The Department offers four pathways that lead to a Bachelor of Economics (B.Econ.) Honours degree: 1) Honours without Concentration, 2) Honours with Concentration, 3) Honours with Concentrations, and 4) Honours with a Double Major.

The core of the Major part of these programs comprises 6.5 credits: 1.0 credit in Introduction to Economics (ECON 1000 or FYSM 1003) together with eleven 0.5-credit courses—in Elementary Mathematics for Economics I (MATH / ECON 1401), Elementary Mathematics for Economics II (MATH / ECON 1402), Intermediate Microeconomics I: Producers and Market Structure (ECON 2020), Intermediate Macroeconomics I (ECON 2102), Introductory Statistics for Economics (ECON 2210), Intermediate Microeconomics II: Consumers and General Equilibrium (ECON 2030), Intermediate Macroeconomics II (ECON 2103), Introductory Econometrics (ECON 2220), Research Methods in Economics (ECON 3900), Professional Practice of Economics (ECON 3920), and Honours Capstone Seminar (ECON 4905).

The Honours without Concentration Major requires an additional 4.0 credits: 2.0 credits in 3000-level Economics electives and 2.0 credits in 4000-level Economics electives.

The Honours with Concentration Major requires an additional 6.0 credits: 4.0 credits in one of seven available concentrations, 1.0 credit in 3000-level Economics electives, and 1.0 credit in 4000-level Economics electives.

The Honours with Concentrations Major requires an additional 8.0 credits: 4.0 credits in each of two of the seven available concentrations.

Electives not in Economics together with free electives make up the non-Major balance of each Honours program for a total of 20.0 credits.

Recommended Course Pattern

B.Econ. Honours (without concentration)

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4
Fall Winter Fall Winter Fall Winter Fall Winter
ECON 1000 [1.0 credit] or FYSM 1003 [1.0 credit] * ECON 2020 ECON 2030 ECON 3900 ECON 4905 
ECON 2102 ECON 2103 ECON 3920
ECON 2210 ECON 2220
ECON 1401  ECON 1402  2.0 credits in ECON at the 3000 level 2.0 credits in ECON at the 4000 level
2.0 credits in electives ¹ 1.5 credits in electives ¹ 0.5 credit in electives ² 1.0 credit in electives ² 2.0 credits in electives 2.5 credits in electives

*  Students opting for ECON 1000 should consider taking Selected Topics in Economics (FYSM 1608) for 1.0 credit or One-Term Seminar in Economics (FYSM 1908) for 0.5 credit—one of a number of different sections focussed on different sets of selected topics described at

  Instead of (MATH / )ECON 1401 and (MATH / )ECON 1402, students may take either MATH 1009 and MATH 1119 or MATH 1007 and MATH 1107. The latter substitution is strongly recommended to students with good high-school mathematics backgrounds—e.g., Ontario Grade 12 U Advanced Functions with a grade of 80% or higher.

  Students may replace the ECON 4905 requirement, together with a 0.5-credit ECON elective requirement, with a 1.0-credit Honours Essay (ECON 4908) assigned a grade of B- or higher. To qualify for this option, students must have overall and major CGPAs of 9.50 or higher, good research and writing skills, and be able to select the topic, conduct the research, and write the essay with a minimum of supervision. See The Honours Essay guidelines maintained by the Department for further details.

¹  The 3.5 credits in electives to be taken in Year 1 should be highly varied. Students are advised to seriously consider including Introduction to Computer Science I (COMP 1005), and a 1000-level Political Science (PSCI) course among them.

²  Students are advised to seriously consider including Introduction to Logic (PHIL 2001) among the 1.5 credits in electives to be taken in Year 2 or among those to be taken Year 3.