Photo of Jeffrey Monaghan

Jeffrey Monaghan

Associate Professor

Degrees:Ph.D. (Sociology), Queen's University
Phone:613-520-2600 x 7018
Office:C579 Loeb Building

Research Interests

  • Security governance
  • Policing
  • Surveillance of social movements
  • Settler colonial studies
  • Social movements studies
  • Globalization of surveillance and security practices


Jeffrey Monaghan is an Assistant Professor at Carleton’s Institute for Criminology and Criminal Justice (ICCJ). He has a PhD in Sociology from Queen’s University. His research examines practices of security governance, policing, and surveillance.

Jeff is a member of the Editorial Board of the new, open-access and interdisciplinary journal called Criminological Encounters; as well as the Book Review editor at the Journal of Prisoners on Prisons.  He is currently on the research team of the SSHRC Partnerships grant project Big Data and Surveillance, run out of the Surveillance Studies Centre at Queen’s University.

Active research projects include: the globalization of surveillance/security and the role of Canadian expertise in the export of security techniques/technologies; the surveillance of social movements with a focus on environmental and indigenous movements; knowledge construction practices associated with contemporary policing of ‘radicalization’; and domestic security governance in the context of the ‘war on terror.’ A further area of research relates to the historical development of policing practices in Canada, with a focus on the late 19th century North-West Territories.

Follow Jeff on Twitter @monaghanjeffrey


Policing Indigenous Movements: Dissent and the Security State (2018)
With Andrew Crosby

In recent years, Indigenous peoples have lead a number of high profile movements fighting for social and environmental justice in Canada. In response, policing and other security agencies have developed a prolific surveillance regime that targets Indigenous movements as national security threats. Policing Indigenous Movements traces the colonial legacies of these practices, showing how the extensive policing of Indigenous peoples or groups in the “war on terror” has been rationalized by the development of categories and labels such as “Aboriginal extremism” and “critical infrastructure” specifically to criminalize Indigenous movements that challenge extractive development, demand self-determination, or contest federal and provincial claims to Indigenous lands.

Through an examination of four prominent movements — the long-standing conflict involving the Algonquins of Barriere Lake, the struggle against the Northern Gateway Pipeline, the Idle No More movement and the anti-fracking protests surrounding the Elsipogtog First Nation — this book raises critical questions regarding the expansion of the security apparatus, the normalization of police surveillance targeting social movements, the relationship between police and energy corporations, the criminalization of dissent and threats to civil liberties and collective action in an era of hyper surveillance.

Protests in the Information Age: Social Movements, Digital Practices and Surveillance (2018)
Edited with Lucas Melgaço, Vrije Universiteit Brussel

Information and communication technologies have transformed the dynamics of contention in contemporary society. Social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, and devices such as smartphones have increasingly played a central role in facilitating and mobilizing social movements throughout different parts of the world. Concurrently, the same technologies have been taken up by public authorities (including security agencies and the police) and have been used as surveillance tools to monitor and suppress the activities of certain demonstrators. This book explores the complex and contradictory relationships between communication and information technologies and social movements by drawing on different case studies from around the world.

Security Aid: Canada and the Development Regime of Security (2017)

Canada is actively involved through various agencies in the domestic affairs of countries in the Global South. Over time, these practices – rationalized as a form of humanitarian assistance − have become increasingly focused on enhancing regimes of surveillance, policing, prisons, border control, and security governance.

Drawing on an array of previously classified materials and interviews with security experts, Security Aid presents a critical analysis of the securitization of humanitarian aid. Jeffrey Monaghan demonstrates that, while Canadian humanitarian assistance may be framed around altruistic ideals, these ideals are subordinate to two overlapping objectives: the advancement of Canada’s strategic interests and the development of security states in the “underdeveloped” world. Through case studies of the major aid programs in Haiti, Libya, and Southeast Asia, Security Aid provides a comprehensive analysis and reinterpretation of Canada’s foreign policy agenda and its role in global affairs.

