Photo of Frenand Léger

Frenand Léger

Instructor II

Degrees:B.Ed., M.A. and Ph.D.
Phone:613-520-2600 x 2187
Office:1615 Dunton Tower

Office Hours: on sabbatical from July 1st, 2022 until June 30, 2023


Before joining Carleton in 2016, he taught French and Haitian-Creole at Indiana University while completing a M.A. program in French Instruction (applied linguistics). He received his PhD. in French/Francophone literature at the University of Toronto where he also taught a number of French language and literature courses. His research in Francophone literature examines interactions between Creole orality and French writing in Haitian novels and short stories. It concentrates on a substantial body of fictional literary texts written by major Haitian novelists and short story writers from the nineteenth century to the present day. In his future research, he plans to explore the great influence of Haitian literature on Francophone writers of the global South, particularly on Caribbean and African writers. In the field of French didactics as a Foreign/Second Language, he is working with other colleagues on the creation of textbooks based on the principles of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL) and that take into consideration the great diversity of the French language and cultures throughout Canada and the world.

Research Interests

  • French and Haitian Creole teaching methodology; currently working on the creation of three French textbooks that follow the perspective actionnelle of the CEFRL
  • Creolistics and Haitian studies
  • Haitian short stories from 19th-century to the present day (Ignace Nau, Justin Lherisson, Ida Faubert and Gary Victor)
  • Theory of the lodyans (a specific type of narrative genre originated from Haiti)
  • Theory of short-story (Théorie de la nouvelle littéraire)
  • Interactions between Creole orality and French writing in Francophone novels and short stories
  • Haitian literary journalism
  • Caribbean literature in French
  • Postcolonial literary theory


  • Léger, F. Histoire, esthétique et théorie de la fiction brève de tradition haïtienne : De la nouvelle et du lodyans littéraire (Forthcoming).
  • 2018. Léger, F. Pawòl Lakay: Haitian-Creole Language and Culture for Beginners and Intermediate Learners (Second edition). Coconut Creek, Florida: Educa Vision Press, pp. 475.
  • 2007. Haitian Creole-English Bilingual Dictionary. Project director, Albert Valdman. Indiana University Creole Institute: Bloomington, Indiana, pp. 781 (Editorial assistant).

Articles in peer-reviewed journals:

  • 2020. Léger, F. « Réflexions sur la situation linguistique en Haïti : entre propagande et discours scientifique » in la publication des séminaires 2017 de la CEFAN, Presses de l’Université Laval, Collection : Culture française d’Amérique, (Forthcoming, Summer 2020).
  • 2019. Léger, F. « Le rôle de l’oralité kreyòl dans les deux lodyans de Justin Lhérisson », in Manuel Meune, Katrin Mutz et Charlotte Schallié (éd.) Stratégies d’écriture en Suisse et aux Antilles : de la diglossie affichée aux traces de langue, numéro spécial de la Revue transatlantique d’études suisses, University of Montreal, No. 8/9, 2018/19, pp. 33-52.
  • 2016. Léger, F. « Le traitement du kreyòl dans les trois premiers romans de Gary Victor ». Revue Legs et littératures, Port-au-Prince, No. 9, pp. 33-52.
  • 2015. Léger, F. « Yon koze sou sa yo rele woman nan literati franse ». Pawòl kreyòl, Revi literè Sosyete Koukouy, Montreal, Vol. 4, 2015, pp. 71-112.
  • 2013. Léger, F. « Fè pwomosyon ekri nan lang kreyòl ayisyen an: poukisa epi kouman? ». In Govain R. (eds.), Akademi Kreyòl Ayisyen : Ki pwoblèm, Ki avantaj, Ki defi, Ki avni? Port-au-Prince: State University of Haiti Press, pp. 213-230.
  • 2013. Léger, F. « Wòl lang kreyòl la nan pwosesis (re)konstriksyon Ayiti a ». Pawòl kreyòl, Revi literè Sosyete Koukouy, Montreal, Vol. 3, 2013, pp. 191-205.
  • 2010. Léger, F. Le créole haïtien aux Bahamas: image, fonctions, statut et enseignement. Journal of Haitian Studies, UC Santa Barbara, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 74-90.
  • 2009. Léger, F. Armbrister, A. P. Factors affecting the teaching and learning of Haitian Creole in The Bahamas. The College of The Bahamas Research Journal, Vol. 15, pp. 22-35, in

Book reviews in peer-reviewed journals:

  • 2017. Léger, F. « Chamoiseau: Nomadismes et intranquillité. » Présence Francophone, Revue internationale de langue et de littérature, no. 81, Lettres canadiennes, University of Toronto Quarterly, Vol. 86, No. 3, 416-419.
  • 2014. Léger, F. Hibbert, Fernand. Romulus: A Novella from 19th Century Haiti. trad. Into English by Robertshaw Matthew, Québec: Deux Voiliers Publishing. Journal of Haitian Studies, UC Santa Barbara, Vol. 20, No. 1, 120-125.
  • 2013. Léger, F. Haïti, je t’aime! Ayiti, mwen renmen ou!, s. la dir. de Lysette Brochu, Jean Malavoy et Claire-Marie Bannier, Lettres canadiennes, University of Toronto Quarterly, Vol. 82, No. 3, 808-812.

Encyclopedia articles

  • Léger, F. « La nouvelle littéraire en Haïti ». Dictionnaire encyclopédique d’Haïti. Ed. Guy Maximilien, Centre d’Études et de Culture Haïtienne, 13 pages (Forthcoming, 2020).
  • Léger, F. « L’histoire de la presse en Haïti ». Dictionnaire encyclopédique d’Haïti. Ed. Guy Maximilien, Centre d’Études et de Culture Haïtienne, 23 pages (Forthcoming, 2020).

Articles in major national newspapers and specialized websites


  • 2015-2016: Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS) from the Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and universities, Canada
  • 2012-2014: Scholarship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), Canada
  • 2006: Nominated for the French Teaching Award, French Department, Indiana University, USA
  • 2008-2010: Money grant by the Office of Research, Graduate Programmes & International Relations at The College of The Bahamas for the period of 2008-2010 to design a set of teaching and learning materials (textbook and audio CDs) for Haitian Creole courses at the college level.