voluntary testing for HBV in the Upper West Region of Ghana. Health & place, 54, 85-91.

Sowatey, E., Nyantakyi-Frimpong, H., Mkandawire, P., Arku, G., Hussey, L., & Amasaba, A. (2018). Spaces of resilience, ingenuity, and entrepreneurship in informal work in Ghana. International Planning Studies, 1-13.

Mkandawire, P. (2018). Vulnerability of orphans to climate change in Malawi. Geoforum 90: 151-158

Brydges, C. & Mkandawire, P. (2018) Perceptions and experiences of inclusive education among parents of children with disabilities in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Special Education 1-15

Kangmennaang, J., Mkandawire, P., & Luginaah, I. (2017). Breast cancer screening among women in Namibia: explaining the effect of health insurance coverage and access to information on screening behaviours. Global Health Promotion, 1757975917727017

Thogarapalli, N., Mkandawire, P. Kangmennaang, J., Luginaah, I. and Arku, G. (2016). Gestational age at first antenatal visit in Namibia. International journal of public health 61 (9): 1089-1097.

Sano, Y., Antabe, R., Atuoye, K., Hussey, L., Bayne, J. Galaa, S., Mkandawire, P. and Luginaah, I. (2016). Persistent misconceptions about HIV transmission among males and females in Malawi.” BMC international health and human rights 16(1): 16-25.

Mkandawire, P. (2016). Assessing factors associated with HIV testing among youth in Northern Malawi. Global Public Health 12(7) 927-940

Rishworth, A. Dixon, J., Luginaah, I., Mkandawire, P. & Prince, C. (2016) “I was on the way to the hospital but delivered in the bush”: Maternal health in Ghana’s Upper West Region in the context of a traditional birth attendant ban. Social Science and Medicine 148: 8-17

Kanmennaang, J., Mkandawire, P., & Luginaah, I. (2016). What prevents men aged 40-64 years from prostate cancer screening in Namibia? Journal of Cancer Epidemiology 79:1-9

Mkandawire, P. Arku, G. & Atari, O. (2015). “My house is now a hospital”: Housing, health and wellbeing and people living with HIV/AIDS in Northern Malawi. Journal of Healthcare for the Poor and Underserved 26: 4, 1246-1264

Kuuire, V. Z., Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I. & Arku, G. (2015) Abandoning land in search of farms: challenges of subsistence migrant farming in Ghana. Agriculture and Human Values,1-14.

Kangmennaang, J., Mkandawire, P. & Luginaah, I. (2015). Circumcision status and time to sexual debut among youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from six Demographic and Health Surveys. AIDS and Behaviour 1-15

Brydges, C. & Mkandawire, P. Learning Together: Perceptions and Concerns toward Inclusive Education in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal of Inclusive Education (accepted 2 September 2015)

Mkandawire, P. (2015). Gestational age at first antenatal care in Malawi. Maternal and Child Health Journal 19(11), 2366-2374

Dixon, J., Luginaah, I. & Mkandawire, P. (2015). The National Health Insurance Scheme in Ghana’s Upper West Region: A Gendered Perspective of Insurance Acquisition in a Resource-Poor Setting. Social Science and Medicine 122, 103-112

Thogarapalli, N. Mkandawire, P., & Luginaah, I. (2015). Investigating the association between pregnancy intention and insecticide-treated bed net (ITN) use: a cross-sectional study of pregnant women in Rwanda. Journal of Public Health 23(4)241-248

Kangmennaang, J., Thogarapalli, N., Mkandawire, P., & Luginaah, I. (2015). Investigating the disparities in cervical cancer screening among Namibian women. Gynecologic Oncology, 138(2), 411-416.

Mambulu, F., Mkandawire, P. Luginaah, I. & Dixon, J. (2015) Silence of the Leaders: Alcohol Policymaking in Malawi. African Geographic Review (accepted 10 March 2015) ahead-of-print: 1-18

Mkandawire, P., Dixon, J., Luginaah, I., Armah, F. & Arku. G. (2014) ‘At-risk by fact of birth: Perceptions and concerns around medical male circumcision for HIV prevention in Malawi. Health, Risk and Society 16(4):295-307

Baiden, P. Wendy, D., Arku, G. & Mkandawire, P. (2014). The role of sense of community belonging on unmet health care needs in Ontario, Canada: Findings from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey. Journal of Public Health 42(5):467-478

Atari, D.O. & Mkandawire, P. (2014). Spatial variation of management of diarrhea in under-fives in Malawi. Health and Place 29:84-94

Dixon, J., Luginaah, I. N., & Mkandawire, P. (2014). Gendered Inequalities within Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme: Are Poor Women Being Penalized with a Late Renewal Policy? Journal of health care for the poor and underserved, 25(3):1005-1020.

