Photo of Andrew M. Johnston

Andrew M. Johnston

Associate Professor

Degrees:B.A. (Toronto), M.A. (Yale), M.Phil. (Cambridge), Ph.D. (Cambridge)
Phone:613-520-2600 x 4154
Office:414 Paterson Hall

My current research examines the “crisis” that afflicted the world’s industrial-imperial societies at the beginning of the 20th century. The project began as a study of American liberal internationalism before the First World War and has expanded into a more comprehensive international history of the diplomatic, economic, social, intellectual, and transnational filaments that crossed the north Atlantic in the generation before the war. It aims to understand how different nation-states responded to the internal fissures induced by the rise of industrial labour, women’s activism, and new voices of colonial/imperial resistance. Their responses pointed, ultimately, toward the catastrophic war of 1914, but also past it, toward a world of liberal-capitalist governance. I am currently working on a history of the 1919 Zurich Congress of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.

In a general sense, I am a historian of modern U.S. foreign relations, although the label itself is limiting. Having studied and written on NATO nuclear strategy in the 1950s, I came to the conclusion that much of what I had been doing as an international historian was barely scraping the surface. Understanding how states act on behalf of their nominal people involves, at the very least, an understanding of how such peoples are constituted historically as an identity, and how that sense of identity is postulated against a world of other identities. I was interested in George Herbert Mead’s microsociological studies of the self and am thus inclined toward a broadly social understanding of nation-state interaction, which involves trying to look at the evolution of those agents who represent the state and those—capital, religion, culture, ideas—that often transcend it. All of this is to say, that I am deeply interested not only in history, but in international relations theory, as well social and cultural theory, gender, race, imperialism, post-colonialism, the history and practice of Pragmatism, among others. I have also taught, from time to time, U.S. cultural and environmental history.

Areas of research

  • Modern U.S., international relations history and theory
  • Humanitarian intervention, human rights, power, and ideologies of “the human”
  • Modern intellectual history
  • Pragmatism
  • Cultural and social theory
  • Gender and international history, cosmopolitanism, imperialism, and liberalism
  • U.S. environmental history


Honours and Awards

2016 Favourite Faculty Award, Carleton Residence Community

2013 Nominated for a Graduate Mentor Award, Carleton University

2009 Nominated for TVOntario’s “Best Lecturer” competition

2005 Visiting Professor in American Studies, Seminar für Zeitgeschichte, Eberhard-Karls Universität Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

2003-2005 University Students’ Council Teaching Honour Roll Certificate, University of Western Ontario

2001 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Occasional Conference Grant

1999-2003 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Standard Research Grant


Selected Publications

“Dwight Eisenhower as NATO commander,” in Chester Pach, ed., A Companion to Dwight D. Eisenhower (Blackwell, forthcoming 2017)

“American Sociologists and International Sociology during the First World War,” The Academic World in the Era of the Great War (ed. by Marie-Eve Chagnon and Tomas Irish, forthcoming with Palgrave-Macmillan, 2017).

“Emily Greene Balch,” entry in Opposition to War: An Encyclopedia of United States Peace and Antiwar Movements (forthcoming 2017).

“Julia Grace Wales,” entry in Opposition to War: An Encyclopedia of United States Peace and Antiwar Movements (forthcoming 2017).

Andrew M. Johnston, Review of Andrew Johnstone, Against immediate evil: American internationalists and the four freedoms on the eve of World War II (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2014) in The Canadian Journal of History 51, 3 (2016): 637–639.

“Jeanne Halbwachs, international feminist pacifism, and France’s Société d’Études Documentaires et Critiques sur la Guerre,” Peace and Change 41, 1 (January 2016): 17-31.

Andrew M. Johnston, “The Historiography of American Intervention in the First World War,” Passport: The Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Review, 45, 1 (April 2014): 22-29.

“The disappearance of Emily G. Balch, social scientist,” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 13, 2 (April 2014): 166-199.

“The neoconservatives and Theodore Roosevelt,” in Serge Ricard and Claire Delahaye, eds., The heritage of Theodore Roosevelt (Paris: L’Harmattan, 2012).

“Sex and Gender on Roosevelt’s America,” in Serge Ricard, ed., A Companion to Theodore Roosevelt (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2011): 112-134.

Roundtable review of Shane Maddock, Nuclear apartheid: the quest for American atomic supremacy from World War II to the present (UNC Press, 2010) in H-Diplo, January-February 2011.

