Photo of Janice Cavell

Janice Cavell

Adjunct Research Professor

Degrees:BA, PhD (Carleton)

Janice Cavell’s research interests include Arctic sovereignty, the cultural history of Arctic exploration (with an emphasis on nineteenth-century print culture) and the role of women in polar exploration.



Reassessing the Rogue Tory: Canadian Foreign Relations in the Diefenbaker Era (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2018). Co-edited with Ryan Touhey. Contributions: Introduction and “The Spirit of ’56: The Suez Crisis, Anti-Americanism, and Diefenbaker’s 1957 and 1958 Election Victories”

Documents on Canadian External Relations: The Arctic, 1874–1949 (Ottawa: Global Affairs Canada, 2016)

Acts of Occupation: Canada and Arctic Sovereignty, 1918–25 (UBC Press, 2010). Co-authored with Jeff Noakes
Shortlisted for the Canadian Historical Association’s Political History Book Prize

Tracing the Connected Narrative: Arctic Exploration in British Print Culture, 1818–1860 (University of Toronto Press, 2008)


“Dividing the Northern World: The Arctic and the Alaska Purchase.” Diplomatic History, forthcoming

“Canada and the High Arctic Islands, 1880–1930.” In Peder Roberts and Adrian Howkins, eds, The Cambridge History of the Polar Regions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming February 2023

“‘Consolidation and Control of All Eskimo Income’: The Motive for the 1953 High Arctic Relocation.” Journal of Canadian Studies 55, 1 (Winter 2021): 114–147

“The Sector Theory and the Canadian Arctic, 1897–1970.” International History Review 41, 6 (2019): 1168–1193 (online publication, May 2018)

“Who Discovered the Northwest Passage?” Arctic 71, 3 (September 2018): 292–308

“John Richardson’s ‘Missing’ Arctic Journal, 6–29 October 1821.” Polar Record 53, 6 (November 2017): 617–630 (online publication, February 2018)

“The Sea of Ice and the Icy Sea: The Arctic Frame of Frankenstein.” Arctic 70, 3 (September 2017): 295–307

“Canada’s Arctic Sector Claim in Historical Perspective: A Response to Alan MacEachern.” Polar Record 53, 2 (March 2017): 186–191 (online publication, November 2016)

“Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Robert Bartlett, and the Karluk Disaster: A Reassessment.” Journal of the Hakluyt Society (online only; published January 2017)

“The Polar Regions.” In Carl Thompson, ed., The Routledge Companion to Travel Writing (London: Routledge, 2016), 425–434

“Sector Claims and Counter-Claims: Joseph Elzéar Bernier, the Canadian Government, and Arctic Sovereignty, 1898–1934.” Polar Record 50, 254 (July 2014): 293–310 (online publication, July 2013)

“Publishing Sir John Franklin’s Fate: Cannibalism, Journalism, and the 1881 Edition of Leopold McClintock’s The Voyage of the ‘Fox’ in the Arctic Seas.” Book History 16 (2013): 155–184

“Making Books for Mr. Murray: The Case of William Edward Parry’s Third Arctic Narrative.” The Library: Transactions of the Bibliographical Society 7th series 14, 1 (March 2013): 45–9

“Miss Porden, Mrs. Franklin, and the Arctic Expeditions: Eleanor Anne Porden and the Construction of Arctic Heroism (1818–25).” In Frédéric Regard, ed., Arctic Exploration in the Nineteenth Century: Discovering the Northwest Passage, 79–94. London: Pickering and Chatto, 2013

“A Circumscribed Commemoration: Mrs. Rudolph Anderson and the Canadian Arctic Expedition Memorial.” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association ns 23, 1 (2012): 249–282

“‘A Little More Latitude’: Explorers, Politicians, and Canadian Arctic Policy during the Laurier Era.” Polar Record 47, 243 (October 2011): 289–309 (online publication, December 2010)

“Manliness in the Life and Posthumous Reputation of Robert Falcon Scott.” Canadian Journal of History 45, 3 (Winter 2010): 537–564 

“Lady Lucy Barry and Evangelical Reading on the First Franklin Expedition.” Arctic 63, 2 (June 2010): 131–140

