Hub Research Members are members of MeWeRTH and the Carleton University community with a shared interest in mental health, well-being, resilience and collaboration. You can learn more about our Hub Research Members below:
|Kenta Asakura, MSW, RSW, LICSW, PhD
Keywords: Clinical social work and psychotherapy; Clinical education; Simulation-based research; Resilience science; Qualitative & mixed-methods research
Dually licensed/registered as a clinical social worker in Canada and the U.S., I bring 20 years of mental health practice into my program of research. As the Director of SIM Social Work Research Lab, my research focuses on (1) practice competencies among mental health professionals, using simulation (e.g., use of trained actors as simulated patients) as an innovative research methodology and (2) simulation-based clinical teaching and learning. My most recent study uses simulated patients to examine how mental health professionals conduct assessment of COVID-19 pandemic-triggered stress and trauma on a teleconference platform (e.g., Zoom).
Asakura, K., Lee, B., Occhiunto, K. & Kourgiantakis, T. (In Press). Observational learning in social work education: Comparison of interviews and observers. Social Work Education: The International Journal.
Asakura, K., Occhiuto, K., Todd, S., Leithead, C., & Clapperton, R. (In Press). A call to action on Artificial Intelligence and social work education: Lessons learned from a simulation project using Natural Language Processing. Journal of Teaching in Social Work
Kourgiantakis, T., Saunders, J., Sewell, K., Asakura, K. & Bogo, M. (In Press). Students’ conceptualization of culture and diversity in social work practice: A simulation-based study. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity.
Asakura, K., Gheorghe, R., Borgen, S., Sewell, K., & MacDonald, H. (2020). Using simulation as an investigative methodology in researching competencies of clinical social work practice: A scoping review. Clinical Social Work Journal. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10615-020-00772-x
Asakura, K., Lundy, J., Black, D., & Tierney, C. (2020). Art as a transformative practice: A participatory action research project with trans* youth. Qualitative Social Work, 19(5/6), 1061-1077. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473325019881226
|Dr. Benoit-Antoine Bacon
Keywords: Perception, vision, audition, multisensory, trauma
My research is focused on perception in the visual and auditory systems, and on the integration and processing of sensory signals in the brain towards elaborating our perception of what we call reality. I have also become interested in how trauma – physical and emotional – impacts brain structure and function, and in how these negative effects can be mitigated and even reversed. As someone with lived experience of childhood trauma, mental health struggles, and substance use, I speak publicly on these issues to break the stigma and promote the important idea that healing is always possible.
Lefebvre, G., Guay, S., Chamard, E., Theaud, G., de Guise, E., Bacon, B.A., Descoteaux, M., De Beaumont, L., Théoret H. (2020) Diffusion tensor imaging in contact and non-contact university-level sport athletes. Journal of Neurotrauma. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2020.7170
Bacon, B.A. (2020) Healing From trauma: On the other side of pain, there is resilience, purpose and gratitude. Your Workplace Magazine. MAR/APR 2020, 22(2), 12-16.
Sharp, A., Houde, M.S., Bacon, B.A., & Champoux, F. (2019) Musicians show better auditory and tactile identification of emotions in music. Frontiers in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01976
Larson-Dupuis, C., Chamard, E., Falardeau, V., Frasnelli, J., Beaulieu, C., Poirier, J., Carrier, J., Lassonde, M., Theoret, H., Bacon, B.A., & De Beaumont, L. (2015) Impact of BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on olfactory functions of female concussed athletes. Brain Injury, 29(7-8), 963-970.
Pirmoradi, M., Beland, R., Nguyen, D.K., Bacon, B.A. & Lassonde, M. (2010) Language tasks used for the presurgical assessment of epileptic patients with MEG. Epileptic Disorders, 12(2), 97-108.
|Dr. Rachel Burns
Keywords: mental health, positive mental health, chronic health conditions, diabetes, health behaviour change
My research focuses on health behaviour change and health outcomes. I leverage theory to identify the social and cognitive processes that shape how people manage their health behaviour and examine how these processes unfold over time. This information is used to inform, implement, and/or evaluate interventions, which, in turn, provide an evidence base to inform theory. I have a particular interest in the associations between mental health, health behaviours, and health outcomes in individuals with type 2 diabetes, though my interests are not limited to this population. Currently, my work examines habits for self-management behaviour, the influence of close others on health behaviour, and the application of theory to existing health behaviour change interventions.
Burns, R.J., Deschênes, S.S, Knäuper, B. & Schmitz, N. (in press). Habit strength as a moderator of the association between symptoms of poor mental health and unintentional non-adherence to oral hypoglycemic medication in adults with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Health Psychology.
Burns, R.J., Deschênes, S.S. & Schmitz, N. (2016). Associations between depressive symptoms and social support in adults with diabetes: Comparing directionality hypotheses with a longitudinal cohort. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50, 348-357.
Howland, M., Farrell, A.K., Simpson, J.A., Rothman, A.J., Burns, R.J., Fillo, J. & Wlaschin, J. (2016). Relational effects on physical activity: A dyadic approach to the theory of planned behavior. Health Psychology, 35, 733-741.
Burns, R.J., Rothman, A.J., Fu, S.S., Lindgren, B., Vock, D. & Joseph, A.M. (2016). Longitudinal care helps struggling smokers quit by increasing cessation self-efficacy, satisfaction, and readiness to quit: A mediated moderation analysis. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50, 58-69.
Burns, R.J., Deschênes, S.S. & Schmitz, N. (2015). Associations between coping strategies and mental health in individuals with type 2 diabetes: Prospective analyses. Health Psychology, 35, 78-86.
|Dr. Robert Coplan
Keywords: Developmental Psychopathology; Social anxiety; Solitude; Social Withdrawal; Culture
My general research interests are in the areas of children’s socio-emotional functioning and developmental psychopathology. In particular, I am interested in the development of shyness, social withdrawal, and social anxiety in childhood. My most recent research projects have focused on: (1) the costs and benefits of solitude in childhood, adolescence, and emerging adulthood; (2) the challenges faced by shy and anxious children at school; and (3) the meaning and implications of social withdrawal across different cultures.
Baardstu, S., Coplan, R.J., Karevold, E.B., Laceulle, O.M., & von Soest, T. (2020). Longitudinal pathways from shyness in early childhood to personality in adolescence: Do peers matter? Journal of Research on Adolescence, 30, 362-379.
Coplan, R.J., Hipson, W.E., Archbell, K.A., Ooi, L.L., Baldwin, D., & Bowker, J.C. (2019). Seeking more solitude: Conceptualization, assessment, and implications of aloneliness. Personality and Individual Differences, 148, 17-26.
Coplan, R.J., Ooi, L.L., & Baldwin, D. (2019). Does it matter when we want to be alone? Exploring developmental timing effects in the implications of unsociability. New Ideas in Psychology [Special Issue: Personality Development from Multiple Perspectives and Contexts], 53, 47-57.
Ding, X., Coplan, R.J., Deng, X., Ooi, L.L., Li, D., & Sang, B. (2019). Sad, scared, or rejected? A short-term longitudinal study of the predictors of social avoidance in Chinese children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47, 1265-1276.
Chronis-Tuscano, A., Danko, C.M., Rubin, K.H., Coplan, R.J., & Novick, D.R. (2018). Developmentally-grounded early interventions for young at risk for the development of social anxiety: Review and directions for future research. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 47, 655-667.
|Dr. Chad Danyluck
Key words: physiological synchrony/co-regulation, stress transmission, discrimination, stress, well-being
I am a social psychophysiologist who studies interpersonal interactions. My primary research interests focus on understanding the interpersonal processes that promote and detract from the health and wellbeing of underrepresented groups, with an emphasis on Indigenous people. To target these goals, I use ecologically valid methods (e.g., community-based research, field studies, as well as psychophysiological, dyadic, and group-based designs), advanced statistics (e.g., structural equation modeling, multilevel modelling), and open science practices (e.g., pre-registrations, pre-print, data and code sharing). My aim is to understand the combination of subjective, behavioral, physiological, and social factors that support harmonious interpersonal relationships in diverse societies and to help underrepresented groups live safer, healthier, and happier lives.
Blair, I. V., Danyluck, C., Judd, C. M., Manson, S. M., Laudenslager, M. L., Daugherty, S. L., … & Brondolo, E. (in press). Validation of the Brief Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire – Community Version, in American Indians and Alaska Natives. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.
Danyluck, C. & Page-Gould, E. (2019). Social and physiological context affects the meaning of physiological synchrony. Scientific Reports. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-44667-5
Danyluck, C. & Page-Gould, E. (2018). Intergroup dissimilarity predicts physiological synchrony and affiliation in intergroup interaction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 74, 111-120.
Page-Gould, E. & Danyluck, C. (2016). The biological perspective on intergroup relations. Invited chapter for E. Harmon-Jones & M. Inzlicht (Eds.), Social Neuroscience: Biological Approaches to Social Psychology. Psychology Press.
|Dr. Chris Davis
Keywords: meaning-making, posttraumatic growth, adjustment, bereavement, secret-keeping
One line of research concerns the cognitive and emotional adaptations people make following life-changing experiences, including those associated with loss of significant others (e.g., bereavement), injury (e.g., spinal cord injury), chronic debilitating health conditions (such as tinnitus), as well as those experiences most people look forward to (e.g., transition to parenthood). My research examines how people find meaning in loss and transitions of this sort and how these factors promote personal growth and well-being.
A second line of research concerns the psychological consequences of secret-keeping. A lot of research suggests that people who keep secrets from their significant others are more anxious, depressed, and are less satisfied with their relationships, yet we do not have a good understanding of the mechanisms by which secrets have their negative effects on health and wellness. In our research, we are investigating the processes through which secret-keeping affects health.
Davis, C. G., Brazeau, H., Xie, E. B., McKee, K. (2020). Secrets, psychological health, and the fear of discovery. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. (online ahead of print) doi: 10.1177/0146167220946195
Brazeau, H. & Davis, C. G. (2018). Hope and psychological health and well-being following spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 63, 258-266. DOI:10.1037/rep0000209
Davis, C. G., & Porter, J. E. (2018). Pathways to growth following trauma and loss. In C.R. Snyder, S. J. Lopez, L. M. Edwards, and S. C. Marques, (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
|Dr. James Deaville
Keywords: music, disability, madness, muteness, eugenics
James Deaville teaches in the Music area of the School for Studies in Art and Culture. His research has focused on (among other topics) the intersections of music and disability, especially in screen representations of madness and muteness. By studying such audiovisual mediations of disability, he has been able to trace the lasting influence of eugenics in current film and television. He is currently in the second year of a four-year SSHRC Insight Grant “Sounds of Body: Muteness, Music, and Eugenics in Screen Representation.
