The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), colonized by Belgium in 1885, became independent in 1960. Due to their interest in the vast minerals and other resources in the region, the US and Belgium backed the dictator Mobutu in overthrowing previous leader, Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba in 1960. Corruption siphoning off massive personal wealth, a plunge in copper prices, mounting debt ($12 billion debt) and non-representative/undemocratic government led to enormous economic, social and political downturns for the country

Democratic Republic of Congo: A Risk Assessment Brief