Photo of Xiao Huang

Xiao Huang

Professor

Degrees:Ph.D., P. Eng., FASME
Phone:613-520-2600 x 5707
Email:xiao.huang@carleton.ca
Office:4308 CB
Website:Browse

Professional Affiliations

Professional Engineers of Ontario (PEO) since 2001

ASME member since 2007

Employment/Affiliations

Position Department Institution Date
Academic
Professor Mech. & Aero. Engineering Carleton University 2009 – Present
Associate Professor Mech. & Aero. Engineering Carleton University 2005 – 2009
Assistant Professor Mech. & Aero. Engineering Carleton University 2002 – 2005
Industrial
Senior Manufacturing Engineer & Project Manager    New Product Development Division JDS Uniphase Corp.

Ottawa, ON

2001 – 2002
Senior Materials & Manufacturing Engineer Materials and Processes Laboratory Bristol Aerospace Ltd.

Winnipeg, MB

1991 – 1998

Professor Huang has over 10 years of industrial experience in aerospace manufacturing process development, electronics manufacturing, as well as production and resource planning.  In the past 16 years since joining Carleton, Huang has leveraged her knowledge and experience in aerospace materials and associated manufacturing processes to establish a world class research in advanced aerospace materials and manufacturing process development.  As of 2018, she has attracted over $3M research funding, trained over 30 Masters, 7 PhDs, 4 PDFs, and published ~190 peer reviewed journal and conference publications, in addition to two US patents and one book. Her current research areas cover metal additive manufacturing, gas turbine component repair and overhaul, polymer and ceramic based composite material design and assessment, gas turbine coating development and life prediction, and anti-icing systems for aircrafts. She has received numerous prestigious awards, including:

  • CFI New Opportunities Fund
  • Carleton University Research Award
  • Best Paper Award, The American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Turbo Expo Conference
  • American Welding Society (AWS) Charles H. Jennings Memorial Award
  • Best Paper Award, The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS)
  • Capital Educator Award Finalist

Among the following courses she taught at Carleton, two (AERO 4609 and MECH5700) were proposed and developed by Dr. Huang:

MAAE 2700 – Engineering Materials Science

AERO 3700 – Aerospace Materials and Manufacturing

AERO 4609 – Joining of Aerospace Materials

MAAE 4102 – Fracture and Strength

MECH 5700 – Surfaces and Coatings

Her Research Contributions Include:

Braze Repair Technology for Gas Turbine Engine Hot Section Components:  Dr. Huang has established an innovative applied research program in repair and overhaul of gas turbine engine components.  She has successfully developed a novel powder mixture to improve the oxidation and fatigue resistance of repaired turbine parts, and a vertically layered architecture to extend the size of defects that can be repaired.  This technology has been transferred to an Ontario based SME.  More recently, she has developed and patented a novel ductile braze alloy system that does not rely on B or Si as melting point depressant, thus enabling the repair of single crystal superalloy turbine parts. Dr. Huang is internationally known as an expert in the wide gap braze repair field, was invited to write the wide gap brazing section of the AWS brazing handbooks, and awarded the Carleton University Research Excellence Award for her work in the field.  Of her papers published in this area, one was in the top three most downloaded ASME articles in 2012, and another received the Best Paper Award by the American Welding Society in 2015.

Thermal Barrier Coatings for Gas Turbine Engine Application: Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) are an enabling technology required to increase gas turbine operating temperature and efficiency. Huang has made significant contributions to TBC development in the following areas: development of doped yttria stabilized zirconia with improved thermal insulation and fracture toughness/damage tolerance; design and fabrication of novel diffusion barrier layers to prolong TBC life; exploring low cost TBC application technology. The work on TiO2 doped yttria stabilized zirconia received the Best Paper Award at ASME Turbo Expo 2011.  Her research team’s work on artificially induced thermally grown oxides was featured on the cover page of the Journal of Thermal Spray Technology.

Anti-icing Coatings for Aircraft Application: Ice accumulation on aircrafts results in a reduction of performance and leads to fatal consequences in extremely conditions. In active de-icing, chemicals, thermal, electrothermal, mechanical or electromagnetic means are employed while in passive methods icephobic/anti-icing coatings delay ice formation and reduce ice adhesion once formed.  The research currently being carried out at Dr. Huang’s research group investigates a combination of active and passive methods to achieve effective and timely de-icing while reducing power consumption. Our preliminary studies have shown that a polymethylsiloxane based coatings applied to an Al substrate was able to reduce the ice adhesion by a factor of 3, as compared to uncoated surfaces. Particulate addition further improved both durability and reduced ice adhesion. In order to couple the coating with an electromechanical de-icing systems, intermetallic based PVD coatings and plating are being investigated to optimize composition and surface roughness.

Material and Coating Development for Canadian Supercritical Water Cooled Reactors (SCWR): One of the major challenges for the development of the high thermodynamic efficiency SCWR is the long-term stability of the materials in contact with the coolant.  In this research led by Dr. Huang, the effect of long term exposure (up to 7000 hours) in super-critical water and superheated steam (600 – 800°C) on corrosion behaviour and microstructure of coated and uncoated candidate substrate alloy(s) for use in Canadian SCWR was examined. The alloys characterized include alloys 304, 310, 214, 3033, 800H, IN 625, FeCrAl and NiCrAlY, Al and CrAl coatings.  From this research, candidate material/coatings are currently being considered by Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (one of the supporting partners). The new knowledge and expertise generated from this research have helped to strengthen Canada’s nuclear industry, particularly in the development and commercialization of SCWR and next generation of nuclear engineers. This research also helped to enrich the lab facility at Carleton, including 2 supercritical water test rigs and one ultra-high temperature steam loop.

See ORCID for a list of publications:

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8055-3745

International and National Collaborations

Several research directions have been developed in collaboration with external organizations.  Examples include:

  • Anti-icing coatings for aircraft application, in collaboration with the University of Toulouse, FR
  • Impact resistant and low cost fibre metal laminate composite, in collaboration with TU Delft, NL
  • Additive manufacturing, ceramic matrix composition and thermal barrier coatings, in collaboration with NRC Aerospace
  • Corrosion resistant coatings for supercritical water cooled reactors in collaboration of Natural Resources of Canada (NRCan) and Nuclear Research Laboratories (CNL)
  • Material and coating development for supercritical water cooled reactors with Joint Research Centre, Netherlands and VTT, Finland

 

Services to Carleton and Engineering Profession

  • Reviewer, College of Reviewers, Ontario Centres of Excellence (2014-present)
  • Expert Reviewer, NSERC Research Tool and Instruments Selection Committee (2015 and 2018)
  • Member of the Site Visit Committee, NSERC Strategic Grant (2017)
  • Chair, Manufacturing, Materials and Metallurgy Committee, ASME Turbo Expo (2011, 2012)
  • Session Organizer: ASME Turbo Expo (2011-2018), ISSCWR (2013, 2015, 2018), 13th IFC (2013)
  • Chair, Department of Mechanical Aerospace Engineering Promotion and Tenure Committee (2013, 2014, 2015, 2017)
  • Chair, Department of Mechanical Aerospace Engineering Tenure Committee (2018)