“The moaning of (un-)life: Animacy, muteness and eugenics in cinematic and televisual representation,” Journal of Interdisciplinary Voice Studies 4, no. 2 (2019): 225-46.
“Sounds of Mind: Music and Madness in the Popular Imagination,” in The Oxford Handbook of Music and Disability Studies, ed. by Blake Howe, Stephanie Jensen-Moulton, Neil Lerner, Joseph Straus (New York: Oxford University Press, 2016), 640-660.
“More Than the Blues: Clinical Depression, Invisible Disabilities and Academe,” Music Theory Online 15, nos. 3-4 (August, 2009), at: http://mto.societymusictheory.org/issues/mto.09.15.3/mto.09.15.3.deaville.html
In preparation: “Hearing the ‘American Nightmare’: Deafness, Madness, and Jazz in It’s A Wonderful Life.”
|Dr. Kathryne Dupré
Keywords: Employee well-being and healthy work; interpersonal workplace mistreatment and harassment; leadership, supervision and interpersonal relationships; the work and life interface
At a broad level, I am interested in the determining factors and consequences of healthy work and employee well-being. That is, through my research, I am interested in examining and contributing to the understanding of employment that promotes and enhances both psychological and physical health, safety and well-being. Through my research I also aim to encourage leaders, managers and supervisors to behave, and make decisions, in ways that foster healthy work, ultimately resulting in more effective and productive organizations.
Ivey, G. W., & Dupré, K. E. (2020). Workplace Mentorship: A Critical Review. Journal of Career Development, 0894845320957737.
Oyet, M., Arnold, K.E., & Dupré, K.E. (2019). Differences among women in response to workplace incivility: Perceived dissimilarity as a boundary condition. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal.
Mazumdar, B., Warren, A.M., & Dupré, K.E. (2018). Extending the understanding of bridge employment: A critical analysis. Personnel Review, 20, 345-1361.
Dupré, K.E., Dawe, K., & Barling, J. (2014). Harm to those who serve: Effects of direct and vicarious customer-initiated workplace aggression. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29, 2355-2377.
Byrne, A., Barling, J., & Dupré, K.E. (2014). Leader apologies and employee and leader well-being. Journal of Business Ethics, 121, 91-106.
|Dr. Linda Duxbury
Keywords: Work-life Balance, Employee Wellbeing, role overload
Linda Duxbury is a Professor at the Sprott School of Business, Carleton University. Within the past two decades (1991, 2001, 2012, 2013) she has completed major studies on Balancing Work and Family in the public, private Sectors and not for profit sectors in which over 70,000 Canadian employees participated. Linda has published widely in both the academic and practitioner literatures in the area of work-family conflict, change management, supportive work environments, overload and stress, telework, how the use of email impacts employee wellbeing, managing the new workforce and supportive management. Recently her work has focused on balancing work, childcare and eldercare. She also works closely with police services in Canada and Scotland on issues associated with police officer wellbeing. She is currently working on four major studies exploring the impact of COVID-19 on work-life balance and employee wellbeing.
Duxbury, L. and Higgins, C. (2017). Something’s Got to Give: Balancing Work, Childcare and Eldercare, University of Toronto Press: Toronto
Smith, C. and Duxbury, L. (in Press). It’s not just what you say, but how you say it! A case study exploring union-member communications, https://doi.org/10.1111/irj.12278 Industrial Relations Journal
Halinski, M. and Duxbury, L. (In Press). Workplace flexibility and its relationship with work-interferes-with-family, Accepted for Publication, Personnel Review, 49 (1)149-166 https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-01-2019-0048
Smith, C., Duxbury, L., and Halinski, M. (2019) It’s Not Just About Paying Your Dues: Impact of Generational Cohort on Active and Passive Union Participation, Human Resource Management Journal, 29 (3), pg. 371-394. https://doi.org/10.1111/1748-8583.12230 A ranked
Smith, C. and Duxbury, L (2019). Attitudes Towards Unions Through a Generational Cohort Lens, The Journal of Social Psychology, 159 (2), 190-209. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2019.1570906B ranked
|Cathy Malcolm Edwards
Keywords: accessibility, comfort, mental health, built environment
I believe that starting from a place of empathy and compassion honours the knowledge and experiences of all individuals. Using strategic design and other collaborative methods, I facilitate and engage in research projects, knowledge mobilization, and motivate communities along their journeys of social change.
I am particularly curious about our everyday relationship with the built environment and its impact on mental health. There is little research exploring the psychosocial impact that the built environment may have on those interacting with it. I am privileged to explore my research interests as apart of Carleton’s READ (Research Education Accessibility and Design) initiative and as a student in both the Masters in Design and READi programs.
Matheson, K., & Edwards, C. M. (2016). Perspectives on Knowledge Mobilization: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Technology Innovation Management Review, 6, 4–8. https://doi.org/http://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1014
Malcolm Edwards, C., Collins, J., & Chipere, N. (2017). Design for Social Impact. Proceedings of the 27th Annual International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering, 358.
|Dr. Katie Gunnell
Keywords: physical activity, well-being, screen time, validity theory
I am interested in understanding the psychological correlates and mechanisms of psychological health and behaviour across various populations including youth, adults, and individuals diagnosed with osteoporosis. I examine all aspects of the psychological health continuum including ill-being (e.g., symptoms of depression), hedonic well-being (e.g., positive affect), and eudaimonic well-being (e.g., vitality). The behaviours I am interested in understanding include physical activity and recreational screen time (e.g., watching TV, playing video games). In an effort to better understand how to enhance psychological health and physical activity and decrease screen time, I am particularly interested in psychological needs (e.g., competence, autonomy, and relatedness) and motivation as mechanisms for change. In a secondary line of research, I am interested in psychometrics and quantitative statistics.
Gunnell, K. E., Mosewich, A. D., McEwen, C. E., Eklund, R. C., & Crocker, P. R. E (2017). Don’t be so hard on yourself! Changes in self-compassion during the first year of university are associated with changes in well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 107, 43-48. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.032.
Gunnell, K. E., Flament, M. F., Buchholz, A., Henderson, K. A., Obeid, N, Schubert, N., & Goldfield, G. S. (2016). Examining the bidirectional relationship between physical activity, screen time, and symptoms of anxiety and depression over time during adolescence. Preventive Medicine, 88, 147-152. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.04.002.
Gunnell, K. E., Bélanger, M., & Brunet, J. (2016). A tale of two models: changes in psychological need satisfaction and physical activity over 3 years. Health Psychology, 35, 167-177. doi. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/hea0000259.
Gunnell, K. E., Gareau, A., & Gaudreau, P. (2016). Introduction to factor analysis and structural equation modelling. In N. Ntoumanis, & N. D. Myers (Eds.). An Introduction to Intermediate and Advanced Statistical Analyses for Sport and Exercise Scientists (pp. 79-99). Chichester, United Kingdom; Wiley.
Gunnell, K. E., Schellenberg, B. J. I. Wilson, P. M., Crocker, P. R. E., Mack, D. E., & Zumbo, B. D. (2014). A review of validity evidence presented in the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (2002-2012): Misconceptions and recommendations for validation research. In B. D. Zumbo & K. H. Chan (Eds.). Validity and validation in social, behavioral, and health sciences (pp137-156). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-07794-9_8
|Dr. Cheryl Harasymchuk
Keywords: Close relationships, leisure experiences, growth, relationship maintenance, relationship satisfaction
I am interested in how people maintain happy relationships (e.g., dating, marital, friendship) and the associated challenges. One line of my research focuses on relational boredom, namely, how people come to be bored in their relationships, the effects that boredom has on the relationship, and how people cope. My second line of research centers on the engagement of novel couple activities and people’s expectations for excitement in relationships. Additionally, I have research interests related to different types of love, including compassionate love, as well as friendship maintenance.
Harasymchuk, C., Muise, A., Bacev-Giles, C., Gere, J., & Impett, E. (2020). Broadening your horizon one day at a time: The role of daily approach relationship goals in shaping self-expansion. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 37, 1910-1926.
Muise, A., Harasymchuk, C., Day, L. C., Bacev-Giles, C., Gere, J., & Impett, E. A. (2019). Broadening your horizons: Self-expanding activities promote desire and satisfaction in established romantic relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 116(2), 237- 258.
Harasymchuk, C., Cloutier, A., Peetz, J., & Lebreton, J. (2017). Spicing up the relationship? The effects of relational boredom on shared activities. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 34(6), 833-854.
|Dr. Andrea Howard
Keywords: transition to university, depression, anxiety, substance use, quantitative methods
Dr. Andrea Howard is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Carleton University, with a research program focused on promoting well-being and mental health in adolescence and the transition to adulthood. The unique challenges of the transition to university figure prominently in her work. Current projects capture repeated measures across the academic year and examine emotion-substance use links, changing patterns of depression and anxiety symptoms, challenges faced by youth with ADHD, and roles of parent support and involvement in a successful transition to university.
Selected Publications (trainees’ names in italics):
Macdonald, E. P., & Howard, A. L. (in press). Peer information and substance use decision-making in street-involved youth. Journal of Research on Adolescence.
Howard, A. L., Alexander, S. M., & Dunn, L. C. (in press). Helicopter parenting is unrelated to student success and well-being: A latent profile analysis of perceived parenting and academic motivation during the transition to university. Emerging Adulthood.
Howard, A. L., Kennedy, T. M., Mitchell, J. T., Sibley, M. H., Hinshaw, S. P., Arnold, L. E., Roy, A., Stehli, A., Swanson, J. M., & Molina, B. S. G. (2020). Early substance use in the pathway from childhood ADHD to young adult substance use: Evidence of statistical mediation and substance specificity. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 34(2), 282-292.
Howard, A. L., Kennedy, T. M., Macdonald, E. P., Mitchell, J. T., Sibley, M. H., Roy, A., Arnold, L. E., Epstein, J. N., Hinshaw, S. P., Hoza, B., Stehli, A., Swanson, J. M., & Molina, B. S. G. (2019). Depression and ADHD-related risk for substance use in adolescence and early adulthood: Concurrent and prospective associations in the MTA. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47(12), 1903-1916.
Barker, E. T., Howard, A. L., Villemaire-Krajden, R., & Galambos, N. L. (2018). The rise and fall of depressive symptoms and academic stress in two samples of university students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(6), 1252-1266.
|Dr. Bernhard Leistle
Keywords: Phenomenology of mental health and illness; psychological anthropology; anthropology of psychiatry
Bernhard Leistle (Department of Sociology and Anthropology) is a cultural anthropologist and phenomenologist working at the intersection between philosophy and anthropology. In the area of health research, he is interested in the lived experiences and phenomenological structures of mental health and illness, as well as in the study of psychiatry and other therapeutic systems from a cultural anthropological perspective.
Leistle, Bernhard (forthcoming) “Im Zwischenreich der Therapie: Anmerkungen zu Georges Devereux’s Realität und Traum (The In-Between of Therapy: Remarks on Georges Devereux’s Reality and Dream)” In: Barbara Schellhammer (ed.) Texte und Kontexte der Philosophie: Zu Bernhard Waldenfels’ Erfahrung, die zur Sprache drängt. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag
Leistle, Bernhard 2017. “’The Order of the World’. A Responsive Phenomenology of Schreber’s Memoirs.” In: Bernhard Leistle (ed.) Anthropology and Alterity: Responding to the Other. New York: Routledge, 254 – 281
Leistle, Bernhard 2014.”From the Alien to the Other – Steps toward a Phenomenology of Spirit Possession. In: Anthropology of Consciousness 25/1: 53 – 90
|Dr. Stefania Maggi
Keywords: climate change, child and youth mental health, psychological wellbeing, resilience, children’s rights, social determinants, participatory research, community based research
My goal as a researcher is to serve children and youth and contribute to the best possible outcomes in their developmental trajectories. I am an interdisciplinary scholar with a background in population health sciences, epidemiology, developmental and educational psychology. I am also a climate change psychologist and a child rights advocate. My most impactful work is the one I do in partnership with communities, governmental and non-organizations organizations dedicated to the wellbeing of children and youth, in Canada and abroad.
Maggi S., (2019). Career guidance for kids is our best hope for climate change. The Conversation, January 9, 2019. https://theconversation.com/career-guidance-for-kids-is-our-best-hope-for-climate-change-108823
Rocca, C., Maggi S., et al. (2019). If it takes a village to raise a child how should the village do it? Italian Journal of Sociology of Education, 2(1): 293-321.
Bezo, B & Maggi, S. (2015). Living in “survival mode”: intergenerational transmission of trauma from the Holomodor genocide of 1932-1933 in Ukraine. Social Science and Medicine, 134: 87-94.
Alaca, B., Rocca C. & Maggi, S. (2016). Understanding communities through the eyes and voices of children. Early Child Development and Care.
Bezo B., Maggi S., & Roberts W. (2012). The rights and freedom gradient of health: evidence from a cross-national study. Frontiers in Psychology, 3:441.
|Dr. Marina Milyavskaya
Keywords: self-regulation; goal pursuit; perfectionism
Why are we successful in our pursuit of certain goals, but not others? My research examines this question, looking at the contextual and individual factors that promote successful goal pursuit and attainment, as well as the self-regulatory mechanisms implicated in this process. I use a multi-method approach to studying self-regulation including experimental, prospective, and experience-sampling studies, focusing on idiosyncratic personal goals, including health goals. This research helps shed light on how people can improve their goal pursuit to accrue the psychological and physical benefits of attaining their goals. A secondary line of research investigates the effects of perfectionism on mental health.
Levine, S., Milyavskaya, M., & Zuroff, D. (2020). Perfectionism in the transition to university: Comparing diathesis-stress and downward spiral models of depressive symptoms. Clinical Psychological Science, 8, 52-64.
Smyth, A., *Werner, K.W., Milyavskaya, M., Holding, A., & Koestner, R.(2020). Do mindful individuals set better goals? Investigating the relations between trait mindfulness, self-concordance, and goal progress. Journal of Research in Personality, online first.
Wang, K., & Milyavskaya, M (2020). Simple Pleasures: How Goal-Aligned Behaviours Relate to State Happiness. Motivation Science, 6(2), 156–163.
Werner, K. & Milyavskaya, M. (2019). Motivation and self-regulation: The role of want-to motivation in the processes underlying self-regulation and self-control. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 13, e12425.
Milyavskaya, M., Berkman, E., & de Ridder, DTD (2019). The many faces of self-control: Articulating implicit assumptions and recommendations to deal with them. Motivation Science, 5, 79-85.
|Dr. Carlos Novas
Keywords: rare diseases; orphan drugs; health disparities; biopolitics; bioeconomics; governmentality
My research focuses on the history of orphan drug legislation and the development of rare disease policies in various national contexts. I am currently investigating the history of patients’ group activism in Chile and their instrumental role in developing legislation for the funding of a select number for orphan drug treatments. As part of this study I am exploring the health disparities and forms of indebtedness that many Chilean rare disease patients experience in seeking a diagnosis for their illness or in relation to treatment expenses.
Novas, Carlos (2015) ‘Biocitizenship’, in J.D. Wright (ed), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (Second Edition) (Oxford: Elsevier): 610-12.
Novas, Carlos (2010) ‘Standards, Orphan Drugs, and Pharmaceutical Markets’, in V. Higgins & W. Larner (eds), Calculating the Social: Standards and the Reconfiguration of Governing (Basingstoke: Macmillan): 185-202.
Novas, Carlos (2009) ‘Orphan drugs, patient activism and contemporary health care’, Quaderni 68(Hiver 2008-2009):13-24.
Novas, Carlos (2008) ‘Patients, profits and values: Myozyme as an exemplar of biosociality’, in S. Gibbon & C. Novas (eds), Biosocialities, Genetics and the Social Sciences: Making Biologies and Identities (London: Routledge): 136-56.
