The IAI is a regional intergovernmental body that focuses on coordination around research underway regarding global change in the Americas and the SAC provides recommendations about the Science agenda, long term plans of the Institute and annual program. The SAC also leads the peer review process of proposals sent to the IAI.
The SAC is composed of ten members elected by the CoP. These members are scientists recognized internationally for their expertise in a variety of disciplines relevant to global change research.
As the main scientific advisory body of the IAI, it makes recommendations to the Conference of the Parties regarding the Science Agenda, long-range plans and annual program of the Institute. The SAC also leads the peer-review system for scientific proposals and results of IAI funded programs.