Mason, S., Mkandawire, P., Dixon, J. & Luginaah, I. (2015) Management challenges of urban biosolids: Narratives around facility siting in rural Ontario. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 58:8, 1363-1383

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I., Dixon, J., Arku, G. & Armah, F. (2013). Circumcision status and time to first sexual intercourse in Malawi. AIDS Behav 17(6): 2123-2135

Taabazuing, M., Arku, G., & Mkandawire, P (2013). Economic development in a changing global economy: what do practitioners think? Urban Research and Practice 8.2 (2015): 145-164

Mkandawire, P., Richmond, C., Luginaah, I. Dixon, J. & Tobias, J. (2013). Hepatitis B in Ghana’s Upper West Region: A Hidden Disease In Need of National Policy Attention. Health and Place 23:89-96.

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I. & Baxter, J. (2013). Growing up an orphan: vulnerability of adolescent girls to HIV infection in Malawi. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 39.1 (2014): 128-139.

Kuuire, V., Mkandawire, P. Arku, G. & Luginaah, I. (2013). Abandoning farms in search of food: Food remittance and household food security in Ghana. African Geographical Review 32 (2): 125–139

Mkandawire, P., Tenkorang, E. & Luginaah, I. (2013). Orphanhood and time to first sex among adolescents in Malawi. AIDS Behav 17:939-50

Bezner-Kerr, R. & Mkandawire, P. (2012). Imaginative geographies of gender and HIV/AIDS in Malawi: Moving beyond Neo-liberalism. GeoJournal 77:459-73

Arku, G., Luginaah, I. & Mkandawire, P. (2012). “You Either Pay More Advance Rent or You Move”: Landlord and Tenants Dilemmas in Low-income Housing Market in Accra, Ghana. Urban Studies 49(14):3177-93

Armah, F., Luginaah, I. & Mkandawire, P. (2012). Non-occupational health risk assessment from exposure to chemical contaminants in the gold mining environment of Tarkwa, Ghana. Trends in Applied Sciences Research 7:181-95

Armah, F., Luginaah, I. & Mkandawire, P. (2012). Ecological health status of the Fosu Lagoon, Southern Ghana II: Environmental and Health Risk Assessment. Ecosystem and Ecography 2:107. doi:10.4172/2157-7625.1000107

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I.N. & Tobias, J. (2011). Landscapes of economic deprivation and locally distilled liquor (kachasu): An emerging risk milieu for HIV/AIDS in urban Northern Malawi. Environment and Planning A 43 (10):2384 -98

Mkandawire, P., Luginaah, I.N. & Bezner-Kerr, R. (2011). Deadly Divide: HIV/AIDS Policymaking on condoms in Malawi. Policy Sciences 44 (1): 81-102

Arku, G, Luginaah, I., Mkandawire, P., Baiden, P. & Asiedu, A. (2011). Housing and health in three contrasting neighbourhoods in Accra, Ghana. Social Science and Medicine 74(11): 1864-72


Andy Kusi-Appiah (doctoral) – Peri-urban water governance and political ecology of disease in Malawi (current)

Chuk Odenigbo (doctoral) – Research topic TBD (current)

Arthur Hamilton (MA) – Mental disability in India (current)

Kangha Achang (MA) – The Quest for Self-determination by Anglophones in Southern Cameroons- (completed May 2019)

Katherine MacPherson (MA) – Perceptions of health and wellbeing among South Sudan Canadians in Ottawa (defended Nov 2017)

Asli Mahdi (MA) – Therapeutic places of South Asian women in Ottawa (completed 2015)

Verah Urassa Mdai (MA) – Female Sex Workers and HIV Policy: Culture, Development, and HIV Vulnerability of Disadvantaged Women in Tanzania – (completed 2014)