Gaëlle Rivard Piché, NPSIA alumnus who completed her PhD in 2017, has published an analysis piece for The Monkey Cage, an independent site published at the Washington Post.

Piché is currently a strategic analyst with Defense Research and Development Canada. She conducted field research in El Salvador between 2012 and 2015 as part of her doctoral studies at NPSIA.

In El Salvador, criminal gangs are enforcing virus-related restrictions. Here’s why.

In Brazil, drug traffickers are imposing and enforcing curfews in some of Rio de Janeiro’s favelas. In El Salvador, the three main gangs have threatened to punish those who do not respect the state curfew. They’re not alone. Since the beginning of the novel coronavirus pandemic, criminal organizations around the world have supplemented governments’ responses to limit the spread of the virus.

My research on public order and violence in El Salvador shows that in marginalized communities controlled by criminal gangs, gangs are uniquely positioned to enforce stay-at-home orders and curfews.

Read the full article here.