“The True Northwest Passage: Explorers in Anglo-Canadian Nationalist Narratives.” Northern Review 32 (Spring 2010): 5–34

“Explorer Without a Country: The Question of Vilhjalmur Stefansson’s Citizenship.” Polar Record 45, 234 (July 2009): 237–241 (co-author with Jeff Noakes)

“Canadiana Abroad: The Department of External Affairs’ Book Presentation Programmes, 1949–1963.” American Review of Canadian Studies 39, 2 (June 2009): 81–93

“The Origins of Canada’s First Eastern Arctic Patrol, 1919–1922.” Polar Record 45, 233 (April 2009): 97–112 (co-author with Jeff Noakes)

“Going Native in the North: Reconsidering British Attitudes during the Franklin Search, 1848–1859.” Polar Record 45, 232 (January 2009): 25–35

“Historical Evidence and the Eastern Greenland Case.” Arctic 61, 4 (December 2008): 433–441

“In the Margins: Regimental History and a Veteran’s Narrative of the First World War.” Book History 11 (2008): 199–219

“‘Like Any Good Wife’: Gender and Perceptions of Canadian Foreign Policy, 1945–1975.” International Journal 63, 2 (Spring 2008): 385–403

“Representing Akaitcho: European Vision and Revision in the Writing of John Franklin’s Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea.” Polar Record 44, 228 (January 2008): 25–34

“Suez and After: Canada and British Policy in the Middle East, 1956–1960.” Journal of the Canadian Historical Association ns 18, 1 (2007): 157–178

“The Hidden Crime of Dr. Richardson.” Polar Record 43, 225 (April 2007): 155–164

“Comparing Mythologies: Twentieth-Century Canadian Constructions of Sir John Franklin.” In Norman Hillmer and Adam Chapnick, eds., Canadas of the Mind: The Making and Unmaking of Canadian Nationalisms in the Twentieth Century, 15–45. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2007

“Arctic Exploration in Canadian Print Culture, 1890–1930.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada 44, 2 (Fall 2006): 7–43 

“The Imperial Race and the Immigration Sieve: The Canadian Debate on Assisted British Migration and Empire Settlement, 1900–1930.” Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 34, 3 (September 2006): 345–367

“The Second Frontier: The North in English-Canadian Historical Writing.” Canadian Historical Review 83, 3 (September 2002): 364–389

Research Notes

“Further Evidence and Reflections on Joseph Elzéar Bernier’s 1907 and 1909 Sovereignty Claims.” Polar Record 49, 251 (October 2013): 406–408 (online publication, March 2012)

“‘As Far as 90 North’: Joseph Elzéar Bernier’s 1907 and 1909 Sovereignty Claims.” Polar

Record 46, 239 (October 2010): 372–373 (online publication, February 2010)

Selected Book Reviews

Review of Andrew Stuhl, Unfreezing the Arctic: Science, Colonialism, and the Transformation of Inuit Lands. American Historical Review 124, 3 (June 2019): 1056–1057

Review of Ken McGoogan, Dead Reckoning: The Untold Story of the Northwest Passage. Globe and Mail, 28 October 2017, R10

Review of Adriana Craciun, Writing Arctic Disaster: Authorship and Exploration. Journal of Historical Geography 57 (May 2017): 108–109

Review of Gordon W. Smith, A Historical and Legal Study of Sovereignty in the Canadian North: Terrestrial Sovereignty, 1870–1939. Polar Research 34, (online only; published September 2015)

Review of P. Whitney Lackenbauer, The Canadian Rangers: A Living History. Canadian Historical Review 95, 2 (June 2014): 297–299

Review of Marjolaine Saint-Pierre, Joseph-Elzéar Bernier: Champion of Canadian Arctic Sovereignty, 1852–1934. Polar Record 47, 240 (January 2011): 91–92 (online publication, February 2010)

Other Publications

“Arctic Atlantis.” Canada’s History 100, 1(February/March 2020): 20–27

“Sir John Franklin.” Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online only; published July 2019)

Honours and Awards

2012 Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal