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Faculty, fellows and graduate students in this module are most concerned with how countries, especially Canada, develop the capabilities and design the responses to the various threats they face in the world.  A core element of this module is the recognition that countries have to work together in alliances, coalitions and/or bilateral agreements to confront the challenges of the 21st century.  The likely, if not desired, strategies and capabilities emanate largely out of domestic political processes so the staff in this area consider the ways in which domestic and international politics interact to both cause various policy choices and affect the outcomes.

Coordinator: Professor Stephen Saideman

Associated Faculty:

  • Jean Daudelin
  • Chris Penny
  • Fen Hampson
  • David Carment

Research Projects:

  • Legislatures and Civil-Military Relations (2015-2020): Hopefully to be funded by SSHRC, this project examines how democracies vary in the roles their legislatures play in the conduct of civil-military relations. This project considers three different types of democracies—presidential systems, Westminster systems, continental parliamentary systems—and considers what role their legislators play in oversight/accountability.
  • Smart Defence (2015): NATO hopes to compensate for declining defence budgets by encouraging specialization and cooperation in defence procurement. We are most skeptical.
  • Canada Among Nations: Lessons Learned from Interventions (2014-2015): A multi-university team seeks to draw lessons from the past couple of decades of Canada’s interventions including: Somalia, Haiti, Afghanistan, the Mideast, and beyond.

Articles and Publications:

  • Saideman, Stephen M. When the Gloves Dropped: Understanding the Canadian Experience in Afghanistan. Under review and under contract with University of Toronto Press.
  • Saideman, Stephen M., and R. William Ayres. For Kin or Country:  Xenophobia, Nationalism, and War. Revised Edition. New York: Columbia University Press, 2015.
  • F. Melese,  A. Richter, and  B. Solomon eds., Military Cost–Benefit Analysis: Theory and Practice New York: Routledge 2015
  • Auerswald, David P., and Stephen M. Saideman, NATO in Afghanistan: Fighting Together, Fighting Alone, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014.
  • Auerswald, David P., and Stephen M. Saideman, “NATO: Fighting Together, With Caveats.” Vanguard (August-September 2014): 38-40.
  • Saideman, Stephen M. “Canada’s Whole of Government Approach: More and Less Than Advertised.” In Reconstructing Afghanistan: Civil-Military Experiences in Comparative Perspective, eds. William Maley and Susanne Schmeidl, 55-66. New York: Routledge, 2014.
  • Mohamed Douch and Binyam Solomon   “Middle Powers and the Demand for Military Expenditures” Defence and Peace Economics volume 25(6) 605-618 2014.
  • Solomon, Binyam, and J.C. Stone. “Accrual Budgeting and Defence Funding” Defence and Peace Economics volume 24(3) 211-228  2013.
  • Ugurhan Berkok and Binyam Solomon “Peacekeeping Private Benefits and Common Agency”, in Handbook on the Economics of Conflict, edited by Derek Braddon and Keith Hartley, Northampton, MA : Edward Elgar 2011.
  • Solomon, Binyam “An Economics Perspective on a Defence Industrial Policy”, in 2010: Canadian Defence Industry at a Crossroads? Claxton Papers series 12, Kingston: Queens University. 
  • David Carment, “Indicators of State Failure: Part 2”, Defence R&D Canada (2010). Found at