Photo of Paul Peters

Paul Peters

Associate Professor

Degrees:MES (University of Waterloo), PhD (University of Texas, Austin)
Phone:613-520-2600 x 2134

Primary field of Specialization:

Population Health; Rural Health; Spatial Data Analysis; Health Geography

Research Interests:

Despite decades of universal healthcare in Canada and elsewhere, there still remains pronounced inequalities in the social determinants of health and in health outcomes. These inequalities are manifest between social groups across a range of factors, such as income, education, or ethnicity. At the same time, these inequalities are spatially evident, with differences between provinces, regions, villages, and neighbourhoods. Perhaps counterintuitively, the patterns and processes of these inequalities can be measured using large data sources, sometimes termed “big data.” The focus of my research is on these persistent social and structural inequalities of health in small places and small spaces.

The substantive areas of my research are varied, but they are connected methodologically by the use of linked administrative and survey data, whether analysing problems manifest in small areas, or in small places. I prefer research projects that are collaborative in nature and engage with diverse international colleagues across disciplines and domains. My active research projects include: small-area rate variation for high health system users in rural areas, agent-based models of population change in rural and remote communities; and, data methods for modelling environmental health. Each of these projects is grounded in a commitment to conduct research informed by the communities and the subjects under study.

Visit the Spatial Determinants Lab to learn more!

Select Publications:

Slaunwhite A, Ronis S, Miller D, & PA Peters. (2018) “Seasonal variations in psychiatric admissions to hospital.” Canadian Psychiatry.

Peters PA, Carson D, Carson D, Porter R, Ensign P, & A Vuin. (2018) “My village is dying? Integrating methods from the inside-out.” Canadian Review of Sociology. 55(3).

Peters PA. (2017). “Population health and population change: a spatio-temporal analysis of New Brunswick communities.” Journal of New Brunswick Studies. 8(2): 87-109.

Crouse DL, Pinault L, Balram A, Hystad P, Peters PA, Chen H, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Menard R, Robichaud A, & P Villeneuve. (2017) “Urban greenness is associated with reduced risks of mortality in Canada’s largest cities: Results from a national cohort study.” Lancet: Planetary Health. 1(7): e289-e297.

Slaunwhite AK, McEachern J, Ronis S, & PA Peters. (2017) “Alcohol Distribution Reforms and School Proximity to Liquor Sales Outlets in New Brunswick.” Canadian Journal of Public Health. 108(5-6): 488-496.

Slaunwhite AK, Ronis S, Sun Y, & Peters PA. (2017) “The Emotional Health and Wellbeing of Canadians that Care for Persons with Mental Health or Addictions Problems.” Health and Social Care in the Community. 25(3): 840-847.

Peters PA, Taylor A, Carson D, & Koch A (2016). Modelling settlement futures: Techniques and challenges. In A Taylor, DB Carson, PC Ensign, L Husky, R Rasmussen and G Saxinger (Eds), Settlements at the Edge: Remote human settlements in developed nations. Gloucester, UK: Edward Elgar, 270-292.

Peters PA, Taylor,A, Carson D, & Brokensha H. (2016). Sources of data for settlement level analyses in sparsely populated areas. In A Taylor, DB Carson, PC Ensign, L Husky, R Rasmussen and G Saxinger (Eds), Settlements at the Edge: Remote human settlements in developed nations. Gloucester, UK: Edward Elgar, 153-176.

Crouse DL, Peters PA, Hystad P, Brook JR, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Villeneuve PJ, Jerrett M, Goldberg M, Pope III CA, Brauer M, Brook RD, Robichaud A, Menard R, Labrecque A, & Burnett RT. (2015). Associations between ambient PM2.5, NO2, and O3: three ambient air pollutants and mortality in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC) over a 16 year follow-up. Environmental Health Perspectives. 123(11): 1180-1186.

Crouse DL, Peters PA, Villeneuve PJ, Proux MO, Shin H, Goldberg MS, Johnson M, Wheeler A, Allen RW, Atari DO, Jerrett M, Brauer M, Brook JR, & Burnett RT. (2015). Long-term exposure to traffic-derived NO2 is associated with risk of cardiovascular mortality in 10 Canadian cities: a cohort study. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 25(5): 482-489.

Park J & Peters PA. (2014) Mortality from diabetes mellitus, 2004 to 2008: A multiple-cause-of-death analysis. Health Reports. 25(3): 12-18.

Peters PA. (2013) Inequalities in life expectancy between residents of Inuit Nunangat and of the rest of Canada, an age- and cause- decomposition from 1989-2008. Health Reports. 24(12): 3-9.

Peters PA, Tjepkema M, Fines P, Wilkins R, Crouse DL, Chan PC, & Burnett RT. (2013) Data Resource Profile: 1991 Canadian Census cohort. International Journal of Epidemiology. 42(5): 1319-1326.

Peters PA, Oliver LN, & Kohen D. (2013) Mortality among children and youth in high-percentage First Nations identity areas, 2000-2002 and 2005-2007. Rural & Remote Health 13(2424): 1-19.

Peters PA, Oliver LN, & Carrière GM. (2012). Geozones: an area-based method for analysis of health outcomes. Health Reports. 23(1): 55-64.

Peters PA. (2012) Shifting transitions: health inequalities in Inuit Nunangat in perspective. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 7(1): 36-58.

Crouse DL, Peters PA, van Donkelaar A, Goldberg MS, Villeneuve PJ, Brion O, Khan S, Atari DO, Jerrett M, Arden Pope III C, Brauer M, Brook JR, Martin RV, Stieb D, & Burnett RT. (2012). Risk of Nonaccidental and Cardiovascular Mortality in Relation to Long-term Exposure to Low Concentrations of Fine Particulate Matter: A Canadian National-level Cohort Study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 120(5): 708-714.