The Canadian team of the VULNER Project, (Vulnerabilities under the Global Protection Regime: How Does the Law Assess, Address, Shape and Produce the Vulnerabilities of the Protection Seekers?) studied how vulnerable asylum seekers (and other vulnerable migrants) are identified, and how their special reception and procedural needs are assessed and addressed in Canada. They examined legislation, case-law, policy documents and administrative guidelines. This Policy Brief explores the findings, highlighting the challenges and the shortcomings observed in Canada as well as proposing concrete policy recommendations. Given that the study draws solely on desk research, most of these findings are subject to clarification and/or confirmation following our interviews with civil servants and practitioners.