Gibbon, Sahra & Carlos Novas (eds) (2008) Biosocialities, Genetics and the Social Sciences: Making Biologies and Identities (London: Routledge).
Novas, Carlos (2006) ‘The Political Economy of Hope: Patients’ Organizations, Science and Biovalue’, Biosocieties 1(3):289-305.
Rose, Nikolas & Carlos Novas (2005) ‘Biological citizenship’, in A. Ong & S. Collier (eds), Global Assemblages: Technology, Politics, and Ethics as Anthropological Problems (Malden MA: Blackwell): 439-63.
|Dr. Johanna Peetz
Keywords: behavior change, identity and health, financial stress, close relationships
My research focuses on three separate aspects of well-being, all of which center on individuals’ cognition about aspects of their day-to-day life. In one line of research, I examine how health behaviors and individuals’ sense of self may be affected by cues of time representation. For instance, the format of a calendar can affect whether individuals see today as the first day of a new time period which motivates goal-directed behavior. Calendar formats can also introduce psychological barriers to dreaded past or future events, protecting a positive sense of self in the present. In another line of research, I examine how financial decisions may affect life satisfaction and well-being. I am particularly interested in how to optimize individuals’ day-to-day spending habits to ease financial stress (and corresponding lower life satisfaction) caused by overspending. In a third line of research I examine how close relationships are linked to well-being. How individuals think about their romantic relationships and their friendships – even their ex-relationships – can affect not only their satisfaction with these relationships but also their overall life satisfaction and sense of personal value.
Peetz, J., Milyavskaya, M., & Kammrath, L. (in press). How partner-oriented decisions benefit relationships: An experience sampling study. Personal Relationships.
Peetz, J. & Grossmann, I. (2020). Wise reasoning about the future is associated with adaptive interpersonal feelings after relational challenge. Social Psychological and Personality Science. https://psyarxiv.com/8nwr4/
Robson, J. & Peetz, J. (in press). Can psychological variables help us understand gender differences in financial literacy and financial capability? Journal of Consumer Affairs.
Davydenko, M. & Peetz, J. (2019). Does it matter if a week starts on Monday or Sunday?: How calendar format can motivate goal motivation in the moment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 82, 231-237.
Peetz, J., & Wilson, A. E. (2014). Marking Time. Selective use of temporal landmarks as barriers between current and future selves. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40, 44-56
|Dr. Joanna Pozzulo
Keywords: child eyewitness, memory, police procedure, lineup, juror decision-making
Dr. Pozzulo is passionate about teaching in the area of mental health. New for Fall 2020, Dr. Pozzulo has created the capstone course for the Stream in Mental Health and Well-Being as part of the B.A. Honours Psychology Program. PSYC 4330: Community Mental Health focuses on students developing practical mental health and well-being skills, and will provide students with experiential learning opportunities in departments across campus that deliver mental health programs. Additionally, Dr. Pozzulo is currently developing the capstone course for the concentration in mental health and well-being at the graduate level.
The goal of Dr. Pozzulo’s research is to understand how memory in the applied context of witnessing crime differs developmentally and the cognitive/social processes eyewitnesses engage to recall the event and recognize the culprit. On an applied level, Dr. Pozzulo is interested in developing age-appropriate identification procedures that police can use with eyewitnesses. Dr. Pozzulo is focused on evidence-based, best practices for child eyewitness identification with the aim of reducing wrongful conviction.
As a secondary line of research, Dr. Pozzulo is interested in the factors that influence perceptions of historical cases of sexual misconduct within a juror-decision-making paradigm.
Pozzulo, J.D., Pica, E., & Sheahan, C. (Eds.). (2020). Memory and Sexual Misconduct: Psychological Research for Criminal Justice. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group. (360pp)
Pozzulo, J.D., & Bennell, C. (Eds.). (2018). Working with Trauma-Exposed Children and Adolescents: Evidence-Based and Age-Appropriate Practices. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group. (340pp)
Pozzulo, J.D. (2016). Describing and Identifying Perpetrators: The Young Eyewitness. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. (232pp)
Thompson, L. E., Pozzulo, J., Pratt, K. J., Sheahan, C. L., Fraser, B. M., & Deweyert, C. E.(2020). Testing a new lineup procedure with children: The elimination with wildcard. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.
Pica, E., Sheahan, C.L., Pozzulo, J., & Bennell, C. (2020). Guns, gloves, and tasers: Perceptions of police officers and their use of weapon as a function of race and gender. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-020-09365-3
Pica, E., Sheahan, C.L., Pozzulo, J., & Bennell, C. (2020). Guns, gloves, and tasers: Perceptions of police officers and their use of weapon as a function of race and gender. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-020-09365-3
|Dr. Ralph Serin
Keywords: Mental health, protective factors, crime desistance
My current research examines factors related to success on supervision for individuals in conflict with the law demonstrating that protective factors mitigate risk. Recently my lab has been examining the confluence between mental health diagnoses, trauma, self-efficacy, mental health, strengths, criminal risk assessment and client outcome (no papers submitted yet). The goal of this research is to highlight the importance of client change and to transform correctional practice (parole decision-making and community supervision) from control to change agent. New research is examining client change and the role of strengths across hospital and correctional agencies in Canada, the US and the UK.