“Mead, Addams, Balch: feminism, pragmatism, and the vicissitudes of liberal internationalism,” in Claire Delahaye and Serge Ricard (eds.), La Grande Guerre et le combat féministe. (Paris: L’Harmattan, 2009)

“‘There must be two Americas’: Obama’s AfPak War and the Pathologies of Global Disorder,” in “‘We are going to stay long enough to set up their own institutions’: Obama and the ‘AfPak’ Question,” roundtable forum with Scott Lucas, Artemy Kalinovsky, Giles Scott-Smith, and Marilyn Young, in NeoAmericanist 4, 2 (summer 2009).

“’A functioning organism with its own voice’: the Temporary Council Committee and the strategic origins of an Atlantic Community, 1951-1952,” in Valérie Aubourg, Gérard Bossuat and Giles Scott-Smith, eds., Communauté européene, communauté atlantique? (Paris: Soleb, 2008)

Hegemony and culture in the origins of NATO nuclear strategy, 1945-1954. (New York: Palgrave- Macmillan Press, 2005)

“’Disembodied military planning’: the construction of the Medium Term Defense Plan and the diplomacy of NATO conventional strategy, 1948-1950.” Diplomacy and Statecraft, vol. 12, no. 2 (June 2001), 185-230.

“Mr. Slessor goes to Washington: the influence of the British Global Strategy Paper on the Eisenhower New Look,” Diplomatic History, vol. 22, no. 3 (Summer 1998), 361-398.


Recent Conference Presentations

“Jeanne Halbwachs and the Société d’Études documentaires et critiques sur la guerre,” World War I: Dissent, Activism, and Transformation, Georgian Court University, Lakewood, New Jersey, October 17-18, 2014.

“The theory and practice of gender in international history: what transnational feminists have taught me,” at The Berkshire Conference on the History of Women, University of Toronto, Toronto, May 25, 2014.

“Henri Bergson and the ontology of diplomacy,” for a panel entitled Ideas in Transit: Intellectual Exchanges as Foreign Relations at the Turn to the Twentieth Century, at the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations Annual Meeting, Lexington, Kentucky, 20 June 2014.

“American sociologists and international sociology during the First World War,” The Academic World in the Era of the Great War, Dublin, Ireland, August 14-16, 2014.


Graduate Supervisions

Evan Sidebottom (MA), “The Man Who Could Go Either Way: The Many Faces of Cowboy Masculinity in 1950s American Film and Advertising.” (2016)

Lee Benson (MA) (with Prof. Jim Opp), “Driving Nationalism: The Promotion of American Ideals and Identity in Automobile Film Advertisements 1930-1955.” (2015)

Tyler Sinclair (MA) (with Prof. John Walsh), “Sight Lines and Cross Flows: The Turn of the Century Planning of Philadelphia’s Benjamin Franklin Parkway.” (2014)

Guy Massie (MA), “Masculinity, Science, and the Mastery of Primitive Spaces in Turn-of-the-Century America, 1880-1930.” (2014)

Alana Toulin (MA), “Pure Food, Better Lives: Morality and Authenticity in the Promotion of Pure Food in the United States, 1890-1920.” (2014)

Maureen Mahoney (PhD): “When Europe Re-Built American Cities: Daniel H. Burnham’s City Beautiful Movement, Jane Addams’ Hull-House, and Emergent Internationalism, 1890-1920.” (2013)

Brian Foster (PhD): “Toward an Expert Peace: American Social Science and Liberal Internationalism.” (2012)

Michael Brison (MA Research Paper). “God is not neutral: George W. Bush, civil religion and the meaning of 9.11.” (2010).

Sean Curley, (MA Research Paper). “Churchills and Chamberlains: the lesson of Munich ands the rise of neoconservatism.” (2010).

Liam Kennedy (co-supervision with Audra Diptee), (MA Research Paper), “Performing slavery at Colonial Williamsburg: revision, trauma, controversy and the Department of African American Interpretation and Presentation, 1979-1994.” (2009).

Melissa Horne (co-supervision with Pamela Walker as first supervisor) (MA thesis), “The development of the concept of ‘race’ in the formative African American academies of the South from 1880-1930.” (2008).


Current Graduate Supervisions

Adrian Harewood (MA), African Americans and the war in Vietnam

Dany Guay-Belanger (M.A.) Thesis in Public History (co-supervised with Shawn Graham)

William Teal (M.A.) Thesis (co-supervised with Alek Bennett)

Carlie Visser (M.A.) Thesis, Institute of Political Economy