Recent Publications

Ahmad, Fahad and Jeffrey Monaghan (2019). “Mapping criminological engagement with radicalization studies.” British Journal of Criminology.
Howe, Miles and Jeffrey Monaghan (2018). “Strategic incapacitation of Indigenous dissent: Crowd theories, risk management, and settler colonial policing.Canadian Journal of Sociology, 43(4):325-348.
Monaghan, Jeffrey and Kevin Walby (2018). “‘Hobocops’: Undercover policing’s deceptive encounters,Criminological Encounters, 1(1): 7-20.
Monaghan, Jeffrey and Kevin Walby (2017). “Surveillance of Environment Movements in Canada: Critical Infrastructure Protection and the Petro-Security Apparatus,” Contemporary Justice Review, online first.
Crosby, Andrew and Jeffrey Monaghan (2016). “Settler colonialism and the policing of Idle No More,” Social Justice, 43(2): 37-57.
Monaghan, Jeffrey and Adam Molnar (2016). “Radicalisation theories, policing practices, and ‘the future of terrorism?’,” Critical Studies on Terrorism, 9(3): 393–413.
Monaghan, Jeffrey (2016). “Security Development and the Palestinian Authority: An examination of the “Canadian Factor’,” Conflict, Security and Development, 16(2): 125-143.
Hoye, J. Matthew, and Jeffrey Monaghan (2015). “Surveillance, freedom and the republic.” European Journal of Political Theory.
Monaghan, Jeffrey (2015). “Four Barriers to Access to Information: Perspectives of a Frequent User,” in Brownlee, Jamie and Kevin Walby (eds) Access to Information and Social Justice in Canada. Winnipeg: Arbiter Ring.
Monaghan, Jeffrey (2015). “Criminal justice policy transfer and prison counter-radicalization: Examining Canadian participation in the Roma-Lyon Group,” Canadian Journal of Law and Society, 30(3): 381-400.
Monaghan, Jeffrey (2014). “Security Traps and Discourses of Radicalization: Mapping the Surveillance of Muslims in Canada,” Surveillance and Society, 12(4): 485-501.
Monaghan, Jeffrey (2013). “Mounties in the Frontier: Circulations, Anxieties, and Myths of Settler Colonial Policing in Canada,” Journal of Canadian Studies, 47(1): 122-148.
Monaghan, Jeffrey (2013). “Settler Governmentality and Racializing Surveillance in Canada’s North-West,” Canadian Journal of Sociology, 38(4): 487-508.
Monaghan, Jeffrey (2013). “Terror Carceralism: Surveillance, (in)Security Proliferation, and de/Civilization,” Punishment and Society, 15(1):3-22.
Cochrane, DT and Jeffrey Monaghan (2013). “‘A Degree of Control’: Corporations and the Struggle Against South African Apartheid,” in Di Muzio, Tim (editor) The Capitalist Mode of Power: Critical Engagements with the Power Theory of Value. Routledge/RIPE: Studies in Political Economy.
Monaghan, Jeffrey and Kevin Walby (2012). “‘… They Attacked the City’: Security Intelligence, the Sociology of Protest Policing, and the Anarchist Threat at the 2010 Toronto G20 Summit,” Current Sociology, 60(5): 653-671.
Crosby, Andy and Jeffrey Monaghan (2012). “Settler Governmentality and the Algonquin of Barriere Lake,” Security Dialogue 43(5): 420-437. (Special Issue: Governing (in)Security in the Post-Colonial World).
Monaghan, Jeffrey and Kevin Walby (2012). “Making up ‘Terror Identities’: Security Intelligence, Canada’s Integrated Threat Assessment Centre, and Social Movement Suppression,” Policing and Society, 22(2):133-155.
Monaghan, Jeffrey and Yavar Hameed (2012). “Accessing Dirty Data: Methodological Strategies for Social Problems Researchers,” in Brokering Access: Politics, Power and Freedom of Information in Canada, (eds.) Larsen, Mike and Kevin Walby. Vancouver: UBC Press, pp142-168.
Monaghan, Jeff and DT Cochrane (2012). “Fight to Win! Empiricizing Political-Economic Disruption Campaigns,” in An Economy of Sustainability: Anarchist Economics (eds.) Nocella, Anthony J. II, Deric Shannon, and John Asimakopoulos. Oakland: AK Press, pp 95-116.
Walby, Kevin and Jeffrey Monaghan (2011). “‘Haitian Paradox’ or Dark Side of the Security-Development Nexus? Canada’s Role in the Securitization of Haiti, 2004-2009,” Alternatives, 36(4): 273-287.
Walby, Kevin and Jeff Monaghan (2011). “Private Eyes and Public Order: Policing and Surveillance in the Suppression of Animal Rights Activists in Canada,” Social Movement Studies, 10(1): 21-37.
Walby, Kevin and Jeff Monaghan (2010). “Policing Proliferation: The Militarization of Police and Atomic Energy Canada Limited’s Nuclear Response Forces,” Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 52(2): 117-145.