The United Nations Summit to evaluate progress made toward the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) ended in New York on September 22, 2010. The outcome document—“Keeping the Promise: United to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals” —is yet another call to action so that the MDGs can be achieved by their 2015 target date. The authors of the document argue that the MDGs can still be attained if donor countries scale up their efforts and financial commitments and improve the way they deliver aid. Regardless of the fact that there are measurement issues and a lack of reliable data for several MDG objectives, targets, and indicators, there is evidence of what is happening.2 The main message reads something like this: there has been progress on the MDGs but it has been very uneven across regions and countries. Many of the goals will not be met but the one that the international community has been fixated on—namely, the halving of poverty—will likely be reached due to impressive growth rates in China and India over the past decade.