Since 2006, Guatemala has undergone numerous trade reforms and experienced favourable economic progress, yet continues to be ranked near the bottom of most global indices for equality and social indicators.1, 2 The 1996 Peace Accord, which put an end to 36 years of civil war between the government and various insurgent groups has enabled subsequent governments to focus their efforts on economic growth and stability. Many of the underlying conditions that initially fuelled the conflict, however, remain. The enduring power of elites, inadequate land and judicial reforms, and a growing gap between macroeconomic growth and household income have all hindered development and contributed to instability. As a result, new sources of violence – namely from drug trafficking, cartels, and gangs – have found a fertile environment from which to work, and have proliferated across the state (particularly the north) over the past decade.

Guatemala – Conflict Diagnostic