Serin, R.C. and Chadwick, N. (in preparation). Assessing Dynamic Risk and Protective Factors among Male Probationers and Parolees in Iowa: The Utility of the Dynamic Risk Assessment for Offender Re-entry
Serin, R.C. and Lloyd, C.D. (2019). Integration of the Risk Need, Responsivity (RNR) model and crime desistance perspective: Implications for community correctional practice. Advancing Corrections,7.
(2016) Dynamic risk and protective factors, Psychology, Crime & Law, 22:1-2, 151-170,
|Dr. Karen Sewell
Key words: child and youth mental health, clinical supervision, clinical practice, evidence-based and informed intervention development, intervention and implementation research
Karen is clinical social worker with over twenty years of practice experience, and a research profile demonstrating commitment to community-based child and youth mental health, the social work profession, and transformative social work pedagogy including simulation-based learning. Her program of research centers on the improvement of mental health services for children and youth from vulnerable and marginalized populations through the development, delivery, and evaluation of effective clinical programs, with the role of supervision a key component. This includes teaching and supporting the development and ongoing maintenance of holistic competence for practitioners and students.
Sewell, K. M., Sanders, J. E., Kourgiantakis, T., Katz, E., & Bogo, M. (2020). Cognitive and affective processes: MSW students’ awareness and coping through simulated interviews. Social Work Education. Advanced Online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/02615479.2020.1727875
Kourgiantakis, T., Sewell, K. M., et al. (2020). Mental health, addictions, and suicide risk assessment in social work education and training. Journal of Social Work Education. Advanced online publication. https//doi.org/10.1080/10437797.2020.1773363
Sewell, K. M. (2020). Examining the place of emotions, affect, and regulation within social work education. Journal of Social Work Education, 56(1), 5-16. https://doi.org/10.1080/10437797.2019.1627262
Sewell, K. M., Fredericks, K., Mohamud, A., Kallis, J., & Augimeri, L. K. (2020).Youth experiences in evaluating a Canadian SNAP Boys Youth Leadership Program integrating risk management, resilience and positive youth development. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 37(3), 301-314. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-020-00658-4
Sewell, K. M., Woods, S., Belisle, E., Walsh, M., & Augimeri, L. K. (2019). SNAP Youth Justice: Youth perceptions of their learning during a pilot of an evidence-informed intervention. Journal of Evidence-Informed Social Work, 16, 478-496. https://doi.org/10.1080/26408066.2019.1629139
Sewell, K. M. (2018). Social work supervision of staff: A primer and scoping review (2013–2017). Clinical Social Work Journal, 46, 252-265. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10615-018-0679-0
Sewell, K. M. (2017). Theoretically grounded, evidence-informed clinical supervision for the SNAP programs: A model in development. The Clinical Supervisor, 36, 340-359. https://doi.org/10.1080/07325223.2017.1352549
|Dr. Nassim Tabri
Keywords: addiction, overvalued ideation, psychopathology, self-concept
In one line of research, I investigate how various transdiagnostic factors (e.g., overvalued ideation, perfectionism, and impulsivity) may function together to proliferate and maintain engagement in various health compromising behaviours (e.g., disordered eating and gambling).
Becker, K. R., Plessow, F., Tabri, N., Coniglio, K. A., Franko, D. L., Zayas, L. V., Germine, L., Thomas, J. J., & Eddy, K. T. (2017). Global/local processing style: Explaining the relationship between trait anxiety and binge eating. International Journal of Eating Disorders., 50(11), 1264 – 1272. doi: 10.1002/eat.22772
Franko, D. L., Tabri, N., Keshaviah, A., Murray, H. B., Herzog, D. B., Thomas, J. J., Coniglio, K., Keel, P. K., & Eddy, K. T. (2018). Predictors of long-term recovery in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: Data from a 22-year longitudinal study. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 96, 183-188. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2017.10.008
Tabri, N., Murray, H. B., Thomas, J. J., Franko, D. L., Herzog, D. B., & Eddy, K. T. (2015). Overvaluation of body shape and weight and engagement in non-compensatory weight-control behaviors in eating disorders: Is there a reciprocal relationship? Psychological Medicine, 45(14), 2951 – 2958. doi:10.1017/S0033291715000896
Tabri, N., Werner, K. M., Milyavskaya, M., & Wohl, M. J. A. (in press). Perfectionism predicts disordered gambling via financially focused self-concept. Journal of Gambling Issues.
Tabri, N., Wohl, M. J. A., & Caouette, J. (2018). Will we be harmed, will it be severe, can we protect ourselves? Threat appraisals predict collective angst (and its consequences). European Journal of Social Psychology, 48(1), 72 – 85 doi: 10.1002/ejsp.2303
|Dr. Boris Vukovic
Keywords: accessibility, nonvisible disabilities, participatory and applied research
My research interests are framed broadly around accessibility with specific focus on nonvisible disabilities, including mental health, executive functioning disorders, and learning disabilities. I am committed to transformative research that is participatory and collaborative, impactful in the real world, and action-oriented. I look for collaborations that emphasize applied research and knowledge mobilization with equitable input from people who the research concerns the most. At the same time, theory and knowledge building with philosophical undertones is my guilty pleasure, but always anchored in a desire to drive change, improvement, and problem solving in our communities, societies, and environments.
Vukovic, B., and Saroyan, A. (2018). The dream of universal design and the realities of faculty attitudes and practices. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, New York, USA.
Antunes-Alves, S., Vukovic, B., Kramer, U., Milyavskaya, M., Dobson, K., & Drapeau, M. (2018). Therapist interventions and patient outcome: Addressing the common versus specific factor debate. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 20(3), 7-25.
Vukovic, B., Tam, S., & Hamm, B. (2016, Winter). A balancing act: The evolving role of the disability service professional. CACUSS Communiqué, 17(1), 22-23.
Lombardi, A., Vukovic, B., & Sala-Bars, I. (2015). International comparisons of inclusive instruction among college faculty in Spain, Canada, and the United States. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 28(4), 447-460.
Vukovic, B., & Martin, C. (2009). Free and Open source software (FOSS) and OER. In S. D’Antoni & C. Savage, (Eds). Open educational resources: Conversations in cyberspace. Paris: UNESCO.
|Deanna Whelan, Ph.D.
Keywords: resilience, pedagogy, statistical anxiety
My research interests focus broadly on the concept of well-being and how it can be improved within the context of academic settings. I tend to focus on concepts of grit, persistence, and mental toughness and how these can be improved/taught through course design considerations. Along this line of inquiry, I also explore positive psychology interventions, modified to target math and statistical anxiety.
|Dr. Michael Wohl
Keywords: addiction, behaviour change, prejudice, social identity and health
Dr. Michael Wohl (Ph.D. 2003, University of Alberta) is a Professor of Psychology at Carleton University. Broadly speaking, he has two areas of research: 1) conflict resolution and 2) disordered gambling.
Conflict resolution: This research focuses on the causes and consequences of harmdoing at both the interpersonal (one person transgressing against another) and intergroup level (historical and contemporary harm experienced by members of one group at the hands of another group). This research examines, among other things, the emotional reaction that stems from harming or being harmed (e.g., angst, guilt) and their effects on psychological and physical health. Ultimately, Wohl’s work is oriented toward seeking means for forgiveness and reconciliation.
Disordered Gambling: This research focuses on the factors that contribute to addiction (gambling) and refusal to seek treatment. The majority of this work has focused on erroneous cognitions (e.g., perceptions of luck), craving, and contextual factors (e.g., socio-economics) as predictors of continued gambling behaviour. Recently, Wohl has examined why disordered gamblers are reluctant to seek professional help and means to motivate behavioural change (e.g., promoting nostalgic revere for the pre-addicted self).
Hornsey, M. J., Wohl, M. J. A., Harris, E. A., Okimoto, T. G.,Thai, M., & Wenzel, M. (in press). Embodied remorse: Physical displays of remorse increase positive responses to public apologies, but have negligible effects on forgiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. doi: 10.1037/pspi0000208
Wohl, M. J. A., Tabri, N., Hollingshead, S. J., Dupuis, D. R., & Caouette, J. (in press). Empathetic collective angst predicts perpetrator group members’ support for the empowerment of the victimized group. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. doi: 10.1037/pspi0000176
Sprong, S., Jetten, J., Wang, Z., Peters, K., Mols, F., Verkuyten, M,… Wohl, M. J. A. (2019). “Our country needs a strong leader right now”: Inequality enhances the wish for a strong leader. Psychological Science, 30, 1-13. doi: 10.1177/0956797619875472
Hollingshead, S. J., Amar, M., Santesso, D., & Wohl, M. J. A. (2019). When should players be taught to gamble responsibly? Timing of educational information alters limit setting intentions. Addiction Research & Theory, 27, 507-514. doi: 10.1080/16066359.2018.1555818
Wohl, M. J. A., Tabri, N., & Zelenski, J. M (2019). The need for open science practices and well-conductedreplications in the field of gambling studies. International Gambling Studies, 19, 369-376. doi:10.1080/14459795.2019.1672769
Wohl, M. J. A., Kim, H. S., Salmon, M., Santesso, D., Wildschut, T., & Sedikides, C. (2018). Discontinuity-induced nostalgia improves the odds of a self-reported quit attempt among people living with addiction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 75, 83-94. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2017.11.011
|Dr. John Zelenski
Keywords: Happiness; Subjective Well-Being; Nature; Personality; Sustainability
John Zelenski is a Professor of Psychology at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. As a researcher and director of the Carleton University Happiness Laboratory, he studies individual differences in happiness, and how personality manifests itself ‘in the moment’ as emotional, behavioural, and cognitive processes. Recent work has focused on two areas: the causes and consequences of social behaviour (e.g., in relation to the personality trait of introversion-extraversion), and the links among nature, people’s sense of connection to nature, happiness, and environmentally sustainable behaviour.
Zelenski, J. M. (2020). Positive Psychology: The Science of Well-Being. Sage Publications.
Dopko, R. L., Capaldi, C. A., Zelenski, J. M. (2019). The psychological and social benefits of a nature experience for children: A preliminary investigation. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 63, 134-138.
Smallenbroek, O., Zelenski, J. M., & Whelan, D. C. (2017). Authenticity as a eudaimonic construct: The relationships among authenticity, values, and valence. Journal of Positive Psychology, 12, 197-209.
Capaldi, C. A., Passmore, H. A., Nisbet, E. K., Zelenski, J. M., & Dopko, R. L. (2015). Flourishing in nature: A review of the benefits of connecting with nature and its application as a wellbeing intervention. International Journal of Wellbeing, 5(4), 1-16. doi:10.5502/ijw.v5i4.1
Zelenski, J. M., & Nisbet, E. K. (2014). Happiness and feeling connected: The distinct role of nature relatedness. Environment and Behavior, 46(1